June 2015

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The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) – Division of State Parks and Recreation (DSPR) Roads and Trails datalayer contains all legal roads and trails (lines and point features) identified by DCR staff and consultants on DCR DSPR properties (as well as some of the Urban Parks; eventually all trails on these properties will be integrated into this dataset). Roads and trails on private and non-DCR public land were mapped if they connected to these roads and trails and should be used with permission and should not be used if posted.

These data are stored in two feature classes: DCR_ROADS_TRAILS_ARC and DCR_ROADS_TRAILS_PT.

This updates the data released by MassGIS on 3/18/2014.


The dataset was developed during the years 2005 to 2015 in consultation with key DCR DSPR staff by private contractors using GPS receivers capable of two-meter accuracy (with post processing). Review of field collected data, editing, additional field work, DCR staff review and final processing was done by DCR DSPR Bureau of Forestry, Management Forestry staff headed by David Goodwin with production assistance from Amanda Lewis, Alicia Johnson and Bradford Wykoff.

Contractors (by DCR DSPR Management Forestry district) were:

  • Northern Berkshire – New England Forestry Consultants, Inc., Sean Libbey
  • Central Berkshire – REWC Land Management, Robert Collins
  • Southern Berkshire – The Kenerson Group, Michael Barry
  • Western Connecticut Valley – Land Stewardship, Inc., Nicholas Holland
  • Eastern Connecticut Valley – Land Stewardship, Inc., Nicholas Holland
  • Mid State - – New England Forestry Consultants, Inc., Sean Libbey and The Kenerson Group, Michael Barry
  • Northeast – Land Stewardship, Inc., Nicholas Holland
  • Southeast – Land Stewardship, Inc., Nicholas Holland

MassGIS provided additional quality assurance on these layers.


Road and Trail Lines

This feature class (DCR_ROADS_TRAILS_ARC) has attributes that describe the road and trail sections (parts of a road or trail that run between two intersection points), including:

TYPE: The type of road or trail segment as follows:

Forest Road/Trail - A road or trail designed for vehicle use but may be used primarily for recreation or forestry purposes, generally unsuitable for two wheel drive highway vehicles

Administrative Road - Roads designed specifically for DCR use, not open to the public

Public Road - Roads designed for public use from a practical rather than legal perspective, generally suitable for two wheel drive highway vehicles.

Trail - Trails designed for foot and non-motorized uses.

Other - Any road or trail not included in the above categories; will include utility rights-of-way, private roads and driveways.

ILLEGAL: The status of trail ('Y' = illegal and is not included in the public data release; 'N' = legal and are the only trails in the public data release)

SURFACE: The predominant surface of the road or trail (Natural, Asphalt, Brick, Concrete, Processed Gravel, Bank Run Gravel, Vegetated, Stone and Oil, Packed Stone Dust, Pavers, Wood, Plastic, Other)

WIDTH: The minimum width of the section of road or trail (0’-3’, 3’-5’, 5’-10’, 10’-15’, 15’-20’, 20+’)

CONDITION: The condition of the road or trail (Good, Fair, Poor)

VEHICACCES: The type of vehicle that can access the road or trail (car, 2WD truck, 4WD truck, ORV, none), for example, if a Forest Road/Trail is attributed as 4WD truck, it will not be suitable for a car or 2WD truck but will be suitable for a 4WD truck or ORV (if allowed)

TRAIL_MARK: The quality or existence of trail marking (Good, Fair, Poor, None)

COMMENTS: Notes taken in the field

GPS_DATE: The day the data was collected, automatically collected by GPS unit

GPS_TIME: The time the data was collected, automatically collected by GPS unit

NAME: The name of road or trail, if known, added by DCR staff

MILES: Length in miles of road or trail section, added by DCR staff

METERS: Length in meters of road or trail section, added by DCR staff

Road and Trail Points

This feature class (DCR_ROADS_TRAILS_PT) contains many different types of points related to assets along the roads and trails. Fields are filled in depending on the type of point (most of the fields are associated exclusively with one type). Fields in this feature class include:

TYPE: The type of point (20 options), which determines which additional attributes require input as follows:

Trailhead - The access point for a trail/road, usually near a parking lot or public road

NUM: The number of trails (not roads) that start at this point
INTSIGNAGE: Trail name signage at this intersection (Good = you can tell the names of all trails at this intersection from the signage; Fair = you can tell the names of some of the trails; Poor =  signage is misleading or confusing; None = no signage)
INT_NUMBER: Intersection number, if indicated on a sign on a tree/post/stake, to help people find where they are on the park map.

Dead End - [no additional fields]

Parking Area

PRKNGCAPAC: Parking capacity - potential number of cars
PRKNGSURF: Parking surface (Asphalt, Processed gravel, Bank run gravel, Natural surface, Other)
PRKNGCOND: Parking lot condition (Good, Fair, Poor)
PRKNGESIZE: Parking lot size in square feet

Gate - Any structure that is used to block vehicular access to the road or trail system

GATE_EFFEC: Does gate effectively block motorized vehicles? (true or false)
GATE_OWNER: Owner of gate (DCR, other state agency, municipal, federal, private, non-profit, other)
GATE_NUM: The gate number, if indicated
GATE_POSTS: Gate post material (wood, treated, steel, well casing or heavy pipe, other)
GATE_RFLCT: Is the gate reflective tape in good condition? (True/False)
GATE_COND: Gate condition (Good = like new materials and treatment OK; Fair = has rust, deterioration or damage, but is repairable; Poor = failed, not economical to repair)
GATE_HEIGH: Gate height to nearest ½ foot
GATE_WIDTH: Gate width to nearest foot
GATE_TYPE: Gate type (steel channel – HD square pipe, steel pipe – normal round pipe, farm gate, wire or cable, treated timber, untreated timber, log, gravel pile, rip rap large rock pile, posts, jersey barrier, other)
GATE_CONFG: Gate configuration (single lane, two lanes without center post, two lanes with center post)

