Introduction

Environmental and/or Public Health Impacts

Benefits of Purchasing (and Recycling) Recycled Content Carpet

Massachusetts Statewide Contract

Related Links


Introduction

This new contract covers the six product categories including modular carpet, broadloom carpet and vinyl composition flooring, most of which contain various amounts of recycled materials, as well as services associated with these product categories. The services also available from Service Providers on the contract (labor will be subject to the current prevailing wage rate) include recycling of old carpet for virtually all carpet brands currently on the market, installation and floor preparation and cleaning, maintenance, repair and removal of carpet and flooring.

The contract award was made to a pre-qualified list of thirteen (13) product manufacturers. Each of these manufacturers has designated one or more Service Providers (SPs-or local distributors) to sell and install their products to the Commonwealth and process all orders. Contract users may purchase any type of flooring product the Contractors supply under their awarded category, and should use the list of SPs to negotiate the best price and best value for their department. Products may be purchased as "goods only" or with installation & other services.

Product Specifications: All carpet and flooring products meet the specifications for heavy commercial traffic Class II wear, ASTM standards for flammability and static protection, stain resistance and more. Low VOC adhesives will be used and F.O.B. delivery is automatically included. Requirements are also included for recycled content levels in most products. (More details below in contract specifications).

Value-Added Service: Recycling of Used/Worn Carpet: Under this new contract, all Service Providers are working with the manufacturers they represent to recycle virtually all used carpet products. The purpose is to eliminate this high volume of waste from the traditional means of disposal, which should serve to conserve landfill space and work toward the overall improvement of air quality. SPs are required to submit certificates from the carpet recycling facility in order to document the proper handling of the used materials.

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Environmental and/or Public Health Impacts

Carpet is usually made from synthetic fibers, such as nylon, which are produced from non-renewable petroleum. The process for manufacturing carpet fiber requires high inputs of energy and water and produces significant levels of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the air emissions which contribute to smog as well as respiratory and other health problems for humans. The production of the final carpet product also requires high levels of energy and water and the use of dyes made from chemicals that become pollutants in groundwater. The installation of carpet often involves the use of adhesives which are a key source of indoor air pollution because of high VOC levels. Finally, the disposal of used carpet also represents and environmental impact, as this bulky waste typically takes up valuable landfill space. Some also ends up in municipal incinerators that further contribute to air pollution.

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Benefits of Purchasing (and Recycling) Recycled Content Carpet

Some reports indicate that over two billion square yards, or over five million tons of carpet is produced annually in the United States alone. If recycled or reused, carpet products can be an important source for materials that can be either reused in carpet products or down-cycled into other useful products.

Because collecting, sorting and transporting used carpet is such a huge challenge, the tasks are being addressed by carpet and fiber companies and individual entrepreneurs. Several companies have collection sites in place and are developing means to separate carpet components and recover polymers. The industry is working towards recycling fiber back into fiber and turning Nylon 6 into new fiber. Some companies are refurbishing used carpet modules.

Carpet systems that meet or exceed CRI's Green Label or Green Label Plus programs can contribute one full Indoor Environmental Quality Credit to the LEED ratings of the U.S. Green Building Council. Projects can earn LEED credits by incorporating salvaged materials-such as refurbished, reused or recycled carpet-into plans for new construction or renovation. Projects can also earn credits by incorporating carpet containing recycled content materials. Recycled content carpet meets the same industry performance standards and carries the same manufacturer warranties as carpet without recycled content.

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Massachusetts Statewide Contract

Contract #: FAC25 Contract Title: Carpet and Flooring Products, Recycled and Related Services

Contract Summary and Specifications:

The categories of products to be covered in the RFR and the resulting contracts include the following:

  • Modular Carpet - Recycled Content Only
  • Modular Carpet - Reusable
  • Broadloom Carpet - Recycled Content and Other
  • Vinyl Composition and/or Plastic Flooring and Tiles - Recycled Content Only
  • Ceramic Tiles - Recycled Content Only
  • Rubber Flooring, Playground / Gym Surfaces and Matting - Recycled Content or Renewable Material Only (Indoor and Outdoor)

How to Use this Contract: Call one or more of the contractors above to receive price quotations, carpet or flooring samples, additional details on installation and other services and/or set up an appointment to measure the area and determine an accurate purchase price.

