From the Editor's Desk
Girard Plante has written an article about the passing of Paul Kahn. Much of this article is culled from an e-mail from Jason Rosenberg who writes of his friend Paul with great love and respect. Jason and Paul went to public school together in the late 1950's early 1960's before special education, individual education plans and the legal security that allows access to education, housing and employment that we have become so accustomed to.
In his own right, Paul Kahn was an accomplished writer. Paul writes about what he wishes his parents knew while they were raising him. He wrote about this and how he thought parents of children with disabilities can guide their children and help them meet the challenge of independence and adulthood.
As I read this article I recognized that I had done many of the things suggested while raising my two sons. As Paul Kahn says in the beginning of the article "I wish my parents had known that I would grow up to have a satisfying life enriched by independence, fulfilling work, a loving partner, and good friends."
I wish I could know that my sons will live a safe and satisfying life, with friends and whatever independence they can manage. I also understand Paul Kahn's parents and why they worried.
Community Education Forums
In December 2009, the Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission (MRC) Management Team and the Consumer Involvement program coordinated and hosted a series of four Community Education Forums.
Recently, the MRC has experienced a challenging economy. The MRC's programs and services have been affected. These forums were held across the state to give consumers and other stakeholders an opportunity to express their concerns to the MRC directly.
The forums were held: December 1st in Brockton, December 3rd in Worcester, December 7th in Amherst, and December 11th in Haverhill. Nearly 300 individuals attended (not including MRC staff) and many gave personal testimony.
Many consumers of the MRC's Home Care Program were extremely upset that their hours had been cut. Many consumers and providers commented on the importance of these programs to their lives.
The outcome of these forums sends a strong message. The MRC's programs and services are highly valued by those who use them. In such challenging economic times, it is vital that we continue to provide services and minimize service cuts to the extent that we can.
Below are two anonymous testimonies from the forums:
Client reports being able to manage her personal care (dressing, bathing). Client also reports being unable to prepare meals because of an inability to stand and the home is not accessible. Client can no longer go upstairs anymore to the bedroom. The client, who also has a history of gastric intestinal issues, reports being significantly underweight. There are very limited resources available to help the client. Home-delivered meals may be an option. The client isn't a senior and will most likely have to pay for them. Client lives on a very limited income of SSDI and child support. At this time financial assistance could benefit the client, but since we have less funding available we are limited in how much we can help.
"I am a client of Mass Rehab and receive services in the form of homemaking. I became disabled and require assistance to do my ADL's as well as many essential tasks. I depend on my homemaker and require ever-increasing help from my parents. My parents are not young. It becomes a very humbling experience when a 40-year old person needs help with all aspects of life, especially dressing. I can't bend down, so if something falls on the floor, it stays. I can't open doors, refrigerator, drawers, etc., so I depend on my homemaker. I now receive five hours of homemaking, but require daily assistance. I need to write down daily, on a notepad, things that I need so when my homemaker comes, she can help me.
With this cut I'm going to need to ask for more help from my parents which I really didn't want to do. If at all possible, please don't cut this much needed program."
Ann Ahearn-Avitabile appointed as Area Director of the Taunton VR Office
Marcel Dube, South District Director
It is with great pleasure that I announce today the appointment of Ann Ahearn-Avitabile as the new Area Director of the Taunton Area VR Office. Ann will begin her new position on February 1, 2010.
Ann has been in the field of vocational rehabilitation working for the state since 1978. She started with the Mass Commission for the Blind and in 1987 she became employed by the MRC. Ann served as a QVRC in the Brockton, Plymouth and Taunton offices. Ann also served as a Rehabilitation Counselor for the Deaf (RCD) and Hard of Hearing. In 2004 Ann was promoted to the position of Unit Supervisor within our Cape & Islands Office where she led a very successful and productive work unit. Her most recent position is that of successfully serving the Plymouth Area Office as their Unit Supervisor.
Ann has attained a Master of Arts in Rehabilitation Counseling from Assumption College and is both a Licensed Rehabilitation Counselor and a Licensed Certified Social Worker.
Ms. Ahearn-Avitabile has demonstrated excellent supervisory and managerial skills in her previous positions in the MRC. She has also been committed to agency improvements by serving on numerous committees throughout her career.
Congratulations to Ann! We look forward to many years of service as the Taunton Area Director and to her contributions as a member of the South District Management Team.
