Cancer prevention involves avoiding exposure to cancer causing substances such as nicotine, making lifestyle changes (especially to diet), and detecting and treating cancer early. Much of the focus in Massachusetts has been on reducing tobacco use, since national evidence identifies tobacco exposure as the leading preventable cause of death. In addition, there is increasing evidence the role of poor diet and lack of exercise play in cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, 30% of cancer deaths could be avoided if people stopped using tobacco, and another one-third of cancer deaths can be attributed to poor nutrition, physical inactivity, overweight or obesity, and other lifestyle factors. Other preventable cancers include those associated with infectious disease exposures, such as liver cancer and cervical cancer, and environmental or occupational exposures.
This section of the plan focuses on key areas that can prevent or lower the risk of cancer, including stopping the use of and exposure to tobacco, maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active and reducing exposure to infectious agents and environmental and occupational carcinogens.
For the Goals, Objectives and Strategies of the Prevention section please see pages 37-46 of the 2012 – 2016 Comprehensive Cancer Prevention and Control Plan for Massachusetts file size 6MB file size 1MB.
This information is provided by the Comprehensive Cancer Prevention and Control Network.