Shoulder Surfing involves someone watching you from a nearby location as you punch in a telephone calling card number or credit card number. Shoulder surfing can also involve someone listening in on one of your conversations during which you give out your credit card number or personal data over the telephone.

Dumpster Diving involves someone going through garbage cans, a communal dumpster or trash bin to obtain copies of checks, credit cards, bank statements, or other records that typically bear names, addresses or telephone numbers.

The Internet may be utilized to commit identity theft when people respond to unsolicited e-mails such as SPAM that promise benefits but request identifying data.