Mental Health Community Mourns the Passing of Judi Chamberlin, A Visionary in the Consumer Movement
A message from Department of Mental Health Commissioner Barbara Leadholm
It is with great sadness that we say goodbye to Judi Chamberlin, a visionary among the mental health community, who passed away this weekend after a long illness. She was 65. Most of us in our lifetimes never get the chance to meet a true pioneer, a true visionary, someone whose time on earth has had and will continue to have a profound impact on the lives of others. Judi was that person. She never allowed her psychiatric illness to limit her, to control her or to define her.
More than 40 years ago, well before individuals with mental illness were given a say in their treatment, Judi's own experience in the mental health system sparked the movement that has changed everything. At a time when treatment for a psychiatric illness often meant a life sentence to an asylum or state hospital and to a life of hopelessness and isolation, Judi talked about, promoted and advocated for the concepts of recovery, consumer involvement, consumer run and directed programs, independence and dignity.
Judi put that basic thinking into a book called "On Our Own," which was
published in 1978. In it she argued that, as she had experienced, just the ability to have some say in your own treatment was critical in making that treatment work. And because of Judi's courage, dignity and refusal to accept that mental illness would ever limit her or anyone else, the consumer and recovery movement was born.
Because of Judi's extraordinary advocacy and conviction, recovery from mental illness has become real. We are all so fortunate to have had Judi Chamberlin touch our lives, change our course and most of all, leave us the legacy and the guidebook that will keep mental illness out of the darkness and consumers and their families in a place of hope and dignity.
Late Saturday night, Judi died as she wished: at home, in her favorite
chair, surrounded by friends and family. Her passing is a great loss to the mental health community and we extend our deepest sympathy to her family, friends and the many lives she so eloquently and elegantly touched.
Please visit Judi's blog to read and learn more about this remarkable woman.
It's in Your Hands
Robyn Powell, DPCMA.org
This year it's time to Be Counted as part of the US Census!
The Census Bureau will mail everyone a short Census questionnaire in March. The hope is that everyone immediately takes the time to respond to the questions and mails the form back as soon as possible after receiving it.
People with disabilities have a major stake in a complete Census count. An accurate count impacts several important programs and services, such as Mass Health, Medicare, SSI, programs funded by the Rehabilitation Act, housing, Vocational Rehabilitation, accessible transit, and special education for children ages three through five.
Census officials believe that people with disabilities have been under-reported in past Census counts and have taken steps to increase the count. The Disability Policy Consortium is prepared to help by providing information to people with disabilities. In the coming month, the DPC will have information on their web site ( www.dpcma.org) on how to participate in the Census, with specific details for people who are deaf, blind, and deaf-blind. The DPC also urges consumers of Personal Care Attendants to encourage their PCA's to respond to the Census, as they are also often under-reported in the Census. The Census Bureau cannot share questionnaire responses with any other entity or government agency, including immigration status.
Questionnaire Assistance Centers (QAC) will be available to assist those unable to read or understand the Census form. For those with visual impairments, Language Assistance Guides will be available in large print and Braille. Deaf and hard-of-hearing people who do not have access to Video Relay Service (VRS) can call 1-866-783-2010 via Fed Relay, a free and confidential federal government communications service. In addition to these options, Language Assistance Guides also will be available in 59 languages at all QAC locations.
For more information, please contact Robyn Powell at email@example.com or 617-542-3522.
Center Club's 50th Anniversary
Mary Gregorio, Program Director
The following article was featured in Bay Cove's "Insider" newsletter and the monthly DMH newsletter "Connections". This article was reprinted with permission from Mary Gregorio.
More than 200 people gathered recently at the Boston Teacher's Union Hall in Dorchester for Center Club's 50th Anniversary Gala. It was an evening of great food, wonderful memories and well-deserved recognition. After a family style dinner, guests were treated to a screening of a commemorative video of Center Club's 50 years. A ceremony recognizing eight individuals who have played a significant role in the club's history was followed by the unveiling of a new Center Club banner as well as plenty of time for socializing and dancing.
Guests included family members, retired staff members, employers, DMH staff and colleagues from other agencies. Nancy Mahan, Bay Cove Human Services Mental Health Service Division Director, led a rousing rendition of "Sweet Center Club" especially composed for the occasion (with apologies to Neil Diamond).
