Supreme Judicial Court, May 19, 2014

Because, under applicable immigration law, the conviction of a noncitizen of possession with intent to distribute cocaine makes deportation or removal from the United States automatic or "presumptively mandatory," see Padilla v. Kentucky, 559 U.S. 356, 368-369 (2010), counsel’s advice to his client that if he plead guilty to the drug charges he would be “eligible for deportation” was incomplete and constitutionally deficient.