On July 7, 2015 the bill was referred to the Telecommunications, Utilities and Energy Committee for a hearing on September 29, 2015. Actions for Bill S.1965
July 9, 2015
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives,
I am pleased to submit for your consideration, “An Act Relative to energy sector compliance with the Global Warming Solutions Act.”
The Global Warming Solutions Act (“GWSA”) required the Commonwealth to establish goals for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and 2050. The goals we chose were aggressive ones: a reduction of 25% below 1990 levels by 2020 and a reduction of 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. In 2010, when the first Climate Change Plan was proposed to meet these goals, one significant assumption included the procurement of approximately 1,200 megawatts (“MWs”) of hydroelectric power to be delivered to Massachusetts to meet the 2020 goal. The 2010 Plan assumed that delivery of this hydroelectric power would account for a full 5.3% of the targeted 25% reduction. This power has not yet been procured, and we are at risk of not meeting our 2020 goal.
This legislation requires Massachusetts’ electric distribution companies to jointly and competitively solicit long-term contracts for clean energy generation resources and associated transmission with the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources. Although electric distribution companies can procure hydroelectric power under existing law, they have not done so yet, and it is highly unlikely that they will absent legislation authorizing long-term contracts. This legislation authorizes those contracts for both stand-alone firm hydroelectric power and new Class I RPS resources as long as they are firmed up with hydroelectric power.
The legislation also authorizes regional collaboration to facilitate a regional procurement of clean energy generation resources. Connecticut and Rhode Island currently have explicit statutory authority for utility companies to enter into these sort of long-term contracts. This legislation will bring Massachusetts in line with our neighbors, and enable us to work together to diversify our energy generation mix—in both Massachusetts and New England as a whole—in a cost-effective manner.
This legislation is intended to ensure that approximately 1,200 MWs of hydroelectric power is delivered to Massachusetts so that we can meet our goals under the GWSA. I urge your prompt enactment of this legislation.
Charles D. Baker
AN ACT Relative to energy sector compliance with the Global Warming Solutions Act
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
SECTION 1. (a) For the purposes of this section the following terms, shall, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, have the following meanings:-
“Affiliate”, any corporation, society, trust, association, partnership or individual that is, directly or indirectly, partially or wholly owned or controlled by the same parent company as a distribution company.
“Clean energy generation resources”, either (1) firm service hydroelectric generation from hydroelectric generation alone; or (2) new Class I RPS eligible resources that are firmed up with firm service hydroelectric generation.
“Contract date”, the date of execution of a long-term contract pursuant to this section.
“Firm service hydroelectric generation”, hydroelectric generation provided without interruption for a period designated in a contract, subject to reasonable force majeure interruptions that may be negotiated under said contract, including but not limited to multiple hydroelectric run-of-the-river generation units managed in a portfolio that creates firm service through the diversity of multiple units.
“New Class I RPS eligible resources”, Class I renewable energy generating sources as defined in section 11F of chapter 25A that have not commenced commercial operation prior to a contract date or represent the net increase from incremental new generating capacity at an existing facility after a contract date.
“Long-term contracts”, contracts for a period of 15 to 25 years.
“Project affiliation”, when a transmission or generation project is, directly or indirectly, partially or wholly owned or controlled by a distribution company or by an affiliate of a distribution company or the parent company of a distribution company.
(b) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, all distribution companies, as defined in section 1 of chapter 164 of the General Laws, shall, together with the department of energy resources, jointly and competitively solicit proposals for clean energy generation resources to deliver no more than an annual amount of electricity of approximately 18,900,000 megawatt-hours via long-term contracts to be executed by the distribution companies and, provided the department of energy resources determines reasonable proposals have been received pursuant to subsection (c), enter into cost-effective long-term contracts for an annual amount of electricity of approximately 9,450,000 megawatt-hours per project. Initial solicitations under this section shall commence no later than April 1, 2016.
(c) The department of energy resources shall coordinate, through a schedule or staggered schedule designated by the department of energy resources, one or more solicitations pursuant to subsection (b). Such solicitations may be done jointly with other New England states or entities designated by said states. If the department of energy resources determines that reasonable proposals were not received pursuant to a solicitation, the department of energy resources may terminate the solicitation. The department of energy resources shall determine whether an additional solicitation is necessary to ensure that clean energy generation resources are procured in a cost-effective manner on a long-term basis to meet the Commonwealth’s goals pursuant to Chapter 298 of the Acts of 2008.
(d) The solicitations and subsequent procurements of resources may include proposals for electric transmission to interconnect load centers in the New England control area with regions or areas where clean energy generation resources may be available. Such transmission proposals may provide for procurement separate from the power purchase agreement for the clean energy generation resources or may bundle the transmission into the power purchase agreement. To the extent transmission is unbundled from the power purchase agreement it shall be pursued through the rules of the federal energy regulatory commission. In such case, the department of energy resources shall have the authority to determine whether the transmission shall be pursued through (1) an elective transmission upgrade, (2) under the rules applicable to transmission advanced to meet public policy requirements, as such terms are used by the federal energy regulatory commission; or (3) such other means available under federal rules as appropriate.
(e) A draft of the request for proposals to be used in any solicitation under this section shall be filed with the department of public utilities for review and approval prior to issuance and the department of public utilities shall issue a decision within thirty days of the close of the public comment period.
(f) If a solicitation is not terminated pursuant to section (c), then the distribution companies and the department of energy resources shall jointly evaluate any bids received for the purposes of selecting a winning bidder. If there is a disagreement between or among the distribution companies or with the department of energy resources, as to the selection of a winning bidder, then the disagreement shall be submitted to the office of the attorney general for a decision within 90 days. The attorney general shall authorize the selection of a winning bidder only upon a finding that the project is cost-effective and the selection of a winning bidder is not unduly influenced by a project affiliation.
(g) Any long-term contracts executed in accordance with this section shall be subject to the approval of the department of public utilities, provided that the department of public utilities shall approve a contract only upon a finding that it is a cost-effective means for procuring clean energy generation resources on a long-term basis to meet the Commonwealth’s goals set forth in Chapter 298 of the Acts of 2008.
(h) A distribution company may elect to use any energy, capacity, or renewable energy certificates purchased under any long-term contract executed in accordance with this section for resale to its customers. If the energy, capacity, or renewable energy certificates are not so used, such companies shall sell such purchased energy, capacity, or renewable energy certificates in the wholesale market through a competitive bid process.
(i) If a distribution company sells such purchased energy, capacity, or renewable energy certificates in the wholesale market, the distribution company shall net the cost of payments made under the long-term contracts against the proceeds obtained from the sales, and the difference shall be credited or charged to all distribution customers through a non-bypassable rate included in distribution rates, subject to the review and approval of the department of public utilities.
(j) The department of energy resources may promulgate rules and regulations consistent with this section and may hire experts or consultants to assist in: (1) the development of said rules and regulations and (2) the management and coordination of the solicitation or solicitations, the project evaluation process, and approval proceedings. The costs associated with hiring said experts or consultants shall be paid from the alternative compliance payment fund overseen by the department of energy resources.
(k) Any contracts procured under this section shall contain provisions that require an appropriate unit-specific tracking system to enable an accounting of the delivery of clean energy generation resources.
(l) The invalidity or unenforceability of any provisions of this section shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision of this section, which shall remain in full force and effect.