Massachusetts government is funded on a fiscal year basis. The 2012 fiscal year runs from July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012.

For information on the current fiscal year, see the FY2011 Budget Summary

Overview of the budget process


 

Fiscal year 2012 budget documentsBudget-writing steps

Governor's Budget
January 26, 2011

The budget begins as a bill that the Governor submits on the 4th Wednesday in January (or five weeks later if at the start of a new term) to the House of Representatives.

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House Ways & Means Budget
April 13, 2011

The House Ways and Means Committee reviews the Governor's budget and then develops its own recommendation.

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House Budget
April 28, 2011

Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the House floor. Once debated, amended and voted on by the full House, it becomes the final House budget bill and moves to the Senate.

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Senate Ways & Means Budget
May 18, 2011

The Senate Ways & Means Committee reviews both the Governor's and House budgets and develops its own recommendation.

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Senate Budget
May 26, 2011

Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the Senate floor. Once debated, amended and voted on, it becomes the final Senate's budget bill.

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H.1 Revised
(Governor's Budget)

 

State Finance law requires the Governor to submit budget revisions to his proposed budget if revenue forecasts predict a shortfall after the original submission.

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Conference Committee Budget
June 30, 2011

House and Senate leadership assign members to a "conference committee" to negotiate the differences between the House and Senate bills. The conference committee report can only be approved or rejected - no additional amendments can be made.

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Vetoes
July 11, 2011

Once approved by both chambers of the Legislature, the Governor has ten days to review it. The Governor may approve or veto the entire budget, or may veto or reduce particular line items or sections, but may not add anything.

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Overrides

The House and Senate may vote to override the Governor's vetoes. Overrides require a two-thirds roll-call vote in each chamber.

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Final Budget
July 11, 2011

The final budget is also known as the General Appropriations Act (GAA) or "Chapter 68 of the Acts of 2011."