About Nonpoint Source Pollution
- US EPA: What is Nonpoint Source Pollution?
US EPA's definition of Nonpoint Source Pollution.
- US EPA: What you can do to prevent NPS pollution
US EPA's suggestions for preventing nonpoint source pollution at home and in the community.
Stormwater permitting in Massachusetts and resources for environmentally-sound stormwater management.
The Clean Water Toolkit - NPS Management Manual
- The Clean Water Toolkit - February 2006
Also known as the Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Manual, the Toolkit is in interactive electronic PDF format. It includes information about nonpoint source pollution, a selector tool for choosing appropriate best management practices by criteria and alphabetically, and instructions. The Toolkit is accessible on the Web or as a CD ROM.
Massachusetts Watershed-Based Plans
- Watershed Based Plan Information
The purpose of a Massachusetts Watershed-Based Plan (WBP) is to organize information about Massachusetts's watersheds, and present it in a format that will enhance the development and implementation of projects that will restore water quality and beneficial uses in the Commonwealth.
US EPA's National Menu of Stormwater Best Management Practices
EPA fact sheets about additional Best Management Practices (BMPs) that were not included in the Clean Water Toolkit. These BMPs are equally effective for treatment and mitigation of point source or nonpoint source pollution.
- Best Management Practices (BMP's)
EPA's searchable online database of Stormwater BMPs.
- Compost Blankets
Best Management Practice for construction-site stormwater-runoff control. A compost blanket is a layer of loosely applied composted material placed on the soil in disturbed areas to reduce stormwater runoff and erosion.
- Compost Filter Berms
Best Management Practice for construction-site stormwater-runoff control. A compost filter berm is a dike of compost placed perpendicular to sheet-flow runoff to control erosion in disturbed areas and retain sediment.
- Compost Filter Socks
Best Management Practice for construction-site stormwater-runoff control. A compost filter sock is a type of contained compost filter berm.
- Low Impact Development
Best Management Practice for post-construction stormwater management in new development and redevelopment. Low-Impact Development seeks to control stormwater at its source through the use of green roofs, rain gardens, and other natural methods to absorb stormwater and prevent runoff.
- Porous Pavement
Best Management Practice for post-construction stormwater management in new development and redevelopment. Porous pavement is an asphalt mix with sand that allows water to drain through it.
Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Plan
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan Volume I, Strategic Summary file size 3MB
The Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan is an integrated strategy for preventing, controlling, and reducing pollution from nonpoint sources to protect and improve the quality of the Commonwealth's waters.
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan Volume II, The Nonpoint Source Program and the Watershed Initiative file size 1MB
Describing a five-year cycle for evaluating non-point source impacts in Massachusetts watersheds.
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan Volume III, The Statewide Plan & Goals file size 3MB
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Nonpoint source control-related programs and long-term strategies.
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan Volume IV, The Statewide Plan & Goals
Plan for compiling impairments, other water quality issues, and data and information sources, and recommendations to address the water-quality problems.
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan 2000: Amendments to Volumes I and III, Addition of Volume V
Amendments describing the Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds, Brownfields redevelopment, stormwater BMPs, and more.
Massachusetts Nonpoint Source Management Plan Action Strategies file size 5MB
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Recommended actions for Massachusetts watersheds.
Education in Pollution Prevention
- Northeast States Launch Voluntary Turf Fertilizer Initiative
May 11, 2012
U.S. EPA estimates that roughly half of the nation's water bodies suffer from some level of water pollution caused by excessive amounts of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus entering waterways.
- Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Motor Oil
Proper management and disposal of waste motor oil.
- Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Fertilizing the Lawn
If you use too much fertilizer or apply it at the wrong time, it can easily wash off your lawn or garden into storm drains and then flow into lakes or streams.
- Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Car Washing
Recommendations for minimizing pollution resulting from washing cars.
- Horsekeeping & Water Quality
A set of MassDEP fact sheets that encourage best management practices for landowners with horses. These simple practices can prevent the contamination of water supplies in the Commonwealth.
- Nonpoint Source Pollution Education: Managing Pet Waste
Proper disposal of pet waste.
- Give Your Lake the Blues: Protecting Your Lake from Nonpoint Source Pollution
What you can do to control nonpoint source pollutants including phosphorus, sediment and bacteria that degrade water quality and can negatively affect recreational uses and wildlife habitats.
Unpaved Roads BMP Manual file size 1MB
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Maintaining unpaved roads to prevent stormwater runoff and other water-quality problems.
- Lawns & Landscapes In Your Watershed
Design and care for your landscape, while protecting the health of your family and protecting water resources in your watershed.
Water Quality Regulations
- 314 CMR 2.00: Permit Procedures for Surface Water Discharge Permits (314 CMR 3.00), Groundwater Discharge Permits (314 CMR 5.00), Sewer Extension & Connection Permits (314 CMR 7.00), & Reclaimed Water Permits (314 CMR 20)
Procedures for applying for surface water and groundwater discharge permits, sewer permits, and reclaimed-water-use permits.
- 314 CMR 4.00: Massachusetts Surface Water Quality Standards
Identifying and ensuring minimum standards for surface water quality in Massachusetts, in accordance with the Federal Clean Water Act.
- 314 CMR 9.00: 401 Water Quality Certifications
Ensuring that dredging operations and material comply with the requirements of the Massachusetts Surface Water Quality Standards and the federal Clean Water Act.
