Massachusetts government is funded on a fiscal year basis. The 2013 fiscal year runs from July 1, 2012 through June 30, 2013.

For information on the current fiscal year, see the FY2013 Budget Summary.

Overview of the budget process


Fiscal year 2013 budget documentsBudget-writing steps

Governor's Budget
January 25, 2012

The budget begins as a bill that the Governor submits on the 4th Wednesday in January (or five weeks later if at the start of a new term) to the House of Representatives.

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House Ways & Means Budget
April 11, 2012

The House Ways and Means Committee reviews the Governor's budget and then develops its own recommendation.

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House Budget
April 26, 2012

Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the House floor. Once debated, amended and voted on by the full House, it becomes the final House budget bill and moves to the Senate.

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Senate Ways & Means Budget
May 16, 2012

The Senate Ways & Means Committee reviews both the Governor's and House budgets and develops its own recommendation.

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Senate Budget
May 25, 2012 (pdf)

Individual representatives submit budget amendments which are then debated on the Senate floor. Once debated, amended and voted on, it becomes the final Senate's budget bill.

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H.1 Revised

State Finance law requires the Governor to submit budget revisions to his proposed budget if revenue forecasts predict a shortfall after the original submission.

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Conference Committee Budget
June 27, 2012 (pdf)

House and Senate leadership assign members to a "conference committee" to negotiate the differences between the House and Senate bills. The conference committee report can only be approved or rejected - no additional amendments can be made.

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July 8, 2012

Once approved by both chambers of the Legislature, the Governor has ten days to review it. The Governor may approve or veto the entire budget, or may veto or reduce particular line items or sections, but may not add anything.

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July 11-17, 2012

The House and Senate may vote to override the Governor's vetoes. Overrides require a two-thirds roll-call vote in each chamber.

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Final Budget

The final budget is also known as the General Appropriations Act (GAA) or "Chapter 139 of the Acts of 2012."

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