The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 (amended most recently in 2002) established the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) which administers, among other programs, the Formula Grant Program, the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) and the Title V Grant Program.
The Formula Grant Program is intended to reduce delinquent behavior, improve the functioning of the state juvenile justice systems and ensure appropriate and effective interventions and treatment of alleged juvenile offenders and at-risk youth. The JJDPA has four core requirements that states must comply with in order to receive their full allocation of Formula Grant funds. The core requirements are: deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO) (which requires that status offenders not be detained in secure facilities), jail removal (which requires that alleged juvenile offenders do not spend more than 6 hours in an adult lockup after arrest), sight and sound separation between detained juvenile defendants and adult detainees, and disproportionate minority contact (DMC) (which requires that states attempt to reduce the over-representation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system).
The Formula Grant program allows funds to be used towards 34 program areas (e.g. aftercare/reentry, alternatives to detention, delinquency prevention, mentoring, etc). In Massachusetts the Governor-appointed Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC) has supervisory authority over the Formula Grant funds. Thus, the JJAC decides which program areas to fund and what agencies/localities/organizations should be awarded funds after a competitive grant process.
FFY 2009 - $1,110,000
FFY 2010 - $1,062,000
FFY 2011 - $707,554
The JJAC has voted to use remaining FFY 2009 and FFY 2010 Formula Grant programmatic funds (a combined total of approximately $810,000) on alternatives to detention and/or DMC programs. Most FFY 2011 programmatic funds will be spent on reducing sight and sound separation violations due to OJJDP’s finding of the Commonwealth’s non-compliance with the sight and sound separation core requirement of the JJDPA.
Availability of Grant Funds
Please see: "JJDPA Formula Grant Availability of Grant Funds" at http://www.mass.gov/eopss/funding-and-training/justice-and-prev/grants/jjdpa-formula-grant-program-availability-of-funds.html
The Coalition for Juvenile Justice http://www.juvjustice.org/
National Center for Juvenile Justice http://www.ncjj.org/
The Annie E. Casey Foundation http://www.aecf.org/
Citizens for Juvenile Justice http://www.cfjj.org/
Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee http://www.mass.gov/eopss/law-enforce-and-cj/justice-prev/jjac/
Information on Model Programs:
OJJDP Model Programs Guide http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/
Blueprints for Violence Prevention (model programs) http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/blueprints/
Information on Juvenile Detention Matters:
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/208804.pdf
Justice Policy Institute - http://www.justicepolicy.org/images/upload/06-11_REP_DangersOfDetention_JJ.pdf
National Juvenile Defender Center (article) - http://www.njdc.info/pdf/factsheetdetention.pdf
Information on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC):
The W. Haywood Burns Institute http://www.burnsinstitute.org/article.php?id=59
The Sentencing Project http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/jj_DMCfactsheet.pdf