Q:  What is a civil fine?

A:  A civil fine is a monetary fine that may be assessed for a violation of certain statutes and regulations as an alternative to criminal proceedings.

Q:  When will civil fines go into effect?

A:  The Department will begin implementation of civil fines on July 1, 2013. 

Q:  What violations of the hoisting statutes and regulations can result in fines?

A:  Any violation of 520 CMR 6 and M.G.L. c. 146 §§ 53, or 54, including: operation of hoisting equipment without a license; failure to follow special requirements for cranes, derricks, pile drivers, lift trucks, excavating machines, rigging, material platform on bucket hoist and signal systems; failure of short-term rental company to follow Department-approved training program; failure of short-term rental company to have a facilitator in possession of a MA hoisting license; failure of an exempt company (Ex. Public utility company) to have Department-approved training program in place; or allowing an unlicensed person to operate hoisting equipment.

Q:  What violations of the Boiler regulations and statutes can result in fines?

A:  Any violation of 522 CMR or M.G.L. c. 146 §§ 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15, 22, 24, 27, 29, 32, 37, 40, 54A, 70-72, 74, 76, 78, or 79, including: failure to notify the Department of a steam boiler incident resulting in hospitalization or damage in excess of $10,000; failure to post certificate of inspection; performing welded repairs without prior approval of an authorized inspector; failure to have a steam boiler inspected annually; failure to have a hot water boiler inspected internally every 3 years and externally annually; for operating unsafely in relation to excess temperature or pressure; failure to report a boiler location; removing or tampering with safety appliance or boiler tag; acting as an insurance company boiler inspector without a certificate of competency; failure to notify of a safety defect; preventing an inspector’s entrance onto premises, or failure to pay any fees.

Q:  What violations of the Pipefitter, Refrigeration Technician, or Sprinkler Fitter statute can result in fines?

A:  Any violation of M.G.L. c. 146 § 89, including: operating/working as a pipefitter, refrigeration technician, or sprinkler fitter without a license.

Q:  Who may issue or assess fines?

A:  Fines may be issued and assessed by the Commissioner, the Commissioner’s designee, or other authorized persons such as certain authorized inspectors. See M.G.L. c. 22 § 21.

Q:  How much can I be fined?

A:  For the first offense you can either be given a warning, or fined up to $1,000 per violation; for the second offense you can be fined anywhere ranging from $1,000 - $3,000 per violation; and for the third offense and any subsequent offenses you can be fined anywhere ranging from $3,000 - $5,000.  These fine ranges are applicable to all offenses unless specifically stated to be different.

Q:  Will an individual be subject to a subsequent offense fine for a violation occurring before the appeal deadline?

A:  No, a subsequent offense fine will not be issued until the preceding fine has been adjudicated through the appeals process.

Q:  If I am issued a fine by the Department of Public Safety, how long can that offense be used for the purpose of determining whether a subsequent offense fine will be issued?

A:  Subsequent offenses may be considered for a period of up to three years from the date of the initial offense in determining the penalty for a second or third offense. 

Q:  What factors are considered when determining the amount of the fine?

A:  The following factors may be considered by the Department of Public Safety and/or the authorized designee in determining the amount of the penalty:  the willfulness of the violation; previous violations resulting in the imposition of penalties; whether the violation resulted in an accident involving bodily injury or death; the actual or potential danger posed to the public; whether the violator had done everything reasonable to attempt to comply with the law or regulation; whether imposition of the penalty is likely to deter future noncompliance; and the interests of public safety.

Q:  When is payment of a fine due?

A:  Unless an appeal is timely filed, payment of a fine is due within 120 days of receipt of the notice of violation.

Q:  Can I appeal the notice of fine?

A:  Yes, written requests for an administrative appeal must be filed with the Department on the appropriate form within 120 days of receipt of the notice of violation.  Warnings are not subject to appeal.