Accessory Dwelling Units (ADU)

Mass Housing Partnership (MHP) website's home page.

Mass Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) website's home page.
Subsidized Housing Inventory (SHI) and additional background information for getting ADUs listed on the SHI. (DHCD)
'Taking the Initiative Guidebook' excerpted parts of a popular resource on creating local affordable housing strategies developed by Citizen's Housing and Planning Association (CHAPA) and MHP  (November 2002)
'Granny Flats Add Flexibility and Affordability' article from December 2001 issue of New Urban News.
'Accessory Apartments' Leo L. Cram, Missouri Gerontology Institute, University of Missouri (1993)
Santa Cruz, California ADU Program website outlines efforts to implement the development of well-designed ADUs in the city.

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Agricultural Preservation
Updated May 2007
  Farming and Forestry Strategies, a publication written by Frederick Taintor for the South County Watersheds Technical Planning Assistance Project of the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. (May 2001)
Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources (MDAR) website contains further links to state and local-level programs including: Agricultural Preservation Restrictions, the Farm Viability Enhancement Program, Right to Farm, and Agricultural Commissions.
Massachusetts Community Preservation Act website maintained by the Community Preservation Coalition, an alliance of open space, affordable housing, and preservation organizations that works with municipalities to help them understand, adopt, and implement the CPA. Includes adoption specifics and a searchable database of CPA-funded projects. For a list of CPA cities and towns, click here.
New Jersey State Transfer of Development Rights Bank webpage from the New Jersey Department of Agriculture.
Fact Sheet from the Farmland Information Center, a public/private partnership between the American Farmland Trust and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.  January 2001
American Farmland Trust website contains resources to stop the loss of productive farmland and to promote farming practices that lead to a healthy environment. The Trust is a nonprofit membership organization.
CISA (Community Involved in Sustainable Agriculture) website provides information on local farming and fresh food and locally grown farm products from the Connecticut River valley of western Massachusetts.
NOFA/Mass is a community including farmers, gardeners, landscapers and consumers working to educate members and the general public about the benefits of local organic systems based on complete cycles, natural materials, and minimal waste for the health of individual beings, communities and the living planet.
Massachusetts Farm Bureau Federation online provides news and information about farming issues in the Commonwealth.
Massachusetts Agricultural Commission website provides a new online resource for Commissions.

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Brownfield Site Search page that allows users to determine whether a site is in the BWSC database: includes limited site information.
MassDEP Brownfields Program
Office of the Attorney General - Brownfields Unit
MassDevelopment Brownfields Redevelopment
U.S. EPA Brownfields Program
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Business Improvement Districts (BID)
Massachusetts General Law Chapter 40O regulates business improvement districts. The regulations are available on this page.
The Hyannis Main Street Business Improvement District webpage provides information on the permitting process and zoning requirements within the BID, the accomplishments of the BID, and about ongoing events and entertainment on Main Street.
The Springfield Business Improvement District webpage provides information about the Springfield BID, attractions in the Springfield area including night life, dining and events, and job opportunities and partnerships within the BID.
Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development
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Chapter 40R
DHCD 40R Page
40R Statute 
40R Regulations

List of Approved and Pending Districts 

Chapter 40R Application 

Chapter 40R Application Instructions 
DHCD 40S Page

40S Statute

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District Improvement Financing (DIF)
Leominster TIF information provided on the Town of Leominster's website.
Concord, NH TIF information about a $5 million Tax Increment Finance (TIF) District to develop the award-winning Corporate Center at Horseshoe Pond project created by the City.
Massachusetts Office of Business Development website's home page.

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Environmental Justice
Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EEA) webpage providing a variety of Environmental Justice resources.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) webpage describing national grants, programs and working groups related to Environmental Justice.
Alternatives for Community and Environment (ACE) website of Massachusetts-based organization working to improve low-income and minority housing conditions as related to Environmental Justice through public education and community involvement.

