School Fire Prevention
The Fire Safety Division has developed tri-fold pamphlet that provides an overview of the major school fire prevention laws and regulations such as paper on the walls, fire drills, chemistry labs, use of special effects, reporting school fires, storage of cleaning chemicals, and crowd managers for dances. This can be helpful for conversations between school officials and fire prevention officials, especially during the required “363 meetings ” that need to occur each fall before school starts to review the all hazard evacuation plan with the police department. This is also a good time to review how all three agencies – school, fire and police – will respond to school bomb threats.
In 2015, there were 147 fires in schools that caused $6.9 million in property damage. Cooking is the leading cause of fires in schools accounting for 46%. The Mass. Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS, 2015) indicates 10% of school fires were intentionally-set; 15% were indoor rubbish fires (for which cause is not collected but should be considered intentionally-set); and juvenile firesetting accounted for 5%. Since most school fires occur when school is in session, the data indicates 30% of school fires are most likely started by the students themselves. The Martin Luther King School in Cambridge had the greatest loss of property, sustaining $6.5 million in damages.
Adults Must Respond to Juvenile Firesetters: All Fires Start Small
Youth and juvenile firesetters will continue to set fires until they receive appropriate intervention. Adults do not help the young firesetter if they do not react appropriately and swiftly to every fire. All fires start small. If a series of fires are occurring, and schools only call fire and law enforcement when a “big” fire occurs, that pattern of fire setting is undocumented. The child may not get the help they need, and the entire school community is at risk. This is why it is very important for schools to report every fire.
M.G.L. C. 148, S.2A: Reporting of fires in School
A school fire reporting law (M.G.L. C. 148, S.2A) was enacted in 2006 requiring school principals to immediately report ALL fires to the local fire department, regardless of size, or who put it out. Fire officials know that all fires start small, so every fire has the potential to rob the community of a valuable asset - the school itself.
The principal of any public or private school that provides instruction to pupils in any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, shall immediately report any incident involving the unauthorized ignition of any fire within the school building or on school grounds to the local fire department. The principal shall submit a written report of the incident to the head of the fire department within 24 hours on a form furnished by the Department of Fire Services. The report shall be filed without regard to the extent of the fire or whether there was a response by the fire department. The head of the fire department shall report such incident to the marshal in accordance with section 2.
M.G.L. C. 71, S 37L: School Committee Responsibilities
Section 37L. The school committee of each city, town or regional school district shall inform teachers, administrators, and other professional staff of reporting requirements for child abuse and neglect under section 51A of chapter 119 and the reporting requirements for fires under section 2A of chapter 148.