Under the new Massachusetts Bullying Prevention law, bullying is defined as : "the repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression or a physical act or gesture or any combination thereof, directed at a victim that: (i) causes physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to the victim's property; (ii) places the victim in reasonable fear of harm to himself or of damage to his property; (iii) creates a hostile environment at school for the victim; (iv) infringes on the rights of the victim at school; or (v) materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school."

Additional Resources:

2007 National Conference on Safe Schools

Bullying Prevention Is Crime Prevention. A Report by Fight Crime: Invest in Kids

National Crime Prevention Council

Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere