The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 (amended most recently in 2002) established the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) which administers, among other programs, the Formula Grant Program, the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) and the Title V Grant Program.
The Formula Grant Program is intended to reduce delinquent behavior, improve the functioning of the state juvenile justice systems and ensure appropriate and effective interventions and treatment of alleged juvenile offenders and at-risk youth. The JJDPA has four core requirements that states must comply with in order to receive their full allocation of Formula Grant funds. The core requirements are: deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO) (which requires that status offenders not be detained in secure facilities), jail removal (which requires that alleged juvenile offenders do not spend more than 6 hours in an adult lockup after arrest), sight and sound separation between detained juvenile defendants and adult detainees, and disproportionate minority contact (DMC) (which requires that states attempt to reduce the over-representation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system).
The Formula Grant program allows funds to be used towards 34 program areas (e.g. aftercare/reentry, alternatives to detention, delinquency prevention, mentoring, etc). In Massachusetts the Governor-appointed Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC) has supervisory authority over the Formula Grant funds. Thus, the JJAC decides which program areas to fund and what agencies/localities/organizations should be awarded funds after a competitive grant process.
FFY 2012 - $388,462
FFY 2013 - $392,933
FFY 2014 - $522,593
FFY 2015 - $544,614
The JJAC has voted to dedicate funds (to the extent that they are available) towards the following program areas: Alternatives to Detention, Compliance Monitoring, Disproportionate Minority Contact, Diversion, Juvenile Justice Systems Improvement and Separation from Adult Inmates. Descriptions of these program areas may be found on the OJJDP website. Currently, due to the Commonwealth's non-compliance with the Separation core requirement of the JJDPA, approximately 50% of each year's total award must be allocated to projects designed to ameliorate the inadequate sight and sound separation between juvenile cells and adult cells in many of the Commonwealth's court holding facilities. The Formula Grant funds also support the salaries of the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security's Juvenile Justice Specialist and Compliance Monitor.
Availability of Grant Funds
Notice of Intent to Award Funds to Massachusetts Department of Youth Services (DYS)
The Executive Office of Public Safety and Security intends to award $26,007 in FFY 2013/2014 Title II/Formula Grant funds to the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services (DYS). This project falls under the “Juvenile Justice Systems Change” Title II/Formula Grant Program Area which has been identified by the Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee as an important Program Area under which funds should be invested.
Funds will be utilized to enhance a comprehensive and collaborative approach to emerging juvenile justice issues within the Commonwealth. The services to be provided include a training series with national experts in the juvenile justice field to address a wide range of important topics concerning effective approaches towards working with at-risk and system-involved youth. The services will provide a strategy that will bring more cohesion to the juvenile justice system around cutting edge research and practice that has been recognized on a national level. DYS is the sole agency with the capacity and expertise to implement the proposed project.
The duration of the grant will be approximately 8 months with anticipated start and end dates of December 1, 2015 and July 15, 2016.
The Coalition for Juvenile Justice http://www.juvjustice.org/
National Center for Juvenile Justice http://www.ncjj.org/
The Annie E. Casey Foundation http://www.aecf.org/
Citizens for Juvenile Justice http://www.cfjj.org/
Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee http://www.mass.gov/eopss/law-enforce-and-cj/justice-prev/jjac/
Information on Model Programs:
OJJDP Model Programs Guide http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/
Blueprints for Violence Prevention (model programs) http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/blueprints/
Information on Juvenile Detention Matters:
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/208804.pdf
National Juvenile Defender Center (article) - http://www.njdc.info/
Information on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC):
The W. Haywood Burns Institute http://www.burnsinstitute.org/
The Sentencing Project http://www.sentencingproject.org/template/index.cfm