• can develop at any age - even during childhood

  • usually comes on slowly

  • can require insulin, pills, or both because the body can not make enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it makes

  • is treated by using diabetes medications, making healthy food choices, and being physically active

  • accounts for 90-95% of people with diabetes

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

You may be at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes if you:

  • are overweight or obese

  • are over 45 years old

  • have high blood pressure

  • have a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes

  • are not physically active

  • are African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or Native American

  • had diabetes during a pregnancy (gestational diabetes), or gave birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds

Use the Risk Calculator to see if you're at risk for type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Here are some of the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • being very thirsty or very hungry

  • having trouble concentrating

  • feeling tired most of the time

  • urinating a lot

  • having blurry vision

  • cuts or bruises that are slow to heal

  • having infections often (such as yeast or skin infections)

Many people with type 2 diabetes do not have any symptoms. If you do have any symptoms, or think you may be at risk for type 2 diabetes, ask your doctor or health care provider about getting tested.


  • Easy Eating for Busy People

  • Diabetes and Your Feet

  • Diabetes Can Harm Your Vision

  • Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers

  • Diabetes: Are You at Risk?

  • Diabetes Can Increase Your Risk for Heart Attack and Stroke

Fact Sheets

  • What is Diabetes?
  • Do I Have Diabetes?

  • I Have Diabetes. What Can I Do to Stay Healthy?

  • Low Blood Sugar, High Blood Sugar, and Sick Days

  • Tips to Help You Feel Better and Stay Healthy

  • What is the A1C Test?

These materials are available from the Massachusetts Health Promotion Clearinghouse at www.maclearinghouse.com/category/DIAB.html.

This information is provided by Diabetes Prevention and Control Program within the Department of Public Health.