Permit Fact Sheet
1. What is an “asbestos abatement” and what rules govern this work?
An asbestos abatement includes all the activities associated with the removal, encapsulation, demolition, renovation, enclosure, repair, disturbance, handling, transportation, storage, or disposal of asbestos-containing material or asbestos-containing waste material or any other activity involving asbestos-containing material or asbestos-containing waste material that has the potential to result in a condition of air pollution. This definition does not include survey, sampling, analysis, monitoring, or visual inspection activities. The MassDEP Asbestos Regulation (310 CMR 7.15) defines key terms:
- Asbestos means all asbestiform varieties of serpentinite (chrysotile), riebeckite (crocidolite), cummingtonite-grunerite- (amosite), anthophyllite, actinolite and tremolite, and any other asbestiform minerals designated as asbestos by EPA in 40 CFR 61.141.
- Asbestos-Containing Material means any material containing 1% or more asbestos as determined by a laboratory using protocols set forth in the “Method for the Determination of Asbestos in Bulk Building Materials” found in EPA report EPA/600/R-93/116, or another method as directed by the Department. This term includes, but is not limited to, sprayed-on and troweled-on materials applied to ceilings, walls, and other surfaces; insulation on pipes, boilers, tanks, ducts, and other equipment, structural and non-structural members; tiles; asphalt roofing or siding materials; or asbestos-containing paper.
- Asbestos-Containing Waste Material means any ACM removed during a demolition or renovation project and anything contaminated with asbestos in the course of a demolition or renovation project including, but not limited to, asbestos waste from control devices, bags or containers that previously contained asbestos, contaminated clothing, materials used to enclose the work area during the demolition or renovation operation, and demolition or renovation debris. This definition shall also include ACM on and/or in facility components that are inoperable or have been taken out of service and any ACM that is damaged or deteriorated to the point where it is no longer attached as originally applied or is no longer serving the intended purpose for which it was originally installed.
In addition to MassDEP’s regulation at 310 CMR 7.15, the Department of Labor Standards (DLS) also establishes notification requirements and work practice standards at 453 CMR 6.00. The MassDEP and DLS regulations are designed to protect public health, worker safety, and the environment, by ensure that asbestos will not be released to indoor and outdoor air during demolition or renovation work. The MassDEP also regulates the disposal of asbestos-containing waste material (ACWM).
2. What are the Commonwealth's notification requirements for asbestos removal?
Submitting a notification form for asbestos abatement work is required by both MassDEP and DLS. Under 310 CMR 7.15, MassDEP requires notification 10 working days (working days do not include Saturdays, Sundays or holidays) before the start of work involving the removal of any amount of asbestos-containing material. Under 453 CMR 6.12, DLS requires notification 10 calendar days before all work involving the abatement (removal, encapsulation or enclosure) of asbestos in amounts greater than three square feet or three linear feet.
Because the waiting period specified by the MassDEP regulation is longer than the period specified by the DLS regulation, satisfying the MassDEP waiting period requirement also satisfies the DLS waiting period requirement.
3. Who must notify?
A notification must be filed for each asbestos abatement job in Massachusetts. MassDEP allows the notification to be filed by the property owner or operator, the licensed asbestos abatement contractor, or another entity performing the asbestos abatement. For DLS notification purposes, the licensed asbestos abatement contractor is required to notify.
4. How do I submit the ANF-001 Notification Form and fee?
Notification must be made on a current version of the MassDEP Asbestos Notification Form (ANF-001), which satisfies the requirements of both MassDEP and DLS regulations. Follow these steps:
- If you have not already done so, register online with eDEP Online Filing . Select “New User” and complete the required steps. It should take no more than five minutes to complete the registration process, and you can begin online filing of your notifications right away.
- The eDEP Asbestos Notification Form and Instructions are available on the MassDEP website: Asbestos & Construction/Demolition Notifications
- When filing via eDEP, you will pay the fee online using a credit card. Please note that “fee decals” are no longer sold and cannot be used to file online.
- When filing electronically through eDEP, your 10-working day waiting period will start when you submit your form, and you will receive an automatic notification that the submittal has been recorded.
If you get an error message after you click “Error Check & Next” at the end of the form that says “License # is not recognized,” please check to make sure you typed the DLS License and Certification Numbers for the asbestos contractor, on-site supervisor/foreman, project monitor, and asbestos analytical lab number correctly. (Please note: Only fill in the fields for the DLS license/certification #’s for questions 6-9 in Section A of the form. The fields with the corresponding names and addresses will be pre-populated when you click “Error Check & Next.”)
If the project does not require the use of a DLS-licensed asbestos contractor, then simply check off the appropriate boxes on the BWP AQ04 (ANF-001) PreForm and when you click “Error Check & Next,” it will automatically pre-populate the asbestos contractor and asbestos supervisor fields (i.e. questions 6 and 7) to reflect work by a “Non Licensed Removal.” For the project monitor and analytical lab information (i.e. questions 8 and 9) for this type of “Non Licensed Removal” situation, you can enter the DLS certification number in the appropriate data field if one of those disciplines will be used on the project. Or if those disciplines will not be used, then you can simply enter “N/A” in the DLS Certification data fields and leave the “Name” data fields blank.
