Current HMA Guidance and Addendum
The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) HMA grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages. These programs include the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA). FEMA Fiscal Year 2015 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance is the current HMA guidance. This document is applicable for disasters declared on or after February 27, 2015.
HMA Job Aids and grant information http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/102051
Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities
FEMA is encouraging communities to incorporate methods to mitigate the impacts of climate change into eligible Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) funded risk reduction activities by providing guidance on Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities.
FEMA has developed Fact Sheets and Job Aids on Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities including green infrastructure methods, expanded ecosystem service benefits, and three flood reduction and drought mitigation activities: Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR), Floodplain and Stream Restoration (FSR), and Flood Diversion and Storage (FDS). FEMA encourages communities to use this information in developing eligible HMA project applications that leverage risk reduction actions and increase resilience to the impacts of climate change.
Green Infrastructure Methods - use a sustainable approach to natural landscape preservation and storm water management that can be used for hazard mitigation activities as well as provide additional ecosystem benefits.
Aquifer Storage and Recovery - captures water when it is abundant, and stores the water in the subsurface, brackish aquifers, and recovers the water when it is needed.
Floodplain and Stream Restoration – is the reestablishment of the structure and function of ecosystems and floodplains to return the ecosystem as closely as possible to its natural conditions and functions prior to being developed.
Flood Diversion and Storage - involves diverting floodwaters from a stream, river, or other body of water into a wetland, floodplain, canal, pipe, or other conduit (e.g., tunnels, wells) and storing the floodwater in above-ground reservoirs, floodplains, wetlands, green infrastructure elements, or other storage facilities.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Guidance
As a Federal agency, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) / Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is required to consider the effects of its actions on the environment and/or historic properties to ensure that all activities and programs funded by the agency, including grants-funded projects, comply with Federal Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations, laws and Executive Orders as applicable. Job aids and supplements are provided below.
Eligibility of Major Flood Risk Reduction Measures Under HMA Programs
FEMA has released the following policy regarding the eligibility of Flood Risk Reduction Measures under HMA programs.
This policy will supersede the portion of the current HMA Unified Guidance (above) concerning eligible flood risk reduction (“flood control”) projects (2013 HMA Guidance; Part IV, Eligibility Information, D.2 Ineligible Activities). With the release of this policy, major projects related to the construction, demolition, or improvement of dams, dikes, levees, floodwalls, seawalls, groins, jetties, breakwaters, and erosion projects related to beach nourishment or re-nourishment, will be eligible for consideration under the HMGP and PDM. This is a major change in the HMA program. These project types will remain ineligible under the FMA program. All projects must comply with federal, state, and local requirements particularly those outlined in the HMA Unified Guidance. HMA Projects must be technically feasible, environmentally sound, and cost-effective according to FEMA’s Benefit Cost Analysis Methodology. Sub-grantees are required to ensure there is no duplication of programs (DOP) under a more specific federal authority.
Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA)
Benefit-cost analysis (BCA) is a standardized, systematic way to measure all of the significant direct benefits of a mitigation project against the costs. A BCA always involves looking at damages and losses twice: before mitigation (the “as-is” situation) and after mitigation. All mitigation grant program applications require a completed Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) to be submitted with the application for funding.