Apprentice: Is an individual who is employed to learn an apprenticeable occupation or profession and is registered with a sponsor in an approved apprenticeship program.

Apprenticeable occupation: Is a skilled trade(s) or craft(s) profession requiring special abilities which has been recognized by the United States Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeship, Training, Employer, and Labor Services and by the Department of Workforce Development.

Apprenticeship committee: A entity approved to perform apprenticeship and training services for employers and employees.

Apprenticeship program: A plan for administering an apprenticeship agreement(s). The plan must contain all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment and training of apprentices, including such matters as the requirement for a written apprenticeship agreement.

Approved: Approved by the Massachusetts Division of Apprentice Standards (DAS)

CFR: The Code of Federal Regulations; CFR 29-29 & CFR 229-30.

Cancellation: The termination of the registration or approval status of a program at the request of the supervisor or sponsor. Cancellation also refers to the termination of an apprenticeship agreement at the request of the apprentice, supervisor, or sponsor.

Certificate of completion: A record of the successful completion of a term of apprenticeship (i.e. an award, certificate or diploma).

Certification: Written approval by DAS of:

  • A set of apprenticeship standards established by an apprenticeship program sponsor and substantially conforming to the standards established by DAT.
  • An individual as eligible for probationary employment as an apprentice under a registered apprenticeship program.

Employer: Any person or organization employing an apprentice whether or not such person or organization is a party to an apprenticeship agreement with the apprentice. "Employer" includes both union and open shop employers.

Individual agreement: A written agreement between an apprentice and/or trainee and either the apprentice's employer or an apprenticeship committee acting as agent for the employer.

Industry wide standards: The current, acceptable trade practices, including technological advancements that are being used in the different trades.

Joint: Indicates a program that is jointly sponsored by a group of employers and a labor organization with a collective bargaining agreement. It is administered by employer and employee representatives from an apprenticeship and training committee composed equally from management and labor.

Non-joint Open Shop Program: Indicates a program where there is no labor organization or collective bargaining agreement. It is sponsored by an employer or an employer association and administered by an apprenticeship committee composed equally from employer and employee representatives.

Journey level: An individual who has sufficient skills and knowledge of a trade, craft, or occupation, either through formal apprenticeship training or through practical on-the-job work experience, to be recognized by a state or federal registration agency and/or an industry as being fully qualified to perform the work of the trade, craft, or occupation. Practical experience must be equal to or greater than the term of apprenticeship. Journeypersons in licensed trades will not be counted toward the ratio unless properly licensed pursuant to the relevant Massachusetts statutes. Nor will an unlicensed journeyperson be counted as an apprentice toward the job site ratio unless registered with DAS.

On-the-job training program: A 6- to 24-month training program that does not have a related technical instruction component.

Petitions, requests, and correspondence: Any written business brought before DAS (examples may include: (1) Requests for new committees (2) Requests for revisions to the standards; and (3) Appeals).

Plant: Indicates a program for a single physical location or a group of physical locations owned by the sponsor.

Prevailing Wage: A wage rate set by the Department of Labor Standards applicable to workers on public construction projects and certain other public works contracts.


  • Initial: The initial period following the apprentice's acceptance into the program which is limited in time by these rules and during which the apprentice's appeal rights are impaired.
  • Disciplinary: A time assessed when the apprentice's progress is not satisfactory. During this time the program sponsor may withhold periodic wage advancements, suspend or cancel the apprenticeship agreement, or take further disciplinary action. A disciplinary probation may only be assessed after the initial probation is completed. During the disciplinary probation, the apprentice has the right to file an appeal of the committee's action with the DAS.

Related Technical Instruction: Instruction approved by the DAS and the program sponsor and taught by an approved instructor. Instructors must be competent in their trade or occupation. The instructional content is and remains reasonably consistent with the latest trade practices, improvements, and technical advances. A sponsor must review related technical instruction annually to insure that it is relevant and current. A minimum of 150 hours is required per year.

Sponsor: Any person, firm, association, committee, or organization operating an approved apprenticeship and training program.

Standards: A written agreement containing specific provisions for operation and administration of the apprenticeship program and all terms and conditions for the qualifications, recruitment, selection, employment, and training of apprentices.

Supervision: The necessary education, assistance, and control provided by one or more journey-level employees who is on the same job site at least 75 percent of each working day, unless otherwise approved by DAS.

Suspension: To render an apprentice or sponsor ineffective temporarily. During a suspension an apprentice agreement is void.

Trade: Any apprenticeable occupation defined by the Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeship, Training, Employer, and Labor Services.

Trainee: An individual registered as an apprentice in an apprenticeship program approved by DAS.

Training agreement: A written agreement between DAT and a program sponsor that contains the provisions of the apprenticeship program.

Work Process: A list of skills, which sets forth what the apprentice is to learn and perform. When the apprentice's productivity and proficiency have reached the level of skill specified by the work process, and has also completed the number of hours required, the apprentice will have reached the Journeyperson skill level.