The following links and/or electronic or hard copy versions of the following articles and reports* were received as part of the public comment period. This bibliography consists of: 31 reports, 25 journal articles, 11 government documents, 4 conference proceedings, 2 conference papers, 3 audio-visual presentations, and 1 data set. See our Important Note.

  1. Baidya, R. S. (2011). "Simulating impacts of wind farms on local hydrometeorology." Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics.
  2. Berglund, B. (1995). Community Noise. Archives of the Centre for Sensory Research Vol. 2, Issue 1. World Health Organization.
  3. Berglund, B. (1996). Sources and Effects of Low-Frequency Noise. Jour. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99(5): 2985-3002.
  4. Bolton, R. H. (2007). Evaluation of Environmental Shadow Flicker Analysis for "Dutch Hill Wind Power Project" (PDF)
  5. Bowdler, D. (2008). "Amplitude Modulation of Wind Turbine Noise: A Review of Evidence." Institute of Acoustics Bulletin 33(4): 31-41 (PDF)
  6. Branco, N. A. A. C. A.-P., M. (2004). "Vibroacoustic disease." Noise & Health 6(23): 3-20. (PDF)
  7. Bronzaft, A. L. (2011). "The Noise From Wind Turbines: Potential Adverse Impacts on Children's Well-Being." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 291-295.
  8. Chief Medical Officer of Health (CMOH) Report, O. (2010). The Potential Health Impact of Wind Turbines. (PDF)
  9. CLF Ventures, I. (2011). Land-based Wind Energy: A Guide to Understanding the Issues and Making Informed Decisions. (PDF)
  10. Colby, W. D., et al. (2009). Wind Turbine Sound & Health Effects - An Expert Panel Review. (PDF)
  11. Committee, Town of Union Large Wind Turbine Citizens (2008). Setback Recommendations Report. (PDF)
  12. Congressional Research Service. (2008).  Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues.
  13. Consulting, S. A. (2010). White Rock Wind Farm Environmental Noise Assessment. (PDF)
  14. Council, Australian National Health and Medical Research (2010). NHMRC Public Statement: Wind Turbines and Health. (PDF)
  15. Council, Australian National Health and Medical Research (2010). Wind Turbines and Health - A Rapid Review of Evidence.
  16. Council, Kansas Energy (2005). Wind Energy Siting Handbook: Guideline Options for Kansas Cities and Counties. (PDF)
  17. Cummings, J. (2011). Wind Farm Noise 2011 - Science and Policy Overview.
  18. Delyukov, A. A., & Didyk, L. (1999). "The effects of extra-low frequency atmospheric pressure oscillations on human mental activity." International Journal of Biometeorology 43(1): 31-37.
  19. Energy, U. S. D. o. (2008). Workshop Report: Research Needs for Wind Resource Characterization.
  20. Environment, Harvard Medical School Center for Health and the Global (2011). Mining Coal, Mounting Costs: The Life Cycle Consequences of Coal.
  21. Fray, B. J., & Hadden, P.J. (2007). Noise Radiation from Wind Turbines Installed Near Homes: Effects on Health. (PDF)
  22. Harding, G., Harding, P. & Wilkins, A. Wind turbines, flicker, and photosensitive epilepsy: Characterizing the flashing that may precipitate seizures and optimizing guidelines to prevent them. Epilepsia: 49(6): 1095-1098.
  23. Harrison, J. (2010). The Global Wind Industry and Adverse Health Effects: Loss of Social Justice? International Symposium on Adverse Health Effects from Wind Turbines, Picton, Ontario, Canada. (PDF)
  24. Harrison, J. (2011). "Wind Turbine Noise." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 256-261.
  25. Holland, R. (2004). Wind Turbines Wake Turbulence and Separation. Wind Turbine Wakes- Control and Vortex Shedding. D. Medici, KTH Mechanics Royal Institute. (PDF)
  26. Hoppe, P., et al. (2002). "Prevalence of Weather Sensitivity in Germany." Deutsche Med. Wochenschr. 127(1-2): 15-20.
  27. Hubbard H.H. & Shepherd, K. P. (1991). Aeroacoustics of Large Wind Turbines. NASA Technical Papers.
  28. ISO New England, I. (2009). 2007 New England Marginal Emission Rate Analysis.
  29. Jakobsen, J. (2005). Infrasound Emission from Wind Turbines. Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control. 24(3): 145-155.
  30. Kollman, J. (2010). Potential Health Impacts of Wind Turbines. (PDF)
  31. Krogh, C. M. E. (2011). "Industrial Wind Turbine Development and Loss of Social Justice." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 321-333.
  32. Krogh, C. M. E., et. al. (2011). "Wind VOiCe, a Self-Reporting Survey: Adverse Health Effects, Industrial Wind Turbines, and the Need for Vigilance Monitoring." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 334-345.
  33. L.J. Koehnen & Associates, I. (2004). Wind Farms and Their Effects on Public Safety Radio Systems. (PDF)
  34. Leventhall, G., Pelmear, P., & Benton, S. (2003). A Review of Published Research on Low Frequency Noise and its Effects:Report for DEFRA.
  35. Leventhall, G., Benton, S, & Robertson, D. (2005). Coping Strategies for Low Frequency Noise, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, U.K. (PDF)
  36. Massachusetts, R. E. R. L.-U. o. Wind Power in Mattapoisett, Marion & Rochester: Siting Considerations for a Met Tower and Fatal Flaws Analysis for a Wind Turbine. (PDF)
  37. McMurtry, R. Y. (2011). "Toward a Case Definition of Adverse Health Effects in the Environs of Industrial Wind Turbines: Facilitating a Clinical Diagnosis." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 316-320.
