|Deer grazing in front of the Mansion
Borderland offers visitors an opportunity to explore
a variety of ecological communities. Rabbits,
squirrels, and geese are common sights; otter, deer, fox and
raccoon are some of the mammals living in the park. The park
is a great place to see migratory birds; great blue heron
and even osprey are spotted on occasion. The diversity of vegetation
throughout the park provides forage to sustain these and many
Most of Borderland's woodlands consist of white and red oak
trees. Pocket areas of white pine, hemlock and beech trees
can be found in the park. Borderland has over 35 acres of agricultural
fields which have been maintained for hay for over 300 years.
A wonderful array of wildflowers within the hayfields can be
seen in July and August, along with dragon-flies and other
insects. Please leave the flowers for others to enjoy.
|The Blandings Turtle is one of the
creatures to be found at Borderland. It
prefers water but it also lives in marshes, where it
feeds on insects, worms and various plants.
The park’s six ponds are a rich habitat for fragrant
water lilies and blue-flowered pickerelweed, and are home to
a variety of freshwater fish including perch and largemouth
bass. The ponds are in various stages of succession.
The abundance of floating vegetation in some indicates that
they are in the process of changing from pond to marsh. As
plant material decays, it is added to the layers of organic
matter on the bottom. Eventually this debris is deep enough
to support swamp shrubs. The shrubs, in turn, rapidly absorb
available moisture; as the swamp dries out, trees will take
root and a swamp forest will develop.
Borderland hosts hundreds of vernal pools. These special habitat
areas or "Big Puddles" are very important for amphibians
such as toads, salamanders, frogs. Look for programs in the
early spring related to this habitat.