DCAMM Statewide Resilience Master Plan (SRMP) Bibliography of Resilience Best Practices

Citation and LinkSummary
American Institute of Architects New York. "Post Sandy Initiative: Building Better, Building Smarter: Opportunities for Design and Development". (2013)Post-Sandy reflection of NYC critiquing infrastructure, waterfront, housing, and commercial buildings.  Four objectives of the study were to inform policy makers, make information and data public, initiate public symposia, and influence further advocacy.  There are also short, medium, long term goals and standards that must be met for future preparedness, i.e. design suggestions to mitigate against another storm as severe as Sandy.  Mentions passive/defensive options for various scenarios such as completely barricading, or being able to adapt with more flexibility.  There are also multidisciplinary challenges relating to building codes and regulations within the city that provide further planning issues.
Boston Society of Architects. "Building Resilience in Boston: Best Practices for Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience for Existing Buildings". (2013).Study focusing on Boston's building stock and the current or emerging hazards relative to climate change.  Explores the chances and frequency of any potential hazards in Boston and the extent of different types of structures throughout the city (residential, commercial, etc.). Several maps investigate the severity of various storms, flood plains and impervious surfaces and how the relation with demographics, such as population density may be at risk.  Strategies against urban heat islands, flooding, winter storms, erosion, and wind for buildings, as these are most prevalent for Boston.  Building use: systems and operations, as well as surrounding landscape all must be analyzed for best mitigation practice.
City of Boston. "Climate Ready Boston: Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Projections for Boston". (2016)Update of previously studied projections relating to climate change.  Risks associated with climate change include sea level rise, increase in precipitation and tropical storms, and an increase of higher temperatures.  The purpose of the report was to review previous and most recent projections from a variety of sources in order to conclude a final report in which the City of Boston can use in preparation of the future.  Each risk is analyzed separately by the key findings, review of existing science, projections, and open questions and data gaps.  Statistical analysis of the risks provide historical insight and the changes over time, as well as into the future up to 2100.
City of Cambridge. "Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment: The CCVA Report Part 1". (2015).CCVA provides Cambridge with a proactive approach to climate change by incorporating risks for all sectors and explaining how social and financial assets are compromised.  Inland flooding and high temperatures pose the highest threat to the city and certain neighborhoods and buildings are more vulnerable than others.  Several neighborhoods are left more vulnerable due to location or demographic reasons and need to be addressed, as well as critical infrastructure and transportation assets that require attention so city functionalities can continue to operate properly.
City of New Orleans. "Resilient New Orleans: Strategic actions to shape our future city". (2015).Emphasizes adapting and embracing change rather than complete prevention, suggesting to living with water, rather than completely barricading it.  Advocates equity among by way or resource accessibility and representation among diverse set of residents.  Plans to redesign the city infrastructure for better transit and practice sustainable methods in terms of growth and preparedness going forward.  Being prone to flooding, emphasis on coast management and protection is vital especially waterways that make their way into urbanized areas.  (Smart investment).  Uses 2050 as a guideline for plans.  Takes examples from Rotterdam, Chicago, and Medellin and how the infrastructure utilizes the water as well as transit systems
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. "Climate Change Adaptation Report". EOEEA. (2011)2011 Report.  Explains predictions of climate change and its impacts in order to emphasize how multiple sectors are vulnerable and how some may experience greater challenges, some sooner than others.  Suggests several strategies regarding preservation and protection of natural landscapes, and communication for proper, efficient mitigation techniques.  Important sectors include natural resources and habitat, key infrastructure, human health and welfare, local economy and government, and coastal zone and oceans.  Stressors and vulnerabilities relating to key assets and resources are explored, and strategies on proper mitigation techniques whether it be for short-term or long-term.
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. "State Hazard Mitigation Plan". MEMA, DCR, Tetra Tech. (2013).Large amount of in-depth information relating to planning processes, coordination of local planning, and risk assessment.  Advocates knowledge of potential hazards and how to minimize any sort of impending devastation. Gives an overview of all potential hazards including flooding, fire, erosion, winter storms, even earthquakes, tsunamis, and landslides. Extent of given hazard is mentioned and the level of vulnerability for certain demographics and facilities throughout the state.  Measures to be taken to assure for accurate and updated planning procedures at all operational levels.