Summary of 2008 Stormwater Revisions
Summary of revisions to the Wetlands Protection Act Regulations (310 CMR 10.00) and the Water Quality Certification Regulations (314 CMR 9.00), promulgated in January 2008, updating provisions and applicability of the Massachusetts Stormwater Management Standards.
2008 Stormwater Revisions to 314 CMR 9.00
Summary of revisions to 314 CMR 9.00, effective January 2, 2008, updating provisions and applicability of the Massachusetts Stormwater Management Standards.
- 310 CMR 30.000: Massachusetts Hazardous Waste Regulations
Comprehensive regulations addressing the generation, storage, collection, transport, treatment, disposal, use, reuse and recycling of hazardous waste in Massachusetts, including dredged material.
Stormwater Policies & Guidance
- Emergency Repairs to Structures, Roads, and Facilities Located in Wetland Resource Areas or Buffer Zones, and Waterways
Guidance for homeowners and local officials on authorizing emergency work in the event of a sudden or unforeseen emergency.
Complete Erosion and Sedimentation Control Guidelines: a Guide for Planners, Designers, and Municipal Officials file size 4MB
Best management practices for controlling erosion and sedimentation.
- NPDES Phase II Stormwater Guidance for Meeting Historic Properties Eligibility
Addendum B of the NPDES General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Small MS4s contains guidance for meeting the requirement of historic property protection. MassDEP has summarized Addendum B but recommends that applicants read the entire permit and appendices.
- Municipal Compliance Fact Sheet: Drinking Water
As a senior municipal official representing the interests of your community, you should be aware that the federal Safe Drinking Water Act and the Massachusetts Drinking Water Regulations apply to all public water systems
- NPDES MS4 Stormwater Definitions
Definitions of key terms in NPDES permitting, including "urbanized area," "municipal separate storm sewer," "storm water," and more, taken from the Code of Federal Regulations and originally published in the Federal Register in November 1990.
- Snow Disposal Guidance
MassDEP guidelines for government agencies and private businesses to use in selecting, preparing and maintaining snow disposal sites.
Stormwater Best Management Practice Demonstration Tier II Protocol for Interstate Reciprocity
This document is intended to provide a uniform method for demonstrating stormwater technologies and developing quality-assurance plans for certification or verification of performance claims.
- Massachusetts Stormwater Handbook
Revised and updated in February 2008 in accordance with revisions to the Wetlands regulations, 310 CMR 10.00, and the Water Quality Regulations, 314 CMR 9.00, relating to stormwater.
Wetlands Program Notice to Adopt Method to Convert Stormwater Quality Volume to a Peak Flow Rate
This is a notice that MassDEP is standardizing the computational method used to size proprietary manufactured stormwater treatment devices as part of the Wetlands Protection Program’s ongoing efforts to reduce stormwater pollution.
Wetlands Program Method to Convert Stormwater Water Quality Volume to Peak Flow Rate
Standardized method to convert stormwater Water Quality Volume to Peak Flow Rate.
Changes to the Stormwater Management Standards, 2008
A detailed explanation of the revisions made in 2008 to the Massachusetts Stormwater Management Standards, reflecting technological and scientific advancements since the Standards were first issued in 1996.
Water Resource Management Planning Guidance Document
This guidance is intended to explain the types of water management planning reports towns and communities can use when approaching their particular wastewater, drinking water and stormwater issues.
- How an NPDES Stormwater General Permit Works
A stormwater general permit is both a permit and a handbook for compliance. Each general permit has a preamble (or fact sheet) that summarizes the factual, legal, methodological, and policy questions considered in drafting the permit. The information in the fact sheet often helps the reader better understand the intent of the provisions in the permit.
Related Links & Additional Resources
- Grants & Financial Assistance: Watersheds & Water Quality
Grant program guides and other information about Section 319 Nonpoint Source Grants (prevention, control, and abatement of nonpoint source pollution) and Section 604 Water Quality Management Planning (water quality assessment and management planning), and summaries of projects from past years.
The Commonwealth's online procurement record site.
- DCR - Massachusetts Lakes & Ponds Guide
A publication of the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, designed to educate the public about lake ecology and watershed protection.
- EEA Low Impact Development (LID)
Resources and case studies about LID, from the Executive Office of Energy & Environmental Affairs.
- Massachusetts Dairy Farm Milkhouse Wastewater Pilot Program
Pilot program that allows dairy farms to discharge wastewater from processing dairy products (such as milk, cheese, ice cream and yogurt) to vegetated areas where plants will treat the wastewater before it reaches ground water.
- Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources
The mission of the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources is to ensure the long-term viability of agriculture in Massachusetts, promoting economically and environmentally sound food safety and animal health measures, and fulfill the role of agriculture in energy conservation and production.
- US EPA: Clean Water Act Section 319
Section 319 of the federal Clean Water Act provides funds to support technical and financial assistance, education, training, outreach, and monitoring to reduce nonpoint source pollution.
- Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)
Overview and explanation of TMDLs, Integrated Lists of Waters (submitted every two years to EPA), and TMDL reports from Massachusetts watersheds.
- Stormwater and Nonpoint Source Pollution
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection stormwater homepage.
- Stormwater Technologies Clearinghouse
Information about stormwater Best Management Practices, hosted by the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
- UNH Stormwater Center
A research, testing, and educational facility serving as a technical resource for managers, planners, and design engineers in New England and throughout the United States.
- Water Quality Assessments
Detailed reports on the ecological condition of Massachusetts watersheds, drawn from comprehensive monitoring conducted over multi-year periods.