Urban Edge Community Development Corporation (UECDC) website of CDC working to sustain healthy, diverse communities in Jamaica Plain, Roxbury and surrounding communities.

Jamaica Plain Neighborhood Development Corporation (JPNDC) organization partnering with previously listed UECDC with specialized programs in community empowerment, economic development, and affordable housing development in the Jamaica Plain area.
Groundwork Lawrence website of non-profit organization working to create sustainable environmental change in Lawrence, MA.
Nuestras Raices
Urban Ecology Institute

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Form Based Codes
Form-Based Code Institute website with information on educational resources as well as links to resources and articles.
SmartCode v9.0 website with free downloads of SmartCode materials and commentary.  SmartCode is a national model ordinance for form-based coded.

Charrette Center Form-Based Code Resources links to various online resources and articles relating to Form-Based Codes.

Spikowski Planning Associates website illustrating the work of planning firm specializing in form-based codes.

St. Lucie, FL Land Development Regulations element of Towns, Villages and Countryside (TVC) within Comprehensive Plan displays form-based codes in action.

'Zoning Reform has begun: Form-Based Codes' article by the National Association of Realtors (NAR) with links to additional articles.

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Inclusionary Zoning
'Inclusionary Zoning Guidelines for Cities and Towns' guidebook prepared for the Massachusetts Housing Partnership Fund by Edith M. Netter, Esq.  (September 2000)
'Taking the Initiative Guidebook' published by the MA Housing Partnership.(March 2003)
'Inclusionary Zoning: Lessons Learned in Massachusetts' report that reviews the experiences of select cities and towns in Massachusetts where inclusionary zoning has been used to produce affordable housing. Published in a journal released by the National Housing Conference in 2002.  
'The Impact of Inclusionary Zoning on Development' policy brief and the  'Creating Balanced Communities: Lessons in Affordability from 5 Affluent Boston Suburbs' report (February 2005)  which highlights innovative tools to create attractive, moderately priced housing and other publications from Business and Professional People for the Public Interest.
'Zoning for Housing Affordability' study prepared for the Massachusetts Housing Partnership Fund (2000). 
Mass Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) website's home page.
Mass Housing Partnership website of affordable housing organization that works in concert with the Governor and the state Department of Housing and Community Development to help increase the supply of affordable housing in Massachusetts.
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Low Impact Development (LID)
Updated June 2007
 Urban Environmental Design Manual--Appendix-Development Criteria, provides a detailed overview of several criteria that can influence the quality and success of a redevelopment project. Published by the Sustainable Watersheds Office of the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management.
Pennsylvania Standards for Residential Site Development, online resource from the Pennsylvania Housing Research Center serves the home building industry and the residents of Pennsylvania by improving the quality and affordability of housing. April 2007
Heat Island Effect - Trees and Vegetation, online resource from the U.S. EPA promoting planting trees and vegetation as a simple and effective way to reduce heat islands and decrease local surface and air temperatures.
Comprehensive Environmental Inc. web pages on LID includes technical and educational resources and power point shows.
The Green Roundtable, Inc. is an independent nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote and support healthy, efficient and sustaining development and building projects through strategic outreach, education, policy advocacy and technical assistance.
'Assessing Low Impact Developments Using a Benefit-Cost Approach, a presentation by ECONorthwest economist Ed MacMullan at the 2nd National Low Impact Development Conference, held March 12-14, 2007.
Rooftops to Rivers: Green Strategies for Controlling Stormwater and Combined Sewer Overflows, this online resource is a policy guide for decision makers looking to implement green strategies in their own area, including nine case studies of cities that have successfully used green techniques to create a healthier urban environment. Natural Resources Defense Council, May 2006
Building Better II: A Guide to America's Best New Development Projects' The Sierra Club presents ten outstanding examples of new development that use innovative and environmentally sensitive methods of stormwater management. Links to Case Studies and Building Better reports done in 2005 and 2006. (Fall 2006)
'Low-Impact Development Design Strategies: An Integrated Design Approach' manual offers site planners and engineers an integrated design approach to incorporating low-impact development design strategies. Chapters include low-impact development site planning, hydrologic analysis, integrated management, erosion and sediment control considerations, and public outreach. Prepared by Prince George's County, Maryland   (June 1999) [Note: be patient, takes a little time to open]