Road Bridge

RBRIDOWNER: Bridge owner (DCR, other state agency, municipal, federal, private, non-profit, other)
RBRIDAMATE: Primary bridge abutment material (quarried stone, field stone, rubble, concrete, treated wood cribbing, untreated wood cribbing, other/combination)
RBRIDACOND: Bridge abutment condition (good, fair, poor)
RBRIDDWIDT: Bridge deck width to the nearest inch
RBRIDDLENG: Bridge deck length to the nearest foot
RBRIDDCOND: Bridge deck condition (good, fair, poor)
RBRIDDMATE: Primary material of bridge deck (untreated wood with running plank, untreated wood without running plank, treated wood with running plank, treated wood without running plank, glulam, steel plate, expanded steel, concrete, stone, other)
RBRIDFCROS: Name or type of feature the bridge crosses
RBRIDHRATI: AASHTO 44 “H” rating (< 10, 10, 15, 20, 25, failed, unknown)
RBRIDOWIDT: Width of opening between abutments under bridge to nearest foot
RBRIDOHEIG: Height of opening measured from the feature crossed to the lowest point on the bridge to nearest foot
RBRIDSPAN: Distance to nearest foot of the actual bridge suspension
RBRIDSMATE: Bridge stringer material (steel, sawn treated wood, sawn untreated wood, treated roundwood, untreated roundwood, glulam, concrete, other)
RBRIDSNUM: Bridge stringer number
RBRIDSCOND: Bridge stringer condition (good, fair, poor)
RBRIDSSIZE: Bridge stringer dimension (H x W x L)
RBRIDYEARI: Year the bridge was installed

Road Ford

RFORDFCROS: Name or type of feature road ford crosses
RFORDCOND: Overall condition of ford (good, fair, poor)
RFORDBTYPE: Bottom type of ford (ledge, stony, mud, gravel, concrete pad, log or timber, other)

Road Sign

RSIGNTTEXT: Text of the sign or type of sign if too complex
RSIGNMATER: Primary sign material (steel painted, aluminum, plywood, treated timber, wood painted, wood routed, fiberglass, other)
RSIGNPOSTM: Primary sign post material (treated timber, steel post, painted or untreated wood, log post, other metal post, fiberglass post, tree, other)
RSIGNCOND: Condition of sign (good, fair, poor)

Trail Sign(s)/Kiosk

TSIGNINFO: There is an informational sign (true, false)
TSIGNINTRP: There is an interpretive sign (true, false)
TSIGNREGUL: There is a regulatory sign (true, false)
TSIGNKIOSK: There is a kiosk structure (true, false)
TSIGNCOND: Condition of sign or kiosk (good, fair, poor)

Trail Structure/Erosion Control - A human-made structure associated with the trail that was constructed for the purpose of erosion control or to maintain the physical integrity of the trail

TSTRUSTYPE: Type of trail structure or erosion control (steps, cribbing, retaining wall, guardrail, drainage dip, waterbar, checkdam, turnpike, corduroy, switchback/climbing turn, other)
TSTRUMATER: Material of structure (rock, mineral soil, untreated wood, treated wood, metal, plastic, other)
TSTRUSCOND: Condition of the structure (good, fair, poor)
TSTRUSFUNC: Functional condition of the structure (good, fair, poor)

Trail Stream Crossing - Where a trail crosses a water body

TSTRXCTYPE: Type of stream crossing (bridge, boardwalk, culvert, unimproved ford, improved ford, bog bridge, other)
TXTRXMATER: Material of stream crossing (rock, untreated wood, treated wood, metal, plastic, other)
TSTRXSCOND: Condition of the structure (good, fair, poor)
TSTRXCCOND: Condition of the crossing (good, fair, poor)
TXTRXWTYPE: Type of water body crossed (stream, wetland, spring, seasonal runoff, other)
TXTRXLENGT: Length of crossing to the nearest foot

Trail Meets Utility Right-Of-Way

TUTIXUTYPE: Type of utility line (gas, electric, phone, other)
TUTIXCONFG: Configuration of utility line (above ground, below ground)
TUTIXIMPCT: Does the trail crossing negatively impact the utility line? (true, false)

Trail Crosses Stone Wall - [no additional fields]

Trail Crosses DCR Boundary

TBNDXSPDCR: Is there a DCR property sign present? (true, false)
TBNDXSPPRI: Is there a private property sign present? (true, false)

Building - [no additional fields]

Shelter - [no additional fields]

Picnic Table/Area

PICNINUM: Number of picnic tables in this picnic area
PICNIMATER: Primary material of the picnic table (Wood, Plastic, Metal, Stone, Concrete, Other)


BENCHNUM: Number of benches
BENCHMATER: Primary material of benches (Wood, Plastic, Metal, Stone, Concrete, Other)

Vista - [no additional fields]

Recreational Site - [no additional fields]

Noteworthy Natural Feature - [no additional fields]


The following fields are available for all point feature types:

COMMENTS: Notes taken in the field

GPS_DATE: The day the data was collected, automatically collected by GPS unit

GPS_TIME: The time the data was collected, automatically collected by GPS unit


DCR DSPR will provide any updates to MassGIS

Last Updated 6/23/2015