Top 5 Childhood Cancers (years 2001-2005)

These cancers occur most commonly among 0-19 year olds.

Males
  • Leukemia
  • Brain & Other Nervous System
  • Lymphomas and recticuloendothelial neoplasms
  • Soft Tissue and other extra osseous sarcomas
  • Other Malignant Epithelial neoplasms and malignant melanoma
Females
  • Leukemia
  • Brain & Other Nervous System
  • Other Malignant Epithelial neoplasms and malignant melanoma
  • Lymphomas and recticuloendothelial neoplasms
  • Soft Tissue and other extra osseous sarcomas

Screening Recommendations

Age and SexScreening RecommendationsScreening Locations and Other Information
Girls: about 3 years after beginning vaginal intercourseFor cervical cancer: Pelvic exam and pap test every 1-3 years depending on your level of risk (every 3 years only after you have had 3 consecutive negative results).Sites for low income, uninsured women:
Boys age 15 and olderFor testicular cancer: Monthly testicular self-exam and a clinical exam every 1 to 3 years.

Prevention Strategies

Healthy habits in childhood and adolescence can reduce risk of cancer in adulthood.

  • Don't smoke. If you do smoke, quit.
  • Keep infants and young children out of the sun as much as possible during the first year of life.
  • Use sun protection methods, such as protective clothing and sunscreen (SPF 15 or greater) and limit sun exposure during the hours of 10 am and 4 pm.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Choose 5 to 9 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Limit high fat foods, including red meat.
  • Get 30 minutes of physical activity on 5 or more days of the week.

Related Links


This information is provided by the Department of Public Health.

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