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'A Builder's Guide to Low Impact Development' brochure, published by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Research Center, provides a good summary of LID including the why's and costs for developers and builders.  
Green Building Resource Directory resource directory is designed to be an easy-to-use tool to help people in the home building trade locate useful green building resources. Resource categories include site planning, energy efficiency, resource efficiency, indoor air quality, waste management, water efficiency for indoor and outdoor use, homeowner opportunities, business operations, land development and general resources. Prepared by NAHB Research Center. (September 2000)
The Low Impact Development Center is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of Low Impact Development technology. Low Impact Development is a new, comprehensive land planning and engineering design approach with a goal of maintaining and enhancing the pre-development hydrologic regime of urban and developing watersheds. Their 'Top Ten Internet Resources' for LID.
Recognizing the connection between land and sea, the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) launched the Coastal Smart Growth Program in 2004 to catalogue, develop, and distribute planning, technical, regulatory, and outreach tools for real-world growth management that protects coastal resources. Four excellent LID case studies are featured.
The Penn State University Green Roof Research Center demonstrates and promotes green roof research, education, and technology transfer in the Northeastern US.
Green Roofs for Healthy Cities website that provides information in order to increase awareness of the economic, social, and environmental benefits of green roof infrastructure across North America and to rapidly advance the development of the market for green roof products and services from a not-for-profit industry association.
 Green Roof Demonstration Project presentation developed by The Chesapeake Bay Foundation. (February 2006)
Greenscapes are beautiful landscapes that protect our water. Greenscaping will save you time and money, and protect our environment by reducing the need for water and chemicals. This website will provide you with all the information you need to become a Greenscaper, the result of a multi-partner outreach effort in Massachusetts.
'The Practice of Low Impact Development' report prepared for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development by the NAHB Research Center, Inc. for developers and municipal officials.  (July 2003)

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Low Impact Development: Urban Design Tools website provides watershed managers with a new set of tools and techniques that can be used to meet regulatory and receiving water protection program goals for urban retrofits, re-development projects, and new development sites.
Massachusetts Low Impact Development Toolkit online materials designed to help citizens, public officials and developers implement LID. Developed by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council.
'Stormwater Innovative Design: The Role of Landscape Architects' article written by Kathleen Webb Tunney in Stormwater, the Journal for Surface Water Quality Professionals. Progressive landscape architects see stormwater as a resource, not a problem. Their multidisciplinary approach to site design can save money and better emulate predevelopment hydrology.
Polluted Runoff (Non-Point Source Pollution) listing of resources for urban environments from the US Environmental Protection Agency.
LID for Big Box Retailers website. This project's purpose is to provide large building and site footprint retailers with strategies that integrate innovative and highly effective Low Impact Development (LID) stormwater management techniques into their site designs for regulatory compliance and natural resource protection. Developed through an EPA Assistance Agreement funded by the Office of Water and hosted by the Low Impact Development Center.
Puget Sound Action Team's Low Impact Development website.
Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, LID web site
The Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program's Low Impact Development webpage.
The UNH Stormwater Center studies stormwater-related water quality and quantity issues. One unique feature is the field facility to evaluate and verify the performance of stormwater management devices and technologies. Fifteen different management systems are currently undergoing side-by-side comparison testing under strictly controlled conditions.

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Mill Revitalization Districts (MRD)

Clock Tower Place website describing the history, redevelopment, and current uses of the Maynard Mill , MA .

