Primary Prevention

Those activities that decrease the likelihood of abuse ever happening in the first instance.

Examples:

  • Educating/empowering persons with disabilities - e.g. sexuality education; communications skills training; self-esteem building

  • Providing supports to family caregivers - e.g. respite services; personal care attendants; transportation

  • Providing adequate training, support, and supervision for paid caregivers

  • Implementing effective screening practices at the time of hire

Secondary Prevention

Those activities that reduce the likelihood that abuse will continue or reoccur.

Examples:

  • Training for mandated and non-mandated reporters on how to recognize and report suspected abuse and neglect

  • Effective protective service planning

  • Enforcing criminal and civil laws, as a deterrent to further abuse

  • Enforcing disciplinary actions, and making referrals to appropriate licensing boards

Tertiary Prevention

Those activities that seek, over time, to ameliorate or lessen the harm already done as a result of the abuse.

Examples:

  • Providing medical and social supports for the victim - e.g. psychotherapy;

  • peer support counseling; adaptive equipment to increase independence, such as wheelchairs or computers

  • Legal recourse - e.g. assistance in pursuing criminal charges, or obtaining restraining orders