Look at each room from your child's eye level, and use the following tips to protect young children in your home.
In the Kitchen:
- Put all plastic wrapping or bags where children can't reach them.
- Check floors and low places for small bits of food. A young child could place the food in his mouth and choke on it.
- Always supervise children when they are eating.
- Install child safety locks on cabinets where you store chemicals, cleaners and other toxic products.
- Post the poison control center phone number (1-800-222-1222) and other emergency numbers next to every phone.
- Children should stay three feet away from the stove to prevent burns.
- Store matches, lighters, candles, and other fire tools out of children's sight and reach, preferably in a locked cabinet.
- Keep appliances and cords away from table and counter edges.
- Don't use tablecloths that can be pulled down.
In Your Child's Room:
- Locate cribs, beds, chairs, and other furniture away from windows.
- Install window locks or safety guards on above-ground windows. Be sure they have a quick-release mechanism in case of fire.
- Put babies to sleep on their backs and keep soft things out of the space where they sleep.
- Make sure book cases are fastened to the wall. Book cases that are not secured can topple and crush a child.
In the Bathroom:
- Keep medicines, cosmetics and other hazardous substances in locked cabinets.
- Keep soap, lotion and shampoo out of a child's reach.
- Install toilet seat locks; turn over all buckets and store them up high.
- Test faucet water at the tap and adjust water heater to 120F or below.
- Purchase products with child resistant packaging.
- Never leave a child unattended in the bathtub, even for a moment.
In Every Room:
- Check floors and low places for small objects like buttons, beads, marbles, coins, pins and stones. Young children can choke on these items.
- Keep plants out of a child's reach. Some plants are poisonous.
- Cover sharp corners on furniture with rubber guards or soft fabric.
- Install baby gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
Toy Safety Tips
- Buy toys that suit your child's current age, interest, and abilities.
- Look for the letters "ASTM," which show that the product meets the national safety standards set by the American Society for Testing and Materials.
- Look for safety labels like "Not recommended for children under 3 years of age," "non-toxic," and "washable/hygienic materials."
- Check toys regularly for damage and safety hazards such as sharp edges. Make necessary repairs immediately or throw away damaged toys.
- Toys are frequently recalled for safety reasons. Check the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission site at www.cpsc.gov for updates and information on toy recalls.
- Always watch your children while they play.
- Teach your children to put toys away safely after playing. Safe storage prevents falls and other injuries.
Injuries are the leading cause of death among children 1-4 years of age.
The leading causes of injury death among infants less than 1 year of age in 2005 were suffocation (n=5) and homicide (n=2). The leading cause of injury death among young children 1-4 years of age was drowning (n=5).
In 2005, there were 19 injury deaths among MA residents 0-4 years of age. In this same age group in FY 2005 there were 1,034 non-fatal injury-related inpatient hospitalizations and in FY 2005 there were 42,982 nonfatal injury-related emergency department visits.
The leading cause of injury-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits in residents 0-4 years of age was a fall, accounting for approximately 40% of these events.
- National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care
- Safe Kids Worldwide
- Injury Free Coalition for Kids
- American Academy of Pediatrics
- Consumer Product Safety Commission
- Home Safety Council
- International Association for Child Safety