Center Club, a program of Bay Cove Human Services, and an International Center for Clubhouse Development certified clubhouse, was established in 1959 initially as a social club. It was the first psychiatric rehabilitation program in New England. The first social club in Massachusetts was known as the 103 Club because of its address right outside the former Boston Psychopathic Hospital, now the Massachusetts Mental Health Center. The club grew out of a patient governance program established in 1948. Patients discharged from inpatient facilities were encouraged to meet at the Club with the support of volunteers and occasional access to hospital staff across the street.
In early in 1958, a small group of former patients were meeting on a weekly basis with Dr. Sam Grob, a psychologist, at the Charles Street Meeting House on Beacon Hill in order to discuss challenges of community living after leaving the hospital, not unlike the story of Fountain House in New York City. The 103 Club eventually merged with Center Club and relocated to the Boston Young Men's Christian Union (YMCA) in the old "Combat Zone." Center Club was situated there for almost 30 years until moving to its current location in Government Center in January 1989.
Center Club will remain forever indebted to its founders, Dr. G. Colkert Caner, a psychiatrist, and Dr. Sam Grob, a psychologist, along with a small group of pioneering members who set in motion what has become a large and diverse program that offers a full range of services and supports to its members as they continue to live rich and rewarding lives in the community. To quote Dr. Grob in a newspaper article published in 1964 "Our theory is to show them how to put together all the pieces of living and learn how to cope with life. Self help is the greatest force."
Fact Sheet: Living Your Life During Challenging Times
Forwarded by Margo McMahon, DMH,
Originally printed in Update a DMH publication
We live in unsettling times. The ongoing war in Iraq, threat of terrorism, and an economic downturn combined with our own personal struggles and challenges can cause stress, fear and anxiety about the future. Such feelings can have a cumulative effect on the mental health of Americans. How can people cope and lead "normal lives" in these challenging times?
We all react differently to news of disturbing events, but there are common feelings many of us experience. Disbelief, fear, difficulty making decisions, nervousness and irritability, sadness and depression and powerlessness are just a few.
Here are some things you can do to cope and maintain a sense of "normalcy":
• Remain engaged in the world by staying connected with people. Don't withdraw.
• Communicate with family, friends or co-workers about your fears.
• Keep up on the news but don't watch it around the clock.
• Use necessary precautions. But don't overdo it. Make an emergency communication plan with family and friends. Re-introduce yourself to neighbors and exchange phone numbers.
• Maintain your regular routine and include time to do things you enjoy.
• Get involved in local activities. Attend a meeting on community preparedness. Send a donation to a relief fund.
• Take care of your health. Make time for exercise and other pleasurable activities that distract you and lower your stress level. Avoid drugs and alcohol.
• Be optimistic about the challenges ahead. Stay in touch with your spirituality.
If your anxious or "down" feelings don't go away or are so intense they interfere with your daily life, seek the help of a mental health professional. This may be especially important for those who live with depression, substance abuse problems, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder.
If you or someone you know is in crisis now, seek help immediately. Call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) to reach a 24 hour crisis center or dial 911 for immediate assistance.
Looking at Ron Bilecki, you'd never know he endured eight agonizing months in the Veterans Administration Hospital in West Roxbury. He entered the VA last April after rehab in Spaulding Hospital from surgery to close a festering wound worn down from transferring his six-foot-three-inch body in and out of various places for 26 years.
A couple of friends and I caught up with Ron three days before New Year's Eve, two weeks after being discharged to his home in Brighton. His excitement to be free from the trappings of the institutional life and that he'd be ringing in the New Year with family and restored health was evident.
Ron's spinal cord injury journey began in 1983 while serving in the United States Navy. A fresh-air walk to his home base in Portsmouth, VA, turned chaotic when two thugs jumped out of the dark shadows of a dimly-lit street, pointed a gun in his face demanding money. As Ron reached into his pocket to pull out cash the gun-toting thugs shot him in the back and ran. He crumpled to the sidewalk left for dead. "Had it not been for a neighbor who witnessed the incident and called paramedics, I'd be dead," Ron recalls.
After a 10-day stay at the Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Ron transferred to the VA Hospital in West Roxbury, where he rehabbed in its Spinal Cord Injury Unit for three months. Slowly, Ron resumed his new life and moved into an accessible apartment complex in Watertown. "I never considered the ramifications of living with a disability. I was simply enthusiastic about getting out of the hospital as soon as possible," he explained.
