Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND)
Case Study

Village at Hospital Hill
Village at Hospital Hill site.
Village at Hospital Hill site
Image Source: Daily Hampshire Gazette
Northampton, MA

The Village at Hospital Hill is a major redevelopment project planned for the former Northampton State Hospital site. The project's planning and design guidelines have been established within the model of Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND). With MassDevelopment as the primary developer, the village will include a mix of residential, commercial, office, and light industrial uses within a walkable, campus style setting. The project will also include space for a research facility, live/work artist studios, a childcare center, and an assisted living facility.

Existing buildings on Hospital Hill site.
The existing buildings on the site create both challenges and opportunities
Why it Works:

The wide range of uses and activities planned for the site will be assembled together through a coherent village master plan that embodies TND concepts, such as compact scale, mixed uses, walkable design, and community character. Efforts to redevelop the vacant hospital grounds began in the 1980's, and after decades of bureaucratic contention the first phase of residential units was finally completed in 2006. The project is being developed under guidance of Northampton's Planned Village Zoning District - a district that was specifically drafted for the redevelopment of this site. The project emphasizes the reuse of existing structures whenever feasible, which makes the development process more challenging, yet also more rewarding through incorporating the site's considerable history. In total the project will create 207 residential units, 100 of which will be single family homes, and 107 will be mixed with retail. The project exhibits a strong affordable housing component as 50% of the residential units will be designated affordable.

The redevelopment will also contribute to Northampton's economy by creating more jobs and more places to shop. The mix of retail created will primarily serve those living and working on the site, thereby decreasing the need for driving and increasing opportunities for community interaction. In addition to the project's commitment to sustainable development through TND standards, the majority of buildings being constructed or rehabilitated will meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for energy efficiency. A total of 180 of the 207 units will be built to ENERGY STAR Homes standards resulting in a 35% reduction in utility use.

The following list of goals have guided the development:
  • Encourage economic diversity and vitality.
  • Encourage development into areas which can best accommodate it..
  • Use existing infrastructure and encourage clustering.
  • Preserve and reuse structures of historical and/or architectural significance.
  • Encourage development patterns similar to traditional Northampton neighborhoods, including pedestrian scale.
  • Maintain distinction between rural/suburban/urban areas.
  • Preserve character of rural areas, including maintaining large undeveloped tracts, vistas, and farmland.
  • Encourage economic expansion, job creation and stability.
  • Insure that municipal services and facilities are adequate to meet public needs, without subsidizing development.
  • Minimize infrastructure costs.
  • Minimize traffic congestion from the new development.