Product Specifications (Categories A, B, and C - Carpet)

Recycled Content and/or Other Environmental Preferability

The products supplied by the SPs must either contain a percentage of recycled materials or be certified as a reusable carpet product as defined by the contract.

Recycled Content

  • Modular/Tile products-must contain a minimum 10% total recycled content (TRC)
  • Broadloom Products-must contain a minimum 10% total recycled content [[SPs who cannot meet this broadloom minimum at the start of the contract, may still offer products if they have provided documentation to the PMT during the award period verifying that their products will be able to meet a minimum of 15% TRC during the second year of the contract term. If the deadline is not met, the PMT reserves the right to remove those products from the contract at that time.
  • The manufacturer's claim of recycled content must comply with FTC Guides 16 CFR § 260.7 (e), Guides for Use of Environmental Marketing Claims, and should be indicated according to those guides. ( http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/grnrule/guides980427.htm).

Reusable / Reclaimed

SPs may offer carpet that, upon the end of its normal life, can undergo a process that will render it "almost new" and reusable.

Performance Requirements (Categories A, B, and C - Carpet)

Carpet products offered by the SPs must meet the following performance specifications:

  • Construction-must be a commercial grade nylon fiber 6, 6,6 and a solution dyed product, with 6000 minimum density or comparable performance. (For 12' products only, a minimum face weight of 26 oz also applies).
  • Flammability-installed carpet must meet the appropriate Federal, State, and local fire code requirements: Methenamine Pill Test (DOC FF 1-70), Floor Radiant Panel Test (ASTM E648).
  • Colorfastness to Light-a color contrast between the exposed and unexposed carpet areas equivalent to a minimum of Grade 4 on the Gray Scale of Color Change after exposure of 60 AFU (Accelerated Fading Units) for all colors when tested as specified in test method (AATCC 16 Option E).
  • Colorfastness to Crocking-color transfer Class 4 minimum, wet and dry, when tested as specified in test method (AATCC 165).
  • Static protection-a peak electrostatic charge generation must not exceed 3.5 kV maximum when tested according to test method (AATCC 134-step method).
  • Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) - all carpet products, floor covering adhesives, and carpet cushions must comply with the requirements of the CRI Indoor Air Quality Green Label Standard at the time of the award (see www.carpet-rug.org for details).

All adhesives must also meet the SCAQMD standards (see www.aqmd.gov/rules/html/r1168.html ).

All cleaning chemicals to be used must have low toxicity and low VOCs.

Soil Resistance-a minimum average of 350-ppm fluorine on the pile fiber when tested as specified in test method (AATCC 189-2000).

Specific to broadloom carpet:

  • Secondary backed carpet-2.5 pounds of force per inch (minimum average value) delamination strength of secondary backing from the primary backing when tested as specified in test method (ASTM D-3936).

Specific to tile (modular carpets):

  • Dimensional stability-(±) 0.2% maximum when tested as specified in method (ISO2551 AACHEN test).

Product Specifications (Categories D-Vinyl, E-Ceramic, and F-Rubber)

Vinyl / Plastic Flooring and Tile, Recycled (Category D)

  • Recycled Content- products must contain a minimum total recycled content of 10% (pre and/or post consumer), although it is desirable that the products offered contain a higher percentage (over 10%) of recycled content (preferably post-consumer) and be recyclable as defined by this RFR.
  • Construction - be a commercial grade product that meets the heavy traffic Composition Class II, and ASTM F1066 standards.
  • Fire Test Data - installed vinyl flooring must be considered Class I and meet the following ASTM standards: ASTM E648, ASTM E662 - less than 450.
  • Static Load Limit- products must meet ASTM F970 - 75 PSI.
  • Quality/Selection - all vinyl flooring must be first quality and available in multiple colors and/or patterns.