Enrolling at Northeastern University, Ron discovered his niche within the foreign and frightening world of disability for a newly-injured person. "Going to a university setting was very different having lived within a military environment," adds the T-4 paraplegic. "But the transition became easier than I realized because there were a fair number of disabled students (at Northeastern)."
After earning his undergraduate degree in speech communications in 1989, Ron held various volunteer positions, and started a foundation for youths. While working out at M.I.T.'s track to compete in the National Veterans Wheelchair Games with chum Christine Griffith, the former senior staff attorney at the Disability Law Center in Boston, the two discussed Christine's idea for a foundation that would support young people with disabilities involved in athletics.
Ron clung to Christine's idea and started the Win Foundation, which awards athletes ages five to 18 in need of a sports wheelchair. Requests are allowed for any type of manual wheelchair. "The foundation grew out of the need for parents who could not afford the specialized athletic chairs so their children could participate in sports," Ron said. The foundation remains in limbo until Ron is confident with "a new level of independence."
Soon after entering the West Roxbury VA Hospital last spring, Ron confronted unforeseen problems. He required emergency surgery to rid his body of flesh-eating bacteria. A few weeks later his laptop computer was stolen. Then the Hyannis native battled the vast bureaucracy rampant within the Veterans Administration.
As time neared for Ron to be discharged, a team of physicians suggested removing Ron's pelvis as a solution to preventing recurrence of the skin ulcers to his hips. Ron knew such a radical surgery would end his life. "I told my doctors that was no alternative to quality living and they might as well put me on Morphine and let me die," Ron said.
Along with keeping a keen eye on his skin, Ron has adjusted anew for other reasons. "I notice I had difficulty pushing my wheelchair. I assumed it was due to aging," said the 53-year-old. "But I was mistaken," Ron continues. "A cardiologist at St. Elizabeth's diagnosed me with cardiomyopathy." The heart ailment disallows his daily use of a manual wheelchair but he's learned to operate a power chair and sold his car for a mini-van so he doesn't reinjure his hip during transfers.
Despite the myriad medical problems he endured this past year, the challenges of the VA bureaucracy he plowed through, and adjustments to living anew with his disability, Ron is returning to his active lifestyle. "I harbor the vim and vigor of my great-grand uncle, James Curley," Ron quips. Curley was Mayor of Boston and his mom's great-uncle. A large black-and-white framed photo of Curley smiling hangs on Ron's kitchen wall.
On New Year's Day, Massachusetts lost a longtime friend, advocate, author and gifted man of letters, and the arts. Paul Kahn died of respiratory failure. He was 65. The following words are culled from an e-mail that Paul's childhood friend, Jason Rosenberg, wrote to me on January 5. Jason is a well-known attorney, native of Newton, and served as Chairman of the Newton Mayor's Committee for People with Disabilities from 1975 to 2009.
"I truly am saddened by Paul's death, but must share with you that he was a giant among us, although he could not rise from his wheelchair, and could not "belt" out his words in a booming voice.
Paul and I were among the few people with disabilities to go to public school in the late 1950's and early 60's. We were at Meadowbrook Junior High School (now Brown Middle School) and Newton South High (Class of 1963). There were no elevators, and arrangements were made to accommodate classes to first floors. I think there were just three of us with disabilities at those two schools!
We used to visit each other and so I remember distinctly Paul's parents at their home on Halcyon Road, Newton. Paul's parents were remarkable, and supportive - and people, whom we, when we were teenagers, would describe as really "nice" (when that word had tremendous meaning).
Paul was truly brilliant, articulate, and a gifted artist with paint and with other mediums ("gifted" doesn't really describe the brilliance of his talent). He had a wonderful wry sense of humor, and was so well-read. As an author, his poetry, books and articles were remarkable and spoke to us and on behalf of us.
In the 1970's, we found ourselves crossing paths in the embryonic stages of the Boston Self-Help Center and Boston Independent Living Center, as adults with disabilities began to truly flow into the mainstream populations and institutions. He was a caring and articulate friend to everybody he touched, and a model for people with any type of disability.
Our paths crossed as he became an outspoken and articulate public advocate for people with disabilities. I heard him speak so often in the soft tones which were reflective of part of his disability - yet the words and emotions would penetrate like no other person I knew!
