Advisories | Reports | Links

Past Projects

MarineFisheries has been at the fore-front of investigations into the threat of fixed fishing gear to whales, as well as improvements into the durability and use of gear that reduces the threat of entanglement.  The use of sinking groundline reduces the profile of line in the water column, thus reducing the risk of entanglement for large whales. However, sinking groundline has drawbacks for fishermen, who report that it causes more hang-downs, chafes from contact with the ocean floor, and wears out faster than floating line.  MarineFisheries and the Atlantic Offshore Lobstermen’s Association partnered from 2003 to 2009 to study ways to improve the durability of sinking line, thus increasing the lifespan of sinking groundline and reducing the potential for lost gear. The scope of those groundline investigations grew considerably over the life of the project.  With an eye on lobstermen’s bottom line, these projects yielded practical results for the industry.

  • Use of Gear-Hauling Simulator to Test Durability of Groundline
  • Offshore Field-testing of Sinking Groundlines
  • Visual and Microscopic Analysis of Rope Damage
  • Adjusting the Hauling System to Reduce Rope Damage
  • A Study of the Underwater Profile of Lobster Trawl Groundlines using SCUBA
  • Scale Modeling of Fixed Gear Buoyline Profiles
  • Using Loggers to Profile the Dynamics of Fixed Gear
  • Buy-back Program for Floating Groundline
  • Use of Sonar to Evaluate Compliance with Sinking Groundline
  • Sinking Groundline Discussion Forum
  • Field-testing of Polyurethane Sheaves to Reduce Wear on Sinking Groundlines

The following links are especially relevant to Marine Fisheries Right Whale Conservation & Monitoring efforts:

Advisories

4/15/2011 - High Risk Area for Right Whales Around Provincetown  pdf format of High Risk Area for Right Whales Around Provincetown

Reports

** These files may take a long time to download on slower connections

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2010 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2010
file size 2MB **
Karen Stamieszkin, Laura Ganley, Charles A. Mayo, Ruth H. Leeney, and Marilyn K. Marx

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2009 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2009
file size 5MB **
Ruth H. Leeney, Karen Stamieszkin, Charles A. Mayo, and Marilyn K. Marx

Final Report on a Project Designed to Reduce Damage to Sinking Groundlines by Adjusting Lobster Gear Hauling Equipment  pdf format of Reduce Damage to Groundlines by Lobster Gear Hauling
file size 1MB
Richard Allen, Erin Burke, Dan McKiernan and Bonnie Spinazzola.

2007 Cape Cod Bay Ghost Gear Removal Project  pdf format of 2007 Cape Cod Bay Ghost Gear Removal Project
Erin Burke.

Visual and scanning electron microscopy investigation and tensile testing to estimate residual tensile strength of a selection of lobster lines  pdf format of Visual & Scanning Electron Microscopy Investigation
file size 1MB
Tesion Technology International Ltd. for MA Division of Marine Fisheries

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2008 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2008
file size 9MB **
Ruth H. Leeney, Karen Stamieszkin, Nathalie Jaquet, Charles A. Mayo, David Osterberg and Marilyn K. Marx

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2007 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2007
file size 12MB **
Nathalie Jaquet, Charles A. Mayo, David Osterberg, Cynthia L. Browning and Marilyn K. Marx.

Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries Right Whale Conservation Program: 2006 Projects and Accomplishments  pdf format of DMF Right Whale Conservation Program 2006
file size 1MB **
Erin Burke and Dan McKiernan.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2006 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2006
file size 8MB **
Nathalie Jaquet, Charles A. Mayo, David Osterberg, Owen C. Nichols, and Cynthia L. Browning.

Non-Buoyant Lobster Line Specification  pdf format of Non-Buoyant Lobster Line Specification
Tension Technology International Inc. for Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries.

Analysis of Non-Buoyant Lobster Lines: New, Used and Machine Tested  pdf format of Analysis of Non-Buoyant Lobster Lines
Technology International Inc. for Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries and Atlantic Offshore Lobstermen's Association.

Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries Right Whale Conservation Program: 2005 Projects and Accomplishments  pdf format of DMF Right Whale Conservation Program 2005
**
Erin Burke and Dan McKiernan.

Report on 2004 Activities and Action Plan to Protect Northern Right Whales: Implementation of the Commonwealth's Right Whale Conservation Plan  pdf format of Activites & Action Plan Protect Northern Right Whale
file size 6MB **
Ed Lyman and Dan McKiernan.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2005 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2005
file size 6MB **
Nathalie Jaquet, Charles A. Mayo, Owen C. Nichols, Moriah K. Bessinger, David Osterberg, Marilyn K. Marx, and Cynthia L. Browning.

Report on 2003 Activities and Action Plan to Protect Northern Right Whales: Implementation of the Commonwealth's Right Whale Conservation Plan  pdf format of Plan to Protect Northern Right Whales 2003
Ed Lyman and Dan McKiernan.

Evaluation of the Performance, Characteristics, and Economic Feasibility of Non-Buoyant Rope for Groundlines in the Atlantic Offshore Lobster Fishery. Phase 1: Development of Line Tester and Protocols, and Preliminary Testing of Lines  pdf format of Evaluate of the Performance, Characteristics & Economic
Ed Lyman, Erin Burke, Dan McKiernan, Richard Allen, Bonnie Spinazzola, and John Kenney

Scale Modeling of Fixed-Fishing Gear to Compare and Quantify Differently Configured Buoyline and Groundline Profiles: An Investigation of Entanglement Threat. pdf format of TR-22
file size 1MB **
Lyman, E.G. and D.J. McKiernan. 2005. TR-22.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2004 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2004
file size 4MB **
Charles A. Mayo, Owen C. Nichols, Moriah K. Bessinger, Cynthia L. Browning, Center for Coastal Studies, and Marilyn K. Marx, and Moira W. Brown, New England Aquarium.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2003 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2003
file size 7MB **
Moira W. Brown, Owen C. Nichols, Moriah K. Bessinger, and Charles A. Mayo, Center for Coastal Studies, and Marilyn K. Marx, New England Aquarium.

A Study of the Underwater Profiles of Lobster Trawl Ground Lines  pdf format of Underwater Profiles of Lobster Trawl Ground Lines
by Daniel McKiernan, Michael Pol and Vincent Malkoski, Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries.

Surveillance of North Atlantic Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay and Adjacent Waters - 2002 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance of North Atlantic Right Whales 2002 Report
file size 2MB **
by Moira W. Brown and Owen Nichols, Center for Coastal Studies and Marilyn K. Marx and Jacqueline N. Ciano, New England Aquarium.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales, Eubalaena glacialis, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts: January to Mid-May, 2001 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2001
by Moira W. Brown and Owen Nichols, Center for Coastal Studies and Marilyn K. Marx, New England Aquarium The figures referenced in this document are links to the file location of the figures.

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales, Eubalaena glacialis, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts: January to Mid-May, 2000 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 2000
file size 4MB **
by Moira W. Brown, Center for Coastal Studies and Marilyn K. Marx, New England Aquarium

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales, Eubalaena glacialis, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts: January to Mid-May, 1999 - Final Report  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 1999
file size 3MB ** 
by Moira W. Brown, Center for Coastal Studies and Marilyn K. Marx, New England Aquarium

Surveillance, Monitoring and Management of North Atlantic Right Whales, Eubalaena glacialis, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts: January to Mid-May, 1998  pdf format of Surveillance, Monitoring & Mgt of North Atlantic 1998
file size 2MB **
by Moira W. Brown and Marilyn K. Marx

Links

Bioacoustic Research Program, Cornell University

Right Whale Listening Network

Center for Coastal Studies

NMFS-Broadcasted Right Whale Sightings Advisories

NMFS Protected Species - Right Whale

 

Other

DMF Comment Letter on Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) on Vertical Line Reduction Rule pdf format of Vertical Line Reduction Rule Comments
(6/16/14)