Ceramic Tile, Recycled (Category E)

  • Recycled Content- products must contain a minimum recycled content of 70%, (of which a 15% minimum must be post-consumer glass or ceramic), although it is desirable that the products offered contain a higher percentage (over 15%) of post-consumer recycled content and be recyclable as defined by this RFR.
  • Construction- be a commercial grade product that meets the heavy traffic class minimum II.
  • ANSI Test Standards - be freeze-thaw stable, resistant to impact and produced according to ANSI A137.1.
  • Color and Design - be available in multiple colors and offer an option of an abrasive (reduced skid) finish.

Indoor Rubber Flooring, Matting, Tiles and Stair Treads (Category F-1)

  • Construction - be commercial and/or industrial grade, high density product that meets the heavy duty traffic/use class.
  • Recycled / Renewable Content - contain a minimum of 15% recycled rubber content, and/or "renewable materials" as defined in this RFR.
  • Fire Test Data - the flash point of installed rubber flooring must be between 650° F and 800° F and meet the standards of ASTM E648 and/or ASTM E662 -less than 450.
  • Quality - all rubber flooring must be first quality, shock absorbing, slip & water resistant.
  • Static Load Limit - products must meet ASTM F970 for electrical conductivity.

It is desirable that the rubber products offered contain the highest percentage of post-consumer recycled content possible and be recyclable as defined by this RFR.

Outdoor Rubber Flooring, Matting and Surfaces (Category F-2)

  • Construction - be commercial and/or industrial grade, high density product that meets the heavy duty traffic/use class.
  • Recycled / Renewable Content - contain a minimum of 50% post-consumer recycled rubber content, and/or "renewable materials" as defined in this RFR.
  • Fire Test Data - the flash point of installed rubber flooring must be between 650° F and 800° F and meet the standards of ASTM C518 for thermal resistance: R-2.32.
  • Quality - all rubber flooring must be first quality, shock absorbing, slip, water and weather resistant.
  • Static Load Limit - products must meet ASTM F970 for electrical conductivity.

It is desirable that the rubber products offered in both F1 and F2 contain a higher percentage of post-consumer recycled content and be recyclable as defined by this RFR.

Awarded Vendors: Manufacturers and Their Service Providers

The manufacturers awarded under this contract to supply carpet and/or flooring products with recycled content are as follows:

  • C & A / Tandus
  • Designweave Commercial Carpet
  • Freudenberg Building Systems, Inc.
  • Interface Flooring Systems, Inc.
  • J&J / Invision
  • Lees Carpets
  • Mannington Carpets
  • Milliken Carpet
  • Patcraft Commercial Carpet
  • SelecTech, Inc.
  • Shaw Industries
  • The Mohawk Group

Each of these manufacturers has designated one or more product installers, referred to as Service Providers (SPs) to deliver and install their products. Complete contact information for the SPs and details on how to use this contract is available in the OSD Update at www.comm-pass.com.

Accessing the Massachusetts State Contract:

To access the contract details and pricing on the Commonwealth's website, the Procurement Access and Solicitation System (Comm-PASS), it is recommended that you search the site using the following steps:

  • www.comm-pass.com (Home page)
  • Front page of Comm-Pass select search for contracts link,
  • Search page - input FAC25 in the document number box and click search,
  • Sentence Link - Click on the sentence link at the top of the search page and the contract title will appear,
  • Click on the eyeglasses at the end of the active contract name,
  • Click on the Terms Tab for additional contract information or click on the Vendor Tab to view the list of Contractors,
  • Click on the " eyeglasses" for all Contractors to expand the view and at the bottom of the expanded view page are the approved cost files for all products offered by that vendor.

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Related Links

  1. Green Seal, Choose Green Report: http://www.greenseal.org/resources/reports/CGR_carpet.pdf
  2. Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE - http://www.carpetrecovery.org/
  3. Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) - http://www.carpet-rug.org/index.cfm
  4. CRI Sustainability Report - http://www.carpet-rug.org/pdf_word_docs/03_CRI-Sustainability-Report.pdf

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