The Diabetes Prevention and Control Program collects statistics from sources that provide data and information on diabetes. These data can be used to:
  • create policy

  • target interventions

  • identify barriers to care

  • measure success in preventing and controlling diabetes

Below is a list of the data sources the Diabetes Prevention and Control Program uses:

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

The BRFSS is the world's biggest telephone health survey system that tracks health conditions and risk behaviors in the US every year. The survey is conducted in all 50 states in col­laboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state de­partments of public health and has been conducted in Massachusetts since 1986. The MA BRFSS includes a 12-question section on diabetes, prediabetes, and preventive care among people with diabetes.


The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) looks at the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the US. This study combines information collected through both interviews and physical examinations.

Registry of Massachusetts Commission for the Blind

By law, health care providers must report every new person diagnosed as legally blind to the Massachusetts Commission for the Blind. DPCP uses this data to keep track of diabetes-related blindness.

Birth Records

Information on diabetes during pregnancy is obtained from birth certificate data that pro­vide data on all births in Massachusetts each year. It includes information on demographics, perinatal medical condi­tions of the mother, and medical informa­tion on the infant.

Mortality Records

Data from state death certificates are used to determine how many deaths are caused by diabetes as a primary cause of death, or an associated condition on the death certificate.

Preventable Hospitalization Records

Hospital discharge data is used to keep track of 25 conditions, including diabetes, for which hospitalizations are considered preventable.

Uniform Hospital Discharge Data

Information from all hospital discharges are used to monitor hospitalizations for diabetes as the primary or associated diagnosis.

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Network of New England

By law, providers must report every person diagnosed with ESRD to the regional network. Data are used to monitor the number of diabetes-related cases of ESRD.

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)

PRAMS is a surveillance project of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state health departments. PRAMS collects state-specific, population-based data on maternal attitudes and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. The DPCP uses PRAMS data to better understand the behaviors of women with gestational diabetes including pre-pregnancy weight, and screening and care during and after pregnancy.

Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal Data System (PELL)

PELL is a population-based relational, reproductive health data system created to assess the impact of the prenatal environment on subsequent child and maternal health outcomes. It is a longitudinal data system that tracks mothers and children over time. The DPCP uses this data systems for surveillance of gestational diabetes.

Youth Health Survey (YHS)/Youth Risk Behavioral Survey (YRBS)

The YHS and the YRBS are administered jointly through the collaboration among the Massachusetts Departments of Elementary and Secondary Education (ESE) and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, along with the University of Massachusetts' Center for Survey Research (CSR) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The survey is administered to randomly selected schools and topics include: tobacco use, alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, extracurricular activities, dietary behaviors, physical activity, emotional status, and chronic conditions.

This information is provided by Diabetes Prevention and Control Program within the Department of Public Health.