Residents take extra precautions as they return to their flood-damaged homes, apartments or businesses. MEMA cautions that all danger has not passed simply because the water has receded and the structure appears safe.
Hazards include contaminated floodwater, exposed electrical wires and weakened structures.
Before Entering the Building:
- Check the outside for downed wires or gas leak. If detected, notify your utility.
- Look for external damage, particularly cracks in the foundation. If you find obvious damage, have a building inspector check the integrity of the structure before you go in.
- Enter the building carefully. If the door sticks at the top as it opens, the ceiling could be sagging and ready to collapse.
Once Inside the Building:
- Look before you step as floors and stairs may be covered with debris and may be very slippery.
- Be alert for gas leaks. Do not strike a match or use an open flame unless you know the gas has been turned off and the area has been ventilated. Use a flashlight to inspect damage.
- Safely turn off all utilities. Even if the utility company has turned off electrical power to the area, you should immediately shut off the electrical system at the circuit breaker. Have all utility connections inspected before resuming use.
- Document damage with photographs or video.
- Do not run appliances or motors that have gotten wet until they are cleaned and dried.
- Pump out basements gradually, about 1/3 per day to avoid structural damage.
- Anticipate mold. Within days of being waterlogged, drywall, furniture and carpets may develop mold or mildew if not dried and cleaned immediately.
- Dress for safety, wearing a disposable dust mask inside the house to filter mold spores, asbestos, or other contaminants. Wear safety glasses, protective gloves and footwear.
- Hose down the house, as many health hazards are found in the mud and silt that floodwaters leave behind. Shovel as much mud as possible out of the house, then hose it down, inside and outs.
- Be aware of health hazards, as floodwaters pick up sewage and chemicals from roads, farms, factories and storage buildings. Clean and disinfect all items both inside and outside that were exposed to floodwaters.
- When in doubt, throw it out; however do not turn your yard into a dump. Have debris hauled away before it causes additional health concerns.