The three main ways that batterers become involved with a certified batterer intervention program are the courts, the Department of Children and Families (DCF), and self-referral. For court-referred batterers, completion of a certified batterer intervention program is most often a condition of probation and, therefore, also monitored by the probation department. On some occasions, completion of a certified batterer intervention program is a condition for child visitation ordered by the Probate and Family Court. For DCF-referred batterers, the batterer intervention program is a component of the service plan created for the batterer by DCF. And finally, all programs accept batterers who refer themselves for services.