'Whitin Mill Complex Green Design Feasibility Study' report prepared by Beals and Thomas Inc. assessing the potential for the sustainable redevelopment of the Whitin Mill.  Produced for site developer Alternative Unlimited Inc., Northbridge , MA (March 2003).

Monarch on the Merrimack website about the mixed-use community envisioned for the redevelopment of the Wood Mill, Lawrence , MA .

'Delftree Mill Reuse Plan: An Environmental Planning Project' a William College report assessing the redevelopment potential for the Delftree Mill, North Adams, MA (May 2005).
List of Massachusetts Mill Conversion Projects as a representative project catalog from The Architecture Team Inc., Chelsea , MA .

MassDevelopment Brownfields Redevelopment webpage describing various brownfeilds redevelopment incentive and grant programs in Massachusetts .

Brownfields Economic Development Initiative webpage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development brownfields grant program.

Massachusetts Department Environmental Protection Brownfeilds Program webpage describing the Massachusetts Brownfields Act, relevant contacts, and a listing of publications.
Mill Reuse Summary Matrix Over 20 Massachusetts municipalities have adopted specific bylaws or ordinances that are designed to support the revitalization of mill districts.

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Open Space Residential Design (OSRD)
Updated June 2007
'The Rhode Island Conservation Development Manual: A Ten Step Process for the Planning and Design of Creative Development Projects (June 2003) and a companion brochure 'Rhode Island Conservation Development from the RI Department of Environmental Management, Sustainable Watersheds Office.
Model Green Home Building Guidelines, an online resource from the National Association of Home Builders.
Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) is a founding Green Neighborhoods Alliance member and has actively promoted open space residential design along the coast and in coastal watershed communities. Read online article, 'The Grass is Greener in an Open Space Residential Development'
"Planning for Open Space" a NOAA Coastal Services Center article about Massachusetts OSRD and the Green Neighborhood Alliance. March/April 2006
'Growth Management Tools: A Summary for Planning Boards in Massachusetts' is a concise compilation of the various tools that Planning Boards have available to them.   Published by former MA Metropolitan District Commission (August 2002)
Land Choices a national non-profit organization promoting land preservation choices. LandChoices is working to reach landowners and provide them with land preservation choices BEFORE they make that fateful decision to subdivide their land for conventional subdivision development.
'The Economics of Conservation Subdivisions: Price Premiums, Improvement Costs, and Absorption Rates' a 24-page article by Rayman Mohamed of Wayne State University suggests "that designs that take a holistic view of ecology, aesthetics, and sense of community can assuage concerns about higher density".  
University of Michigan study finds homebuyers want view of woods, not large lawns.
Natural Lands Trust A Pennsylvania based land trust organization that has promoted Open Space Residential Design or Conservation Subdivision design in and around Philadelphia. Click on "Planning" then on "Growing Greener."

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Outreach and Education

'By Gosh it's a Bylaw' article by Andrea Cooper of Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) describing Outreach and Education in relation to OSRD (Spring 2006).

'Visualizing Density: A Bird's Eye View; the Density Problem' article from the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy describing Outreach and Education as related to urban density.

'Shaping the Future of Your Community' a citizen’s guide to becoming more involved in Community Planning produced by the Massachusetts Audubon Society (June 2007).
'Smart Growth America:  2005 Annual Report' document summarizing Smart Growth America’s outreach and education efforts and coalition members throughout 2005 .
Image Library, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center The PBIC has teamed with Walkable Communities, Inc. and the Institute of Transportation Engineers Pedestrian and Bicycle Council to provide this online Image Library, a searchable collection of over 2,500 categorized images.

