Supervision

After 8:00 p.m., minors must be directly supervised by an adult who is located in the workplace and who is reasonably accessible, unless the minor works at a kiosk, cart, or stand in the common area of an enclosed shopping mall that has security from 8:00 p.m. until the mall is closed to the public.

Hazardous Jobs

Both state and federal laws contain restrictions that prohibit minors from working in certain hazardous occupations and from performing certain dangerous tasks while at work. Employers must comply with both the federal and the state laws while employing minors in Massachusetts. Below is a compilation of state and federal child labor laws. The most protective laws are presented here and apply to all employers of teens including family members who employ teenaged relatives.

Persons under 14-years-old may not work. There are a few exceptions to this, such as babysitting, working as news carriers, on farms, and in entertainment (with a special permit).

Minors under 16-Years-Old

Persons under 16 may NOT:

  • Operate power-driven machinery (except office machines or machines in retail or food service not otherwise prohibited)
  • Cook (except on electric or gas grills that do not have open flames)
  • Operate fryolators, rotisseries, NEICO broilers, or pressure cookers
  • Operate, clean, or repair power-driven food slicers, grinders or choppers
  • Perform any baking activities
  • Operate microwave ovens (except to heat food in microwave ovens with a maximum capacity of 140 degrees Fahrenheit)
  • Clean kitchen surfaces that are hotter than 100 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Filter, transport, or dispose of cooking oil or grease hotter than 100 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Work in freezers or meat coolers
  • Work in a manufacturing facility (e.g., a factory)
  • Work on ladders or scaffolds
  • Work in garages, except dispensing gas and oil
  • Work in brick or lumber yards
  • Work in amusement places (e.g., pool or billiard room, or bowling alley)
  • Work in barber shops
  • Work in construction, transportation, communications, or public utilities (except doing clerical work away from heavy machinery off the job-site)
  • Work in warehouses (except doing clerical work)
  • Load or unload trucks, railroad cars, or conveyors
  • Wash windows in public or commercial buildings if the window sill is more than 10 feet above the ground
  • Work doing laundry in a commercial laundry or dry cleaning establishment
  • Work as a public messenger
  • Work at processing operations (e.g., in meat, fish, or poultry processing or cracking nuts, bulk or mass mailing)
  • Work around boilers or in engine rooms
  • Do industrial homework
  • Work with dangerous electrical machinery or appliances
  • Work that is determined by the Massachusetts Attorney General to be dangerous to the health and well-being of minors
  • Work in any of the occupations or tasks prohibited for persons under age 18


Minors under 18-Years-Old

Persons under 18 may NOT:

  • Drive a vehicle or forklift (except golf carts in certain circumstances)
  • Operate, clean, or repair power-driven meat slicers, grinders or choppers
  • Operate, clean, or repair power-driven bakery machines
  • Work 30 feet or more above ground or water
  • Handle, serve, or sell alcoholic beverages
  • Use circular or band saws, or guillotine shears
  • Use power-driven woodworking machines
  • Use hoisting machines
  • Operate paper balers, paper box compactors, or other power-driven paper products machines
  • Use power-driven metal-forming, punching, or shearing machines
  • Use buffing or polishing equipment
  • Manufacture brick, tile, or kindred products
  • Manufacture or store explosives
  • Work in excavation, wrecking, demolition, or shipbreaking
  • Work in logging, sawmilling, or mining
  • Work slaughtering, packing, or processing meat
  • Work in railway operations
  • Work in roofing or on or about a roof
  • Work in foundries or around blast furnaces
  • Work manufacturing phosphorus or phosphorus matches
  • Work where they are exposed to radioactive substances
  • Work as a firefighter or engineer on a boat
  • Oil or clean hazardous machinery in motion
  • Work in any job requiring the possession or use of a firearm

This is not an exhaustive list of hazardous job restrictions. For a complete list of prohibited occupations for minors 14-15 and 16-17 years of age, please contact the Fair Labor Division of the Attorney General's Office at (617) 727-3465, or the U.S. Department of Labor at (617) 624-6700.