The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) has published and/or funded the following materials on aquatic invasive species (AIS), which are categorized below and listed alphabetically by title. (Note: Any views or opinions presented in publications prepared for CZM are solely those of the author[s] and do not necessarily represent those of the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, or the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Please see our website policies.)
General Information on Aquatic Invasive Species
- Defending Massachusetts Against Biological Invaders - This article on page 33 of the Summer 2002 Coastlines file size 4MB provides an overview of the marine aquatic species issue.
- State of the Gulf of Maine Report - Marine Invasive Species - This paper, written by CZM and published by the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment, provides a review of established marine invasive species in the Gulf of Maine, and describes impacts, vectors, emerging threats, and management responses.
- Implementing Rapid Response to Aquatic Nuisance Species in the Northeast: Key Components of a Successful Program - This document presents proceedings from a May 2005 workshop of the Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel that offered in-depth information about the key aspects of a successful early detection and rapid response program by featuring presentations on developing a rapid response protocol, model state legislation, obtaining emergency powers, getting legislation passed, alternatives to legislation, and rapid response protocols for other sectors.
- Managing Seaweed Accumulations on Recreational Beaches file size 2MB - This guidance published by CZM in 2013 was developed to help local officials and beach managers effectively address seaweed accumulations on recreational beaches while protecting coastal resources. It focuses on how seaweed is a natural and important part of the marine ecosystem, but when accumulations occur on recreational beaches, conflicts can arise that need to be addressed.
- Massachusetts Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan - This plan, released in 2002, outlines a five-year strategy to manage threats from aquatic invaders. Major components of the plan include a description of existing state and federal authorities and programs, a focus on the impacts of invasive species and management priorities, management objectives and actions, and an implementation timeline.
- Rapid Response to Aquatic Nuisance Species in the Northeast: Developing an Early Detection and Eradication Protocol - This document presents proceedings from a May 2003 workshop of the Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel that laid the groundwork for rapid response planning in the region through the presentation of a series of rapid response case studies and other rapid response planning efforts from around the country.
- Identification Cards - To help detect and monitor marine invasive species, CZM funded the development of 23 species identification cards for marine invaders in the Gulf of Maine. These cards were created by Salem Sound Coastwatch.
- Non-Native Seaweed in Massachusetts file size 1MB - Published by CZM in 2013, this fact sheet summarizes information on invasive seaweed species in Massachusetts, their ecology, and potential impacts to the marine ecosystem and economy.
- Rock Snot Brochure - In November 2007, CZM, the Department of Conservation and Recreation, and the Massachusetts Aquatic Invasive Species Working Group issued an alert for the invasive freshwater diatom, Didymosphenia geminata, otherwise known as Didymo or Rock Snot. This alga has the potential to blanket streambeds in a thick mat, leading to a loss of habitat for fish and invertebrates and making swimming and fishing undesirable. Didymo has been discovered in New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York rivers, and the working group is seeking the public's help to keep this invasive species out of Massachusetts waters.
- CHIMP Fights Bioinvaders - This article on page 42 of the Spring 2006 Coastlines file size 45MB discusses the Coastal Habitat Invasive Monitoring Program (CHIMP) developed in 2003 by Salem Sound Coastwatch.
- Citizens Monitoring for Marine Invasive Species: A Regional Approach to Covering the Coast - This document presents proceedings from an October 2006 Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel workshop on citizen monitoring.
- Monitoring for Marine Invasive Species: Guidance and Protocols for Volunteer Monitoring Groups - This is the primary guidance document for CZM’s Marine Invader Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC), a network of community groups and citizens that use a standard monitoring protocol to survey for marine invasive species. The document includes information on site selection, monitoring protocols, safety, and identification resources and is available online, as well as in a printer-friendly PDF version. Datasheets for collecting monitoring information are also available.
- The Volunteer Monitor: Invasive Species - The Spring 2009 edition of this newsletter is focused on aquatic invasive species, including CZM’s efforts to monitor for marine invasive species (page 17).
Rapid Assessment Surveys
- Marine Invaders of the Northeast - This 2003 report published by the MIT Sea Grant College Program summarizes the results of the 2003 Rapid Assessment Survey.
- Report on the 2010 Rapid Assessment Survey of Marine Species at New England Floating Docks and Rocky Shores file size 9MB - This report published by CZM in 2013 summarizes the results of the 2010 Rapid Assessment Survey to identify non-native and cryptogenic species (species with as yet unresolved origins) at 20 sites from Rhode Island to Maine.
- Report on the 2013 Rapid Assessment Survey of Marine Species at New England Bays and Harbors file size 53MB - This report published by CZM in 2014 summarizes the results of the 2013 Rapid Assessment Survey to identify non-native and cryptogenic species (species with as yet unresolved origins) at 18 sites from Rhode Island to Maine.
- There Goes the Neighborhood: The 2003 Northeast Invasive Species Survey - This article on page 56 of the Winter 2004/2005 Coastlines file size 32MB discusses the August 2003 rapid assessment survey of invasive marine species conducted along the Massachusetts coastline.
- Codium Up, Eelgrass Down: Invasives Impact Buzzards Bay - This article on page 59 of the 2007 Coastlines file size 38MB discusses the impact of the invasive Codium alga on eelgrass habitat.
- CZ-Tip - Learn to Spot, and Deal with, the Aliens in Our Midst - This web page discusses steps that citizens can take to reduce the spread of invasive species.
- Protect Your Pet, Preserve the Environment, Don't Release Exotic Species! file size 1MB - This brochure for pet owners explains the importance of not releasing aquarium pets or plants into the environment.