- A1C test - The A1C number tells you and your health care provider what your average blood sugar level was over the past three months. This test should be done at least twice a year to see if your diabetes is under control.
Blood Sugar (Glucose) - Glucose comes from the food you eat and is needed to fuel your body. Glucose is also stored in your liver and muscles. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy. However, too much glucose in your blood is not healthy.
BMI - The Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to measure weight in relation to height. An adult with a BMI greater than 25 is considered to be overweight; an adult with a BMI greater than 30 is considered to be obese.
Insulin - Insulin is a hormone in the body that helps glucose get from your blood into your cells. Cells take the glucose and turn it into energy.
Prediabetes - Prediabetes is a condition in which a person's blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but are not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.
This information is provided by Diabetes Prevention and Control Program within the Department of Public Health.