Enterprise Community Partners Inc. "Strategies for Multifamily Building Resilience: Disaster Preparedness for Affordable Housing Organizations". (2015).Recognition of climate change and resulting in an increase of severe weather events in urban areas and providing steps to build resilient communities and buildings.  Guide to assessing potential hazards and the risks posed to residents, buildings, business, and the community. Explores different mitigation strategies for different building types and sizes, via either protection or adaptation.  Also emphasizes the need for backup resources in buildings, as well as community engagement to provide a stronger sense of resilience.  Strategies include but are not limited to dry/wet flood proofing, envelope efficiency, shading, and heating & cooling, all which are dependent on type of structure and the services that are provided.  These strategies are then provided with costs associated and even real examples of the strategy being implemented at their respective building.
Federal Emergency Management Agency. "Floodproofing: Non-Residential Buildings". (2013)A guide for non-residential buildings to conduct given the potential for any water damage and flood prone areas.  The objective of the document is to provide information of how to protect existing structures and properly plan new construction to mitigate flooding.  A key component is to conduct a vulnerability assessment to analyze the possible extent of flooding and work from there to conclude how extensive any modifications need to be considering different building codes and site characteristics.  Since each scenario is different, some strategies include dry and wet flood proofing, levees, shields, and emergency measures such as sandbags
National Institute of Standards and Technology, and U.S. Department of Commerce. "Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems: Volume I." (2015).Key planning steps for community resilience rely heavily on forming a collaborative team, understanding the situation, goals, plan development, plan preparation/review, and finally implementation and maintenance.  It is emphasized that in order to be prepared and resilient, communities must come together as this is the level where hazards make the most impacts and in turn, people have the most influence as well.  Understanding and categorizing built & natural environment, in order to protect vital assets and services that provide communities in times of need.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, and U.S. Department of Commerce. "Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems: Volume II." (2016).In addition to the previous NIST volume 1, which included many points relating to communities, this second volume contains more information infrastructure and building resilience, as well as transportation systems.  Energy use and communication systems are also explored in terms of efficiency and reliability, as well as the strength and reach of the network.  Waste/waste water management is mentioned on the basis of human health and well-being.  Several resources are gathered and stated as examples of methodologies relating to the aforementioned fields, as are metrics for utilities and the social well-being and overall security  of assets.
New York City Department of City Planning. "Coastal Climate Resilience: Urban Waterfront Adaptive Strategies". (2013)Study to provide information on adaptive strategies in coastal areas, in particular is New York. To emphasize, is also the costs and benefits associated with each strategy, as well as establishing a framework that communities can evaluate to evaluate the effectiveness of any given strategy, relative to their situation.  Strategies are for building infrastructure when faced with coastal flooding and sea level rise.  The inventory includes adaptive strategies; 1) Site strategies: new construction & retrofitting. 2) Reach strategies: upland, shoreline, and in-water.  In other words, the inventory acts a guide for consciousness of costs and most importantly how effective the strategy will be, all while having multiple options.
Urban Land Institute. "Returns on Resilience: The Business Case". (2015).Various case studies throughout the United States including two in Boston (Spaulding Rehab Hospital, 6 New Street in East Boston) which provide an assessment of potential risks and what it takes to properly mitigate against them. The major point is conveying that current investment will improve return for the future, meaning by taking preventive steps now will reduce devastation in the future. This is not only useful in a business case or private sector though, all sectors can benefit from these ideals since many structures are vulnerable to various hazards and essentially the best scenario lies in safety and costs. An important theme to mention is the need for innovation and creativity. This is due to the fact that some building codes simply aren't up to par, and by being creative it gives the property added value and appeal, especially in terms of resilience considering the future projections expect more frequent and severe events to take place.
U.S. Global Change Research Program. "Climate Change Impacts in the United States". (2014).A fairly pessimistic report on the potential level of severity that climate change may pose to the United States.  Introduced is not only the weather and landscape, but the buildings, homes and most importantly the effect on human health which can be eye opening.  This extensive assessment investigates more than a dozen hazards then individually explores each region of the country to explain what aspects are most vulnerable and what the future holds.  The common theme among each of the specific hazards is that mitigation is very possible and should be implemented into plans and strategies.  The report is essentially an attempt for people to become aware of how drastic the environment and climate may become, and use it as an informational tool to assure in the prevention of any potential hazards from providing total devastation.
U.S. Green Building Council and University of Michigan. "Green Building and Climate Resilience: Understanding Impacts and Preparing for Changing Conditions". (2011). Advocates the causalities and impacts that climate change has on the environment, and specifically built environment and infrastructure.  Analysis of impacts at the regional and local scales are explored, as is the importance of various strategies that can help lessen hazards imposed by climate change..  Estimates of emissions into the future and possible consequences thereof are presented via Matrix and Projections.  Hazards that are mentioned are coastal, precipitation/water, temperature, pests, storms, air quality, and fire.