Historically, Kingston Bay boasted a thriving shellfishing industry but deteriorating water quality resulted in restrictions on shellfish harvesting of 1,294 acres in Kingston Bay (Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries growing area CCB43). For years the Town of Kingston had been looking for ways to improve water quality with the ultimate aim of lifting the prohibitions on shellfish harvesting. In 2011, with funding from the Mass Bays Research and Planning Grant, the Town conducted the first of a multi-phase project that established baseline water quality conditions and developed preliminary design plans from which prioritized stormwater remediation projects were implemented. The feasibility of installing best management practices (BMPs) at stormwater outfalls that discharge into the Jones River and Kingston Bay was evaluated. Based on water quality, local site conditions, and proximity of the site to the Bay, conceptual designs for BMPs were developed for ten sites and detailed engineering designs were developed for the two most promising sites: Delano Avenue and Town Landing.
The project, results and recommendations are described in detail in the final report: Jones River Estuary and Kingston Bay Assessment Project, Town of Kingston. ATP Environmental. 2011.
In 2012, using the plans and data developed from the Mass Bays funded study, Kingston successfully obtained funding from a 604b Water Quality Management Planning grant to conduct more detailed stormwater assessments and to develop BMP designs for the other priority outfalls identified through the Mass Bays funded work. Additionally the Town secured funding from the Office of Coastal Zone Management's Coastal Pollutant Remediation (CPR) program to implement the BMPs at Delano Avenue and a portion of the BMPs at Town Landing (completed rain garden pictured at right). The BMPs at the Delano Street project included construction of drains, catch basins and two raingardens. Stormwater is now redirected away from the beach and the estuary, thereby eliminating pollutants from waterways. The town is pleased with the improvements at the sites frequently used as access for swimming, boating, walking, and other recreational activities. Planning is moving ahead for monitoring to inform the identification of future remediation locations.