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Smart Energy
Planning ICLEI
EPA's Community Energy Challenge
Pioneer Valley Planning Commission's Renewable Energy Project

Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Mass Climate Action Network

Clean Air-Cool Planet
Green Buildings

EPA NE resource pages

U.S. Green Building Council web links
Green Roundtable
Northeast Sustainable Energy Association
Energy & Environmental Building Association
Sustainable Buildings Industry Council
BuildingGreen, Inc.
MTC green building
Energy Efficiency
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
Alliance to Save Energy
Home Energy Saver web-based energy audit tool
Energy Star
Massachusetts Energy Consumers Alliance
Rocky Mountain Institute
Renewable Energy
MTC - Renewable Energy Trust
American Wind Energy Association
Solar Energy Industries Association
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
U.S. Department of Energy/Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
EPA Climate Protection Division
Renewable Energy Research Laboratory at UMass-Amherst
Surface Transportation Policy Project
Union of Concerned Scientists Clean Vehicles
Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
VTPI TDM encyclopedia
Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium
Massachusetts Technology Collaborative
Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs
Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources

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Smart Parking
'Parking Spaces / Community Places: Finding the Balance through Smart Growth Solutions' publication by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency describing variety of Smart Parking approaches (January 2006).
Sustainable Transportation Toolkit: Parking webpage by the Boston Metropolitan Area Planning Council with analysis of parking strategies and links to Massachusetts parking bylaws.
'Getting Parking Right' presentation by Jefferey Tumlin, Nelson/Nygaard, during the Massachusetts Smart Growth Conference (December 2006).
Guide to Smart Parking: Toolbox for Best Practices webpage by the California Metropolitan Transportation Commission with resources for conducting parking studies and enacting best practices.
Victoria Transport Policy Institute an online encyclopedia of Transportation Demand Management and Parking Management.
'Driving Urban Environments: Smart Growth Parking Best Practices' report produced by the Maryland Governor’s Office of Smart Growth summarizing best parking practices.  Prepared by Robin Zimbler.
'Parking Management: Strategies for More Efficient Use of Parking Resources' report by Todd Litman published through the Victoria Transport Policy Institute providing overview of parking management strategies (April 2006).
'The Trouble with Minimum Parking Requirements' report by Donald Shoup, University of California, providing overview of traditional U.S. minimum parking requirements (1999).
'Model Zoning Regulations for Parking for Northwestern Connecticut' model ordinance covering a variety of best practices with zoning language and comments.  Produced by Fitzgerald & Halliday Inc. for the Northwestern Connecticut Council of Governments (September 2003)

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Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND)
Mixed Use Zoning: A Planner's Guide guide presenting the fundamentals, developed by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council.  
'Traditional Neighborhood Design and Development: A Developer's Perspective' presentation by R. John Anderson and Tom DiGiovani, New Urban Builders.
Mashpee Commons webpage about the Master Plan behind this award-winning development.
Churchill Homes a Hope VI project for the Churchill Neighborhood in Holyoke, MA, was a sensitive integration of the new community into the existing city fabric developed by Dietz & Company Architects.
Congress for the New Urbanism website highlights walkable, human-scaled neighborhoods as the building blocks of sustainable communities and regions.
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Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
'TDR Programs: Using the Market for Compensation and Preservation' paper written by Jason Hanly-Forde, George Homsy, Katherine Lieberknecht, Remington Stone that gives a good overview of this technique.
'Transfer of Development Rights Report' study produced for the South County Watershed Technical Planning Assistance Project by the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. It is one of several reports about creative land use techniques to accommodate growth while minimizing impacts to the environment and community character.  April 2001
Fact Sheet from the Farmland Information Center, a public/private partnership between the American Farmland Trust and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.  January 2001
'TDR: How Does It Work?' webpage from the NJ Department of Community Affairs' Office of Smart Growth, provides a good overview of the technique.
New Jersey State Transfer of Development Rights Bank webpage from the NJ Department of Agriculture.
Pinelands Development Credit Bank webpage from the NJ Department of Banking and Credit gives information about a program begun in 1985 which has helped increase the value of development rights and assisted owners in selling their land.

