The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 (amended most recently in 2002) established the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) which administers, among other programs, the Formula Grant Program, the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) and the Title V Grant Program.
The Formula Grant Program is intended to reduce delinquent behavior, improve the functioning of the state juvenile justice systems and ensure appropriate and effective interventions and treatment of alleged juvenile offenders and at-risk youth. The JJDPA has four core requirements that states must comply with in order to receive their full allocation of Formula Grant funds. The core requirements are: deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO) (which requires that status offenders not be detained in secure facilities), jail removal (which requires that alleged juvenile offenders do not spend more than 6 hours in an adult lockup after arrest), sight and sound separation between detained juvenile defendants and adult detainees, and disproportionate minority contact (DMC) (which requires that states attempt to reduce the over-representation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system).
The Formula Grant program allows funds to be used towards 34 program areas (e.g. aftercare/reentry, alternatives to detention, delinquency prevention, mentoring, etc). In Massachusetts the Governor-appointed Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC) has supervisory authority over the Formula Grant funds. Thus, the JJAC decides which program areas to fund and what agencies/localities/organizations should be awarded funds after a competitive grant process.
FFY 2012 - $388,462
FFY 2013 - $392,933
FFY 2014 - $522,593
FFY 2015 - $544,614
The JJAC has voted to dedicate funds (to the extent that they are available) towards the following program areas: Alternatives to Detention, Compliance Monitoring, Disproportionate Minority Contact, Diversion, Juvenile Justice Systems Improvement and Separation from Adult Inmates. Descriptions of these program areas may be found on the OJJDP website. Currently, due to the Commonwealth's non-compliance with the Separation core requirement of the JJDPA, approximately 50% of each year's total award must be allocated to projects designed to ameliorate the inadequate sight and sound separation between juvenile cells and adult cells in many of the Commonwealth's court holding facilities. The Formula Grant funds also support the salaries of the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security's Juvenile Justice Specialist and Compliance Monitor.
Availability of Grant Funds
Notice of Intent to Award Funds to the Massachusetts Essex County District Attorney’s Office
The Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security (EOPSS) intends to award up to $219,000 in FFY 2013 Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) funds to the Essex County District Attorney’s Office to share in the costs associated with delivering a risk assessment tool and educational training on Childhood Trauma for school personnel and law enforcement officials. This project falls under Purpose Area 12 of the JABG program law which authorizes funds to be used for establishing and maintaining programs to conduct risk and needs assessments that facilitate effective early intervention and the provision of comprehensive services, including mental health screening and treatment and substance abuse testing and treatment, to juvenile offenders. Childhood Trauma has been a priority of the Governor’s Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC) and these funds will support the JJAC recommendation of educating stakeholders on the importance of understanding and treating this for at risk youth being served. Funds will be utilized to achieve the goal of this initiative as indicated below:
- Selection or creation of an effective trauma screening instrument designed to identify at risk youth that have experienced trauma for referral to appropriate mental health services.
- A kickoff event- Recognizing and Responding to Childhood Trauma: A National Perspective to discuss childhood trauma and its impact on a young person’s life; and
- Training on the instrument tool for clinical staff.
Upon completion of this pilot, EOPSS will share in the rights of any materials developed and disseminated as a result of this partnership and make all available statewide to other interested districts and stakeholders. The duration of the grant will be approximately 3 months with an anticipated start date of July 1, 2017 and end date of September 30, 2017.
Any questions about this best value posting can be directed to Deputy Executive Director, Kevin Stanton at 617-725-3363.
The Coalition for Juvenile Justice http://www.juvjustice.org/
National Center for Juvenile Justice http://www.ncjj.org/
The Annie E. Casey Foundation http://www.aecf.org/
Citizens for Juvenile Justice http://www.cfjj.org/
Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee http://www.mass.gov/eopss/law-enforce-and-cj/justice-prev/jjac/
Information on Model Programs:
OJJDP Model Programs Guide http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/
Blueprints for Violence Prevention (model programs) http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/blueprints/
Information on Juvenile Detention Matters:
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/208804.pdf
National Juvenile Defender Center (article) - http://www.njdc.info/
Information on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC):
The W. Haywood Burns Institute http://www.burnsinstitute.org/
The Sentencing Project http://www.sentencingproject.org/template/index.cfm