In accordance with M.G.L., Chapter 31, section 41, 46, CS form 11

A permanent, civil service employee's status changed to a lower title due to a voluntary request, budgetary concerns or in response to a disciplinary action is considered a demotion.

The Appointing Authority submits a completed Demotion Request or Change in Status (Form 11) that lists the current position the employee is serving and the position to which the employee is being assigned.

The demotion generally occurs within the same title series. For example, Senior Building Custodian to Building Custodian or Police Lieutenant to Police Officer.

Please note that a demotion due to budget concerns allows the employee ten (10) years reinstatement rights to the affected title.
This information provided by the Human Resources Division.