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Transit Oriented Development (TOD)
'Building Transit Oriented Development in Established Communities' a paper by Julie Goodwill and Sara J. Hendricks published by the Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida (November 2002).
The Transit Cooperative Research Program the zoning and real estate implications of transit-oriented development (January 1999).
Transit-Oriented Development and Joint Development in the United States a literature review.  
American Public Transportation Association transit resource guide
Victoria Transport Policy Institute using public transit to create more accessible and livable neighborhoods.
Capital Region Council of Governments transit-oriented development - detailed technical analysis.  
Municipal Research and Services Center for Washington transit-supportive site design and density - a list of resources.

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Wastewater Alternatives
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection webpage listing Massachusetts wastewater regulations, forms and guidance documentation.

 National Small Flows Clearinghouse a comprehensive online information source for wastewater technologies and management programs funded by USEPA.

 Massachusetts Environmental Code, Title 5 link to CMR 15.0.  Standard requirements for the siting, construction, inspection, upgrade and expansion of on-site sewage treatment and disposal systems and for the transport and disposal of sewage. 

 Massachusetts Title 5 Guidance guidance on system upgrades in areas subject to nitrogen loading limitations effective December 1999.

 Massachusetts Ground Water Discharge Permit Program link to 314 CMR 5.00.

 Block Island / Green Hill Pond Watershed Wastewater Demonstration Project sample wastewater management program by the On-site Wastewater Resource Center, University of Rhode Island.

Orange County, NC Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems sample wastewater management program.

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Water Resource Management
Updated February 2008
Massachusetts Water Policy website and policy document (issued November 2004) from the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs.
Vegetative Buffers web page provides background and links to excellent resources on stormwater and vegetative buffers offered by the MA Office of Coastal Zone Management.
 Site Planning for Urban Stream Protection presents a watershed approach to site planning examining new ways to reduce pollutant loads and protect aquatic resources through non-structural practices and improved construction site planning. 
 Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual Series Get practical, comprehensive information on watershed restoration techniques with the Center for Watershed Protectionís publication series.
  Municipal Handbook provides general guidance for selecting and implementing Best Management Practices (BMPs) in cold climates to reduce pollutants in runoff from municipal operations. Developed by the California Stormwater Quality Association. (September 2004)
 Urban Small Sites Best Management Practice (BMP) Manual an online resource that provides information on tools and techniques to assist municipalities in guiding development and redevelopment. Developed by the Metropolitan Council Data Center in St. Paul, Minnesota. (July 2001)
 International Stormwater Best Management Practices Database project website which features technical documents, software and database developed over the past decade.
Toolbox of Riparian Buffer Management website assembles existing materials of use to local officials in drafting and implementing regulations to protect riparian areas. Developed by the Long Island NEP, regulations may or may not be applicable under MGLs.
Smart Growth & Water: Resources & Tools portal to resources from across the country on topics such as zoning and ordinances, case studies, low-impact development (LID) tools, site planning techniques, and more, published by the US Environmental Protection Agency's Watershed Academy website. (January 2005)
Source Water Protection for Municipalities resource for municipal officials and community volunteers developed by The New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission.
Massachusetts Water Resources Commission website with links to the Water Conservation Standards and other publications and resources.
'Once is Not Enough' guide describes different forms of water reuse and highlights case studies demonstrating that water reuse is a practical and beneficial strategy in Massachusetts. It was developed by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council and the 495/Metro West Corridor Partnership  (November 2005).
'Summer Smart Water Use' guide provides information on peak water use reduction strategies that have been successfully implemented across the nation and in Massachusetts  (MAPC & 495/Metro West Corridor Partnership, May 2006).

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Wind Power
Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources - Renewable Energy Programs
Massachusetts Technology Collaborative - Renewable Energy Trust
U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Clean Energy Programs

State Sustainability - Leading By Example Program

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - University of Massachusetts
American Wind Energy Association

Citizens for Alternative Renewable Energy - Hull Wind

New England Wind Fund - Mass Energy Consumers Alliance
If Not Wind, Then What?

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