Health of Massachusetts, 2010 Chapter 6: Infectious Disease

In the 1960s and 1970s, it was thought that infectious diseases were all but conquered in the United States through sanitation, vaccines, antibiotics and infection control. However, this optimism was short-lived, as new diseases emerged and old ones adapted to our efforts toward control and elimination. These 'new diseases' such as HIV infection, Lyme disease, and West Nile virus have demonstrated that new and newly recognized diseases can emerge or readily migrate to our shores. "Old diseases", such as tuberculosis, syphilis, whooping cough, and even mumps, pose new challenges to prevention and control.

Prevention is key to reducing disease, death and further transmission of infectious diseases in the population. Prevention involves vaccines, clinical management, treatment, isolation, quarantine, behavior change, and improvement in the socioeconomic conditions under which people live.

This chapter highlights some of the data of these old and new infectious diseases.

In this chapter

Topics covered in Chapter 8 include: Vaccine-Preventable Infections - Foodborne Illness - Insect and Tickborne Illnesses - Sexually Transmitted Infections - HIV/AIDS - Hepatitis C - Tuberculosis - Policy Perspective: Donna Bright, Director of Evaluation, Research and Planning, JRI Health, a division of Justice Resource Institute

For more data or information on topics in Chapter 6

EEE and West Nile Virus (Arboviruses)

  • For more Massachusetts-specific data: Arborvirus Reports from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Infectious Disease.
  • National Data: West Nile Virus and EEE from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis

  • For more Massachusetts-specific data: STD Surveillance Reports from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Infectious Disease.
  • National Data: STD Statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

HIV / AIDS

Lyme Disease

  • For more Massachusetts-specific data: Lyme Disease Summary Data from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Infectious Disease.
  • National Data: Lyme Disease from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Sexually Transmitted Infections

  • For more Massachusetts-specific data: STD Surveillance Reports from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Infectious Disease.
  • National Data: STD Statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Tuberculosis

List of figures and tables

Download these figures in .jpeg format to use in your own presentations.


This information is provided by the Department of Public Health.