I did not know Paul's folks were still alive. I can still see Bernice and David so vividly from the 1960's! I am touched that my recollections of Paul have also struck a note in all of you.
From Reflections from a Different Journey, edited by Stanley D. Klein, Ph.D., and John D. Kemp. Copyright © 2004 by Stanley D. Klein and John D. Kemp
By Paul Kahn
I wish my parents had known that I would grow up to have a satisfying life a life enriched by independence, fulfilling work, a loving partner, and good friends.
I know my parents worried about me. When I was young there were no laws guaranteeing people with disabilities the right to equal education, community access, and protection against discrimination. My parents had to fight hard to instill in me the capacity to thrive. While much has improved, raising a child with a disability can still be difficult. Reflecting on my own childhood, I have some ideas to share.
I believe human beings have two basic needs: the need to feel competent and independent and the need to belong and be cared about. Having a full life depends on satisfying these needs. But some children with disabilities have difficulty doing that. My physical weakness prevented me from achieving the milestones of independence that I saw other children celebrating learning to walk, dress themselves, ride a bike, swing a baseball bat, and venture off on their own. I remained as dependent as an infant because I needed my parents to do almost everything for me, from dressing and toileting to cutting my food.
It was also difficult for me to feel that I belonged in the world. The physical environment excluded me with steps, curbs, and narrow doors, and I couldn't go to the inaccessible neighborhood schools, where most children find friends. When I was able to venture out with my parents help, people treated me with rude stares or condescension. For me, the normal pathways to independence and belonging were blocked.
Parents can help by guiding their children toward alternative pathways. One most important way my parents guided me was encouraging my artistic creativity. I had a talent for the visual arts, which they nurtured by getting me art lessons, taking me to museums, buying me materials, and engaging in a variety of arts themselves. Drawing, painting, and sculpting gave me a sense of independence and competence because I could do them well and by myself. They also increased my sense of belonging. Through my artwork, I could communicate my feelings and, therefore, felt less alone. The admiration and praise I received from my parents and others made me more confident and outgoing. Sitting at our kitchen table with my paints, crayons, and clay, I felt that I was part of a world of artists where I was valued and accepted, unlike the playground world, where all that seemed to matter was how hard you could hit a ball or throw a punch.
The ability to create has continued to be an important part of my identity. A sense of identity is formed over time. It is a process of challenge and growth for all children, but children with disabilities often struggle harder.
The first stage of identity development is the recognition of being a separate individual. Children with disabilities can find this more difficult if they are overprotected and never cut the proverbial cord. Like me, some may be afraid to assert their individuality because they don't want to upset their parents. My brother, who had the same disability as I in an even more severe form, died when he was nine and I was six. As the survivor, I felt responsible for making up for my parent's loss by being very good and never complaining about the frustrations of being disabled. Denying my anger, I denied who I was.
Parents can help with this stage of identity development by being attentive, but not obsessed. When parents have their own interests and social lives, they and their children are both better off. When children are a parent's whole world, they find it harder to separate and become individuals. I remember hating when my parents left me with a sitter and went out to a movie or to visit friends. Now, I'm grateful they had their lives and tried to let me have mine.
Parents can also help by being respectful of children's feelings. Looking back, I wish my parents had done a better job of helping me cope with my survivor's guilt. But, given their own profound grief, I can understand how overwhelming it might have been for them to pay attention to mine.
The second stage of identity development concerns the beginnings of initiative and independence. Children can have difficulty at this stage if they are unable to become more in control of their bodies, are too tightly supervised, and are not allowed to take some risks. Parents can help in two ways at this stage. First, encourage children to express preferences and make choices. A relatively minor choice, such as letting them decide what clothes they want to wear, can be important. If my mother had taken me shopping, I would have matured by having to practice making decisions and I would have felt that the way I dressed was an expression of my individuality and taste, not hers. Second, encourage children to take as much responsibility as possible. I can still remember the intense satisfaction I got when my father let me help him with household tasks such as painting the trim on the storm windows. If children are supposed to do certain therapies or take certain medications, let them start trying to remember these routines. In this way, they can develop pride and self-confidence, and, in the long run, they will be safer.
