- State Fire Marshal Offers Safety Tips for Burn Awareness Week
- General Burn Safety - an easy to read pamphlet from the Department of Fire Services for use in local burn awareness education campaigns. Adapted with permission from the Burn Center at Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Hot Liquids Burn Like Fire - a flyer on preventing the leading burn problem - scald burns to children under 5.
- 2014 - 2015 YouTube Burn Awareness Video Contest - for high school students
- Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System – M-BIRS Data
- National Burn Awareness Week – Information on burn prevention and educational materials for download or order
- American Burn Association - Information and educational materials for National Burn Awareness Week
- National Fire Protection Association - information on scald burns
- U.S. Fire Administration – information on scald and other burn prevention
Hot Liquid Scalds to Children under 5 Is Leading Burn Injury
The leading burn injury in Massachusetts is hot liquid scalds to children under 5. Here are some tips to prevent burns from hot liquids (scald) burns:
- Don’t hold babies or toddlers while drinking hot coffee or tea. Put your hot beverage down, because a wiggling baby can move your arm and spill the drink.
- Put drinks and soups toward the center of the table away from curious fingers. Babies like to grab things.
- Consider replacing tablecloths with place mats to prevent children from pulling everything on the table onto themselves.
- Create a 3-foot safety zone around the stove and barbecue where children are not allowed, even when no cooking is taking place.
- Turn pot handles inward over the stove.
- Constantly supervise a young child in the bathtub. Place children facing away from faucets, so that they cannot turn on the hot water
If a burn occurs, here’s what to do:
- Remove the victim from the area of danger and call 9-1-1.
- Cool the burn area with cold water; never use grease, butter, ointments, lotions or fats.
- Gently remove any jewelry or watches from the injured area, before it begins to swell.
- Don’t remove any clothing that is sticking to the burn. This could cause further damage and/or infection.
- Cover the burn with a clean sheet or towel, to protect from infection.
Glass Front Fireplaces: Prevent Contact Burns at Home and in Public Places
Glass front fireplaces have surface temperatures of 172 degrees F and have been a cause of contact burns for young children. A new ANSI Z21.50 Standard for Vented Gas Fireplaces that took effect on January 1, 2015 that requires installation of protective barriers on all new installations. However retrofitting previously installed fireplaces is necessary to curtail and prevent these injuries from occurring. The American Academy of Pediatrics has created a public awareness campaign aimed at parents and pediatric physicians. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is also promoting safety information from the Hearth, Patio and Barbecue Association (HPBA). Many of these burns happen outside the home at resorts and hotels, so adults should supervise children as carefully as they would in the presence of a woodstove or wood fireplace when they see glass front fireplaces.
Stop, Drop and Roll
If fire ignites clothing, it is important to remember to Stop, Drop, Cover and Roll. Stop immediately. Gently drop to the ground; Cover your face; and Roll back and forth. Children should be taught to stop, drop and roll if their clothing is on fire, and older children, adults and seniors must be aware that they can do it in a tight space, by rocking back and forth until the flames are out, or using a blanket or coat to smother the flames.