If you still get an error message pop-up box, please contact the MassDEP data systems group: BAW.eDEP@state.ma.us
Use of the eDEP online notification system ensures that you are using the most current form, and that you have provided all required information. Filing your ANF-001 Notification online via eDEP helps avoid common mistakes. Furthermore, electronic filers can see all of the Construction/Demolition Notification Forms they have submitted on-line by clicking on the “My eDEP” tab in the upper left corner of your log-in screen. In the event that either the project start date or end date changes, triggering the requirement to file a notification revision, the simplest way to do this is by filing a notification revision online via eDEP. (See Question 10 for more information on filing notification revisions.)
If you are unable to use the eDEP online notification system to file your ANF-001, you may file an alternate format (e.g. a paper version of the ANF-001) by emailing a request to BAW.eDEP@state.ma.us. Please include a phone number where you can be reached so that MassDEP can help you in your request. If you have any questions or desire further information about filing electronically through eDEP, please email your inquiry to BAW.eDEP@state.ma.us.
5. What is the notification fee for asbestos removal?
The notification fee required by MassDEP regulations (310 CMR 4.00, Timely Action and Fee Provisions) for asbestos removal is $100 per notification. However, owner-occupied residential properties with four or fewer units, cities, towns, counties, districts of the Commonwealth, municipal housing authorities or other state agencies are not subject to asbestos notification fees.
6. Is the asbestos notification fee refundable?
No. In the event that an asbestos notification is withdrawn, the notification fee will not be refunded.
7. Where can I find DLS License and Certification Numbers for my asbestos contractor, on-site supervisor/foreman, project monitor, and asbestos analytical lab?
These DLS License and Certification numbers need to be typed into your answers to Questions 6-9 in Section A of the ANF-001. Your Asbestos Contractor (who must be identified in your answer to Question 6 in Section A) should supply this information to you. DLS publishes lists of licensed Asbestos Contractors and Asbestos Analytical Service Providers/Labs (please note that these lists are updated approximately every month and may not contain recently issued license or certification numbers, and also may not reflect recent renewals of licenses and certifications).
8. What are the MassDEP’s and DLS’s timelines for reviewing notifications?
After the Asbestos Notification Form ANF-001 is recorded in the eDEP notification system, the form can be reviewed by both agencies. The notifier will be contacted only when the submitted notification form is found to be deficient. When either MassDEP or DLS informs the notifier of deficiencies in the notification form, the notifier may not proceed with the asbestos work for which notification was made and will have 30 calendar days from the date of being informed of the deficiencies in which to respond. Where the notifier responds to the deficiencies in the original notification form within the 30-day period, a second administrative/technical completeness review may be conducted by either agency within the respective 10 working day notification period. The result of the second review will be:
- A determination that the notification is administratively and technically complete, or
- An order to not proceed with the job.
The notifier will be contacted only in the case in which an order is issued to not proceed with the job. Should the notifier wish to pursue asbestos removal on the same site after a stop order has been issued, a new Asbestos Notification Form ANF-001and new notification fee for the job must be submitted to MassDEP.
9. When can I start work?
Work cannot begin until the 10 working days waiting period specified by MassDEP’s regulation has elapsed. Starting an asbestos abatement project before the end of the 10-working day waiting period is a violation of the asbestos regulations and may result in enforcement action, including a civil administrative penalty.
If you cannot wait 10 working days before starting an asbestos project, you must obtain an emergency waiver of the 10-day notification requirement from MassDEP and DLS before starting work (see Question 12 below).
MassDEP’s eDEP system automatically uploads each electronic notification to an Asbestos Project Lookup , which is refreshed every 15 minutes. When you use the Asbestos Project Lookup to check the status of your paper notification, please search for it based on the project’s municipality and street address.
When completing the ANF-001 it is important to identify the date on which you plan to start the asbestos removal project. Please note that you must start work on the “start date” you indicate on the ANF-001. If you are not going to start on that date, you must revise your notification prior to the original start date indicated.
10. Can I revise my Asbestos Notification Form?
Yes. If you plan to change the original start date or completion date indicated in the ANF-001 you have filed, you MUST file a notification revision. There is a $35 fee for each notification revision. You must ensure that your notification revision is received by MassDEP at least one working day prior to the original start date or completion date being changed. Failure to revise your notification if your start date or completion date changes is a violation of MassDEP’s asbestos regulations and may result in enforcement actions, including a civil administrative penalty.
If you are revising your ANF-001 Form to correct deficiencies that MassDEP has identified, please note that your corrected form must be received by MassDEP no later than 30 days after you were notified of the deficiencies. If you want to submit a corrected form more than 30 days after you were notified of deficiencies, you will need to submit a new ANF-001 form and pay a new notification fee.
