More Than 2,400 Tons of Pollutants Eliminated from Refrigerated Trailers, Diesel Trucks in Patrick Administration's 'MassCleanDiesel' Program
BOSTON - As a result of the first round of the Patrick Administration's $983,907 MassCleanDiesel: Clean Markets Program, 25 trucking and food service companies were able to eliminate 2,400 tons of pollutant emissions from their diesel refrigerated trailers and long-haul trucks, collectively saving $707,623 in fuel costs in the process.
"Under our Clean Markets Program, harmful diesel emissions are greatly reduced and less diesel fuel is used," said Energy and Environmental Affairs Secretary Rick Sullivan. "This means the air is cleaner for all of us and truckers and private companies have to spend less money on fuel to accomplish their business within the Commonwealth."
The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) offered the grants to trucking and refrigeration companies serving wholesale food markets, distribution centers, and warehouses. MassDEP targeted these centers for pollution reductions because long-haul trucks and storage trailers run their diesel engines to refrigerate their products while waiting to unload at one of these types of facilities. Some of the markets, such as the Fisherman's Market in New Bedford, are located in dense, urban areas; operating diesel engines under these conditions can have a significant impact on the air quality in adjacent communities.
"Our children are our future, and these MassCleanDiesel programs help ensure that the next generation has a vital, healthy environment in which to grow up," said MassDEP Commissioner Kenneth Kimmell. "Every company receiving these technologies should be proud to have participated in a program that is making meaningful contributions to the effort to clean up the air we breathe."
Companies were eligible to receive three types of technologies under the program - auxiliary power units (APUs), electric transportation refrigeration units (eTRUs), and diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs) to help reduce diesel emissions from their engines.
APUs are small, 30-horsepower engines that provide power for air conditioning, heat, and electrical service for freight trucks. Typically installed behind a truck's driver cab, APUs enable truckers to shut down the main engine, which consumes more fuel and emits more pollution.
eTRUs are electric versions of diesel-fueled TRUs and are installed on a trailer to provide refrigeration for perishable products. eTRUs provide the same services as diesel TRUs, but are connected to the electric grid and do not use diesel fuel.
DOCs are exhaust after-treatment devices that employ a catalyst to break down pollutants in the exhaust stream into less harmful components. The reduced pollutants include fine particulate matter (PM2.5), hydrocarbons (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO).
Each technology reduces diesel PM2.5 emissions by at least 20 percent. Collectively, this means that PM2.5 emissions will be reduced by more than nine tons each year as a result of the installation of the three technologies on the 75 trucks and trailers in this program. PM2.5 is a pollutant that has been implicated in the state's high pediatric asthma rate and is considered a probable carcinogen. One in 10 Massachusetts children at the elementary and middle school level has been diagnosed with asthma, according to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Massachusetts' asthma rate remains one of the highest in the nation.
All three technologies also decrease annual HC emissions by 14 tons and CO emissions by more than 42 tons. HC contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone (or smog) and exposure to smog is associated with increased hospital admissions for respiratory distress, such as bronchitis, while exposure to CO may cause headaches and nausea.
The reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2), one of many pollutants responsible for global warming, were by far the most significant. M.J. Bradley & Associates, a consulting firm working for MassDEP, determined that 2,348 tons of CO2 will be reduced each year that the trucks and storage trailers continue to operate (an estimated 12 years for an eTRU and 15 years for an APU and retrofit).
APUs and eTRUs also significantly reduce diesel fuel use, providing an economic boost to
truckers paying premium costs for diesel fuel. With an APU, a trucker can save an average of $6,289 a year in reduced fuel use, based on an estimated 2,000 hours of operation at $3.91 for a gallon of diesel fuel. Depending on the annual number of hours of operation, an eTRU user, on average, can save more than $10,800 a year.
