There are a variety of possible public funding sources for community projects aiming to reduce risk to life and property. They include:

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs.

For an overview of what types of projects are covered by each grant program, see this FEMA table pdf format of FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grants Elligibility Table
. For additional information on the HMGP, FMA, and PDM grant programs, see the State's Hazard Mitigation Grants web page. This page links to application instructions and FEMA guidance for applicants. In Massachusetts, these programs are administered by the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) and Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). Questions? Contact Sarah White, Mitigation Unit Supervisor, Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency, at (508) 820-2053 or

The Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs' (EEA) Grant and Loan Guide provides descriptions, applications, deadlines, and eligibility criteria for most grant programs administered by EEA and its agencies. The Massachusetts Division of Conservation Services (DCS) offers grants for acquisition of conservation and recreation land. The DCS website includes guidance and descriptions of past projects. EEA also offers grants and loans for repair or removal of publicly owned seawalls and other forms of flood control. See the Dam and Seawall Repair and Removal Fund web page for information on the types of projects that have been funded, the rules and regulations for administration and implementation of the Fund, and alternative funding sources. The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) administers the Coastal Community Resilience Grant Program to provide municipalities with financial and technical resources to advance new and innovative local efforts to increase awareness of climate impacts, identify vulnerabilities, and implement measures to increase community resilience.

Patchwork Quilt: Planning and Building Livable, Safe and Sustainable Communities includes an excellent description of many sources of funds available to assist in a range of activities, from rebuilding after a disaster, mitigating hazards before a disaster, funding for hazard mitigation planning, economic revitalization and community assistance, to infrastructure and housing assistance.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Coastal Services Center maintains a list of grant announcements and provides links to additional NOAA, other federal agency, and nonprofit funding. Other opportunities focus on the following four categories:

United States Army Corps of Engineers provides technical services and planning guidance for a broad range of public activities in New England, including:

For additional information, see the New England District's website. provides an exhaustive searchable list of available federal grants.