Note: Some project changes cannot be made using this revision procedure and require the submission of a new notification and fee. See Question #11 below.
11. What project changes require a new asbestos notification and new notification fee?
A new Asbestos Notification Form and payment of a new notification fee is required when any amount of asbestos-containing material above the estimate on the original notification form is planned, and when there is a change in location from that indicated on the original notification form. New notification is also required when an asbestos removal project is postponed more than 30 days from the start date or end date appearing on the original notification form. Finally, a separate notification is required when asbestos removals are scheduled for a single facility but are separated by more than 1 week (e.g., phased implementation with more than 1 week in between phases).
12. What if I need an emergency waiver from the 10 working days notification requirement?
Both MassDEP and DLS may provide authorization for an emergency waiver of the 10 working days notification requirement. To obtain an emergency waiver, you will need to first contact the MassDEP regional office that covers the municipality in which an asbestos abatement project is located to determine whether an emergency waiver is warranted ( Find Your Region ). Where deemed appropriate, MassDEP will issue an emergency waiver number, which can then be used to notify DLS using their online electronic emergency waiver system.
Once a MassDEP emergency waiver number has been assigned, an asbestos contractor can request a waiver of the DLS requirement for a 10 day notification period for EMERGENCY PROJECTS by filling out the online request form located on the DLS home page or here. All requests must be submitted no later than within one working day after the project start date. Fill in all required information and click on SUBMIT. You will instantly receive a confirmation number, followed by an email which contains a printable version of the form. If you have any questions when filing the DLS online request form, please consult with the DLS Boston office at (617) 626-6960.
If both MassDEP and DLS grant an emergency waiver, the contractor or other entity may proceed with the work, once an ANF-001 and fee have been submitted for the specific project (as described in Questions 4 and 5) within one working day of beginning the asbestos abatement activity for which the emergency waiver was granted. When completing the ANF-001, please supply the waiver numbers given by each agency in Section A, Part 17 of the Form. Failure to file the notification with fee payment in a timely manner may result in enforcement actions.
13. How long does an asbestos notification remain in effect?
An asbestos notification remains in effect only until the job completion date specified in the Asbestos Notification Form ANF-001 or in a revised ANF-001.
14. Do I have to notify other governmental agencies?
You may be required to notify the city or town in which the asbestos abatement project is located. Contact local officials (Board of Health and/or Building Department) to ask what notification they require for asbestos removal. Submitting a complete ANF-001 satisfies notification requirements for state and federal agencies. MassDEP has been delegated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to receive notifications required under Federal regulations (NESHAP, 40 CFR Subpart M). Submission of the ANF-001 to MassDEP satisfies EPA asbestos removal notification requirements.
15. What is a “Blanket Permit Project Approval”?
The Blanket Notification Approval provides flexibility in the 10-working day wait period when multiple ANF-001 Notifications are anticipated on a project. A Blanket Notification Approval may be considered under two scenarios:
- an “Limited Maintenance Project Blanket Notification” is designed for facilities where ACM is routinely encountered and where it must be abated immediately without being able to wait for the 10 working-day advance notification period; or
- a Large Scale Asbestos Abatement Project for planned abatement projects that involve the removal of significant quantities of ACM over an extended period of time, and can provide more flexibility in scheduling and sequencing of the work. For more information on this type of notification, see: AQ 05 - Application for Asbestos Blanket Notification Approval
16.What is a “Non-Traditional Asbestos Abatement Work Practice Approval”?
Both MassDEP and DLS issue case-by-case approvals for deviations from the prescribed work practices in their regulations to address situations in which the traditional practices cannot be safely implemented or are significantly impractical (e.g., emergencies involving structurally unsound buildings, fire-damaged structures, and some non-emergency situations such as abatements in areas in close proximity to high voltage electrical conveyance equipment and bulk loading of asbestos-contaminated debris). Work done under an NTWP approval must still be accompanied by an ANF-001 Notification for each abatement activity with reference to the relevant NTWP approval number. For more information on this type of permit, see: AQ 36 - Application for Non-Traditional Asbestos Abatement Work Practice Approval
17. Where can I get copies of the regulations that apply to the Commonwealth's asbestos program?
These regulations include, but are not limited to:
- Asbestos Regulations, 310 CMR 7.00, including 7.09 and 7.15.
- Asbestos Disposal Regulations, 310 CMR 19.06.1
- Massachusetts Contingency Plan waste site cleanup regulations, 310 CMR 40.0000.
- Timely Action and Fee Provisions, 310 CMR 4.00.
- Administrative Penalties Regulations, 310 CMR 5.00.
- Asbestos Regulations, 453 CMR 6.00.
Official copies of MassDEP and DLS regulations may be purchased online, in person, or by mail at the Massachusetts State Bookstore