In the third stage, older children and adolescents must develop an optimistic sense of what their lives as adults will be like. Children with disabilities can have difficulty envisioning a good life if they don't see a way of becoming independent and don't feel attractive and able to form intimate relationships. When I became a young adult, because there were no personal care attendant programs, I had no idea how I would ever break my dependence on my parents. And, being acutely conscious of how different I was from the conventional standards of attractiveness, I had no sexual self-confidence.
Parents can help at this stage by connecting children with successful adult role models who can demonstrate the real possibilities for the future. Parents can also teach about human sexuality. Discussing this subject openly conveys the message that intimacy can and should be part of everyone's life.
This is also the time to begin making realistic plans for the future when mom and dad won't be around anymore. If children can foresee how they will continue to thrive when that happens, they will face the future with more confidence. For my family, this meant finding a public school system that would accept and accommodate me and prepare me for college and ultimately moving into the community.
As I reflect on my life, I want to emphasize, probably because it was difficult for me, the importance of expressing feelings especially feelings of anger and loss. Sometimes, parents can feel guilty for giving birth to a child with a disability or "allowing" a disabling accident to happen. They feel helpless to ease their child's emotional pain. To avoid their own feelings of guilt and helplessness, they may stifle their child's expression of feelings.
But, experience has led me to appreciate uncomfortable feelings. They are signs of vitality that connect us to each other. Parents can best respond to a child's feelings by listening with empathy and respect. I strongly advise against saying things like: "Be a brave boy and don't cry" or "other children are worse off than you." Such statements can make children feel humiliated and rejected. Parents also need to avoid unloading their feelings on their children. As I did, children can feel responsible for making their parents happy and can feel frightened and guilty, if they see their parents suffering.
Parent's feelings are important, too. From time to time, you will probably feel some sorrow and may ask: "why me?" or "can I cope with this?" But, at the same time, you will experience and relish the usual blessings of parenthood, and you may well discover within yourself personal strength and a capacity for growth that you never would have thought possible. For example, my parents became activists and spearheaded the passage of a state law that created the first of its kind day camp for children like me.
I am very proud of my parents. They weren't perfect, and neither is my life. Living with a severe disability remains a constant challenge that entails managing caregivers, maneuvering through service systems, and taking care of my health. I have been able to meet that challenge because my parents gave me their love and made me feel worthwhile. I strongly believe the most important task of parenting is giving your children a foundation of self-respect. Everything else, your happiness and theirs, flows from that.
You have our permission to reprint Paul's essay in part or in full.
Reprinted from Reflections from a Different Journey: What Adults with
Disabilities Wish All Parents Knew, co-edited by Stanley D. Klein, Ph.D. and John D. Kemp (McGraw-Hill, 2004). To purchase, go to
Thanks very much,
Stanley D. Klein, Ph.D.
Artists With Disabilities Continue to be Featured at the Peace Art Gallery
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital continues to exhibit at the Peace Art Gallery. This gallery features the work of artists with disabilities, including members of the Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission, SRC Artists With Disabilities Task Force, and was initiated by Spaulding's Integrative Medicine Task Force. The goal of this art gallery is to inspire Spaulding's patients and local community artists to express their individual artistic talents through various forms of art, educate staff and patients about various art forms, and increase the awareness of Spaulding staff, patients and families about the value of artistic expression in the healing process.
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital is located at 125 Nashua Street in Boston.
Are you an artist? Become our next Featured Artist; whether it be painting, drawing or writing poetry, submit your works to us via e-mail to
firstname.lastname@example.org or call Lisa Weber at
617-204-3638 for more information.
The Consumer's Voice
Elaine McHugh, Editor
Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission (MRC)
Kasper Goshgarian, Deputy Commissioner
Emeka Nwokeji, Director, Consumer Involvement
Joan Phillips, Assistant Commissioner
Sheila Wojdakowski, HR/Customer Relations
Leslie Wish, ICC Program Coordinator
Lisa Weber, CI Program Coordinator
Mitchell Zahn, Assistant Commissioner
This newsletter is an independent publication sponsored by the Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission (MRC). The opinions expressed in this newsletter do not necessarily reflect the policy and practices of the MRC. They are solely the opinions of consumers of MRC programs and services.
For further information contact Emeka Nwokeji, Director of the Consumer Involvement Program, at 617-204-3665.
To receive the newsletter electronically, send an e-mail to
This information is provided by the Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission.