Activity & Breeding
Moose are mostly active between dawn and dusk. The breeding period for moose runs September through October. This is one of the seasons when many moose sightings are reported. The bull stays with the cow only long enough to breed then he leaves in pursuit of another cow. Both bulls and cows travel more during this time in pursuit of a mate. Females can breed as early as 1 ½ years of age.
The other period of high moose activity is in May, when the young of the past year are leaving the adult cow before she calves. Cows usually give birth in late May through June to only one calf per year, twins are unusual. Moose calves weigh 20-25 pounds at birth with reddish fur. By fall they will have gained nearly 300 pounds!
Moose, like deer, lack a set of upper incisors; they strip off browse and bark rather than snipping it neatly. During summer, moose prefer to feed in or near clearings and other open areas where they browse on tender leaves, twigs and tree bark as well as aquatic and semi-aquatic vegetation. Grasses, lichens, mosses, mushrooms and other herbaceous plants are also a part of their diet. In the summer, moose tend to seek food and relief from flies and mosquitoes by spending time in wetlands.
Winter food mostly consists of needle bearing trees and hardwood bark, buds and twigs.