In total, APUs and DOCs worth $267,661were installed on 23 long-haul trucks owned by 14 hauling companies and individuals, and eTRUs worth $716,246 were installed on 52 stationary trailers owned by 11 food refrigeration companies. The following companies received these technologies:
- 4M Fruit Distributors, Everett: six eTRUs for $86,810
- Boston Sword & Tuna, Inc., Boston: one eTRU for $9,116
- Bramante Seafood, Inc., Boston: one eTRU for $14,408
- Brascold Transport, Inc., Taunton: one APU and DOC for $13,886
- Brazport Transportation, Raynham: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Channel Fish Company, Inc., East Boston: one eTRU for $12,957
- CJ&J Leasing Corporation, Haverhill: 20 eTRUs for $288,150
- DB Trucking Company, Lakeville: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- DEA Logistics, Inc., Bourne: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Osman DeSousa d/b/a BHZ Transport, Centerville: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Suami Dias, Leominster: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Jediael Dos Santos, Abington: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Foster Hill Transport, LLC, West Brookfield: seven APUs and DOCs for $78,154
- Alfonso Francisco, Hyde Park: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Great Eastern Seafood, Inc., Boston: two eTRUs for $27,189
- GSD Refrigerated Leasing, Saugus: four eTRUs for $57,630
- Jason's Trucking, Bellingham: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- JK Transporter, Framingham: one APU and DOC for $16,592
- MCA Express/Marcio C. Araujo, Framingham: one APU and DOC for $13,886
- Oak Hill Developers, Inc., Webster: one APU and DOC for $11,165
- Porter-Cooler Rentals, Swansea: 10 eTRUs for $138,570
- Pray Trucking, Inc., Seekonk: one eTRU for $13,910
- Richie's Classic Italian Ice, Everett: one eTRU for $14,408
- Rohtstein Corporation, Woburn: five eTRUs for $53,100
- Eduardo Romeiro, Abington: four APUs and DOCs for $44,659
The grants subsidized all or part of the costs involved with the purchase and installation of the technologies. MassDEP funded 75 percent of the cost of the eTRUs and 100 percent of the DOCs and APUs. The MassDEP grant program is funded by the federal Diesel Emissions Reduction Act and an environmental enforcement settlement between the American Electric Power Company and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
MassDEP contracted with three pollution control equipment vendors - New England Detroit Diesel-Allison (NEDDA) of Wakefield, Shuster Corporation of New Bedford, and Zanotti East, Inc. of Saugus - to install the equipment.
In addition to the Fish Market in New Bedford, the markets benefitting from the technologies include:
- Americold Logistics, Inc. of Boston and Taunton
- Bionostics, Inc. of Devens
- Boston Baking of Hyde Park
- Boston Salad Company of Boston
- Cambridge Packing Company of Boston
- Crosby's Market in Concord
- Eastern Fisheries, Inc. of New Bedford
- East-West Foods of Lynn
- H&M Bay, Inc. of Uxbridge
- Kyler Seafood of New Bedford
- Laronga's Bakery of Somerville
- Madico, Inc. of Woburn
- Marlees Seafood, LLC of New Bedford
- ]New England Produce Center in Chelsea
- Ocean Fruit Fisheries of New Bedford
- On a Roll Sales, LLC of Brockton
- Pioneer Cold Logistics of Chicopee
- Reinhart Food Service, LLC of New Bedford
- Sea Trade International Company, Inc. of New Bedford
- Sharon Food Distributors, Inc. of Boston
- Shaw's Supermarkets of Methuen
- Solo Produce in Everett
- Stop & Shop Supermarkets in Dorchester, Framingham, Hingham, Quincy, Sandwich, Seekonk, and Wareham
MassDEP has a long history of administering grant programs designed to reduce diesel emissions for Massachusetts residents. The MassCleanDiesel: Clean Markets Program is MassDEP's eighth diesel emission reduction grant program. MassDEP has funded the installation of emission reduction technologies in more than 2,100 diesel school buses owned by municipalities and private bus companies, 23 municipal construction engines, 205 waste collection and recycling vehicles and 342 state-owned highway vehicles.
MassDEP has also funded change-outs of 18 head-end power engines owned by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, resulting in lower diesel emissions for commuter rail riders. A 2008 grant program funded a substantial portion of several new diesel hybrid vehicles that were purchased by National Grid, NSTAR Electric and Gas, New Berm Transport (a subsidiary of Pepsi Beverages Company), Cambridge Landscape Company of Cambridge, and the John Lucas Tree Expert Company of Portland, Maine. All 11 hybrid vehicles operate in Massachusetts.
MassDEP is responsible for ensuring clean air and water, safe management and recycling of solid and hazardous wastes, timely cleanup of hazardous waste sites and spills, and the preservation of wetlands and coastal resources.