AG Coakley Joins DOJ's Antitrust Lawsuit to Block AT&T's Acquisition of T-Mobile
Transaction Would Reduce Competition in Mobile Wireless Telecommunications Service. Could Result in Higher Prices, Poorer Quality for Consumers and Businesses
"The proposed merger would create highly concentrated markets in Massachusetts and could lead to higher prices and poorer service," AG Coakley said. "Competition will best serve consumers and businesses in Massachusetts who rely on mobile wireless services in their everyday lives."
The department's lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia on August 31 st, seeks to prevent AT&T from acquiring T-Mobile from Deutsche Telekom AG.
Mobile wireless telecommunications services play a critical role in the way Americans live and work, with more than 300 million feature phones, smart phones, data cards, tablets and other mobile wireless devices in service today. Four nationwide providers of these services - AT&T, T-Mobile, Sprint and Verizon - account for more than 90 percent of mobile wireless connections. The proposed acquisition would combine two of those four, eliminating from the market T-Mobile, a firm that historically has been a value provider, offering particularly aggressive pricing.
According to the complaint, AT&T and T-Mobile compete head to head nationwide, including in 97 of the nation's largest 100 cellular marketing areas. Four of these markets are in Massachusetts, including in the greater Boston, Worcester, Springfield and New Bedford/Fall River areas. AT&T's acquisition of T-Mobile would eliminate a company that has been a competitive force through its low pricing and innovation. AT&T has argued that the proposed merger would create efficiencies, but we contend that these claims are either untrue or outweighed by the anticompetitive harm.
The complaint cites a T-Mobile document in which T-Mobile explains that it has been responsible for a number of significant "firsts" in the U.S. mobile wireless industry, including the first handset using the Android operating system, Blackberry wireless email, the Sidekick, national Wi-Fi "hotspot" access, and a variety of unlimited service plans. T-Mobile was also the first company to roll out a nationwide high-speed data network based on advanced HSPA+ (High-Speed Packet Access) technology. The complaint states that in January 2011, an AT&T employee observed that "[T-Mobile] was first to have HSPA+ devices in their portfolio…we added them in reaction to potential loss of speed claims."
The complaint details other ways that AT&T felt competitive pressure from T-Mobile. The complaint quotes T-Mobile documents describing the company's important role in the market:
- T-Mobile sees itself as "the No. 1 value challenger of the established big guys in the market and as well positioned in a consolidated 4-player national market"; and
- T-Mobile's strategy is to "attack incumbents and find innovative ways to overcome scale disadvantages. [T-Mobile] will be faster, more agile, and scrappy, with diligence on decisions and costs both big and small. Our approach to market will not be conventional, and we will push to the boundaries where possible. . . . [T-Mobile] will champion the customer and break down industry barriers with innovations. . . ."
The complaint also states that regional providers face significant competitive limitations, largely stemming from their lack of national networks, and are therefore limited in their ability to compete with the four national carriers. Moreover, any potential entry from a new mobile wireless telecommunications services provider would be unable to offset the transaction's anticompetitive effects because it would be difficult, time-consuming and expensive, requiring spectrum licenses and the construction of a network.
This matter is being handled for Massachusetts by Assistant Attorney General Michael Franck, Paralegal Helen Hood and Division Chief Will Matlack of the Antitrust Division.