Supreme Judicial Court Approves New Rule 1:19
Governing Electronic Access to the Courts
The Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court today announced the approval of a new SJC Rule 1:19 governing “Electronic Access to the Courts .” The Court order amends the former Rule 1:19 governing cameras in the courts and replaces it with the new rule, effective on July 1, 2012. After the new rule has been in operation for a year, the Court will review it to determine whether further revisions are needed.
The new Rule 1:19 is designed to recognize the changes in technology and journalism since the original rule was promulgated and to maintain the necessary order and decorum in the Massachusetts courts. Among the major changes are the following:
• The news media are defined as those who are regularly engaged in the reporting and publishing of news or information about matters of public interest. This would include citizen journalists who meet this standard.
• The news media are allowed to use laptop computers and other electronic communication devices inside courtrooms if they are not disruptive to the proceedings.
• Those seeking to cover the courts using the permitted technology are required to register with the Public Information Officer of the Supreme Judicial Court, confirm that they meet the definition of news media and agree to follow the provisions in Rule 1:19. A judge has the discretion to permit electronic access by a person who had not registered.
• In addition to one video and one still camera, a second mechanically silent video camera is allowed for use by media other than broadcast television and still photographers.
• Motions to suppress may be electronically recorded.
• If news media ask to record multiple cases in a session on the same day, a judge may reasonably restrict the number of cases that are recorded to prevent undue administrative burdens on the court.
• The rule applies to clerk magistrates conducting public proceedings.
As in the original rule, covert photography, recording or transmission is prohibited; a judge retains the right to limit or suspend electronic coverage if it would create a harmful consequence; and the media are required to make arrangements for sharing of video and still photographs. The new rule provides that minors and sexual assault victims may not be photographed without the consent of the judge. It continues the current restrictions on recording or photographing voir dire hearings concerning jurors or prospective jurors, side-bar conferences, conferences between counsel and client, and frontal or close-up photography of jurors and prospective jurors.
The new rule was drafted by a committee of judges, clerks, court administrators, attorneys and media representatives who were asked to study the current rule and to recommend changes. The Supreme Judicial Court Judiciary-Media Committee approved the recommendations and forwarded them to the SJC Rules Committee. The proposed rule was sent out for public comment and comments were received through March 2011. The Judiciary-Media Committee and Rule 1:19 subcommittee were asked to consider the comments and make further changes, if warranted. The Judiciary-Media completed its work last fall and made final recommendation to the SJC Rules Committee.
The Justices said that they greatly appreciated the dedicated work of the SJC Judiciary- Media Committee and the Rule 1:19 subcommittee. The subcommittee co-chairs were retired Leominster District Court First Justice John Curran and Neil Ungerleider, WCVB-TV Manager of Digital and Multi-Media in Boston. Supreme Judicial Court Justice Robert J. Cordy is co-chair with Mr. Ungerleider of the Judiciary-Media Committee. It is anticipated that educational training and materials on the new rule will be provided to judges, court employees and the media in the coming months.