  38. Medici, D. A., P.H. (2006). "Measurements on a wind turbine wake: 3D effects and bluff body vortex shedding." Wind Energy 9(3): 219-236.
  39. Minnesota, D. o. H.-E. H. D. (2009). Public Health Impacts of Wind Turbines. (PDF)
  40. Moller, H. P., C.S. (2011). "Low-frequency noise from large wind turbines." Acoustical Society of America 129(6): 3727-3744. (PDF)
  41. Moorhouse, A., Waddington, D. & Adams, M. (2005). Procedure for the assessment of low frequency noise complaints, Acoustic Research Centre, Salford University.
  42. N.O.A.A. (2011). Turbine Wake and Inflow Characterization Study - MOU, NOAA & DOE.
  43. N.O.A.A., D. O. E. (2011). Memorandum of Understanding on Weather-dependent and Oceanic Renewable Energy Resources. (PDF)
  44. Ohio Department of Health. (2008). Summary Report: Literature Search on the Potential Health Impacts Associated with Wind-to-Energy Turbine Operations. (PDF)
  45. Ontario, M. o. t. E. (2009). Development of Noise Setbacks for Wind Farms - Requirements for Compliance with MOE Noise Limits.
  46. Palmer, B. (2011). Brief Post Conference Oversight. Wind Turbine Noise 2011, Rome, Italy. (PDF)
  47. Pedersen, E. (2003). Noise Annoyance from Wind Turbines - A Review. (PDF)
  48. Phillips, C. V. (2010). Analysis of the Epidemiology and Related Evidence on the Health Effects of Wind Turbines on Local Residents,
  49. Phillips, C. V. (2011). "Properly Interpreting the Epidemiologic Evidence about the Health Effects of Industrial Wind Turbines on Nearby Residents." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31(4): 303-315.(PDF)
  50. Protection, E. C. o. H. C. (2007). Possible effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) on Human Health.
  51. Punch, J., James, R. & Pabst, D. (2010). Wind Turbine Noise: What Audiologists Should Know, Audiology Today. Jul/Aug. 2010.(PDF)
  52. Reis, C. et al., (2011) Methods to develop an 'Acoustic Quality' Metric for wind turbine effects, Prepared by Noise Control Engineering, Inc.
  53. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts. (2006). Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise. (PDF)
  54. Roberts, M., & Roberts, J. (2009). Evaluation of the Scientific Literature on the Health Effects Associated with Wind Turbines and Low Frequency Sound. (PDF)
  55. Salt, A. N. (2010). Infrasound: Your ears "hear" it but they don't tell your brain. Symposium on Adverse Health Effects of Industrial Wind Turbines.
  56. Salt, A.N, Hullar, T.E. (2010) "Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbines." Hearing Research 268: 12-21.
  57. Salt, A. N. K., J.A. (2011). "Infrasound From Wind Turbines Could Affect Humans." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31(4): 296-302.
  58. Schienle, A., Stark, R. & Vaitl, D. (1998). "Biological Effects of Very Low Frequency (VLF) Atmospherics in Humans: A Review." Journal of Scientific Exploration 12(3): 455-468.
  59. Sciences, N. A. o. (2007). Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects.
  60. Seifert, H., Westerhellweg, A. & Kroning, J. (2003). Risk Analysis of Ice Throw from Wind Turbines. BOREAS 6. Pyha, Finland.
  61. Services, N. M. (2010). Noise Impact Assessment Report Waubra Wind Farm - Mr & Mrs. Dean Report No. 1537. (PDF)
  62. Shaw, W. J., Lundquist, J.K., & Schreck, S.J. (2009). Research Needs for Wind Resource Characterization. American Meteorology Society. (PDF)
  63. Stelling, K. (2009). Summary of Recent Research on Adverse Health Effects of Wind Turbines. (PDF)
  64. Swinbanks, M. A. (2011). The Audibility of Low Frequency Wind Turbine Noise. Fourth International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise. Rome Italy.(PDF)
  65. Thorne, B. (2011). "The Problems with "Noise Numbers" for Wind Farm Noise Assessment." Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 31: 262-290. (PDF)
  66. Thorne, R., & Shepherd, D. (2011). Wind Turbine Noise: why accurate prediction and measurement matter. Proceedings of ACOUSTICS (PDF)
  67. Town of Bethany, N. Y. (2005). "Report from the Bethany Wind Turbine Study Committee." (PDF)
  68. Van den Berg, G. P. (2004). Do wind turbines produce significant low frequency sound levels? Low Frequency Noise and Vibration and its Control. Maastrict Netherlands. 11th International Meeting. (PDF)
  69. Van den Berg, G.P. (2003). Effects of the wind profile at night on wind turbine sound. Journal of Sound and Vibration (PDF)
  70. Van den Berg, G.P. (2005). The Beat is Getting Stronger: The Effect of Atmospheric Stability on Low Frequency Modulated Sound of Wind Turbines. Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibrations and Active Control. (PDF)
  71. Windfarms, C. (2011). "Wind Turbine Accidents." (PDF)
  72. World Health Organization. (1999). Guidelines for Community Noise. (PDF)
  73. World Health Organization. (2009). Night Noise Guidelines for Europe. (PDF)

* Articles & Reports are a subset of material received that are either journal articles or were submitted to the Docket by multiple commenters.

Important Note: The links above were collected from those received as part of the public comment process.  They direct to third party sites which have no affiliation with MassDEP. The presence of these links does not represent any endorsement of the content found on these sites. In addition, MassDEP has no responsibility or liability for the content or activities on these sites. We are not responsible for outdated or broken links or for links to inappropriate material or cross-linking. Please report any issues to MassDEP.