What is Heart Disease?
Heart disease is a broad term that includes several different types of heart conditions. The most common type of heart disease is coronary artery disease (CAD), which leads to heart attacks.
CAD occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries (which bring blood to the heart muscle), causing them to harden and narrow. This hardening and narrowing of the arteries is called atherosclerosis, and can reduce or block blood flow that supplies oxygen to the heart.
Risk Factors for Heart Disease
- Overweight or obese
- Lack of physical activity — for ideas on how to stay active visit www.mass.gov/massinmotion
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Smoking – quit now visit www.makesmokinghistory.org
How Common is Heart Disease?
- 8.33% of Massachusetts adults 35+ have heart disease (Massachusetts BRFSS CY 2011, 2012, 2014)
- 7.3% of Massachusetts men 35+ reported being diagnosed with heart disease (Massachusetts BRFSS, 2014 )
- 4.4% % of Massachusetts women 35+ reported being diagnosed with heart disease (Massachusetts BRFSS, 2014 )