|To:||Chief Fiscal Officers, MMARS Liaisons, and Payroll Directors|
|From:||Martin J. Benison, Comptroller|
|Date:||January 21, 2010|
|Re:||Tax and Payroll Updates for 2010|
HR/CMS must be updated to comply with a number of IRS and DOR requirements regarding employer responsibilities for tax year 2010. This memo highlights the requirements and the necessary department actions to be compliant.
DEFERRED COMPENSATION lIMITS - The IRS has announced the cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) applicable to dollar limits on benefits and contributions under qualified retirement plans, as well as other items, for tax year 2010. The annual limits for 457 and 403B elective deferrals remain unchanged at $16,500. The annual limit for catch-up contributions is also unchanged at $33,000. The annual limit for catch-up contributions for individuals age 50 or over is $5,500;
NEW HIRES - The United States Customs and Immigration Services has created a new Employment Authorization Section on their website with instructions and a helpful Frequently Asked Questions About Employment Eligibility. See the website at http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis.
SOCIAL SECURITY VERIFICATION - Over the course of the year, new hires have been securely submitted to the Social Security Administration for verification. CTR staff contacted individual departments to resolve any discrepancies. To ensure future benefits, these discrepancies must be resolved.
W-4 - If an employee wishes to claim EXEMPT from withholding taxes, (s)he must indicate this by filing a new Form W-4 by February 15 th of each year. If the employee fails to submit a new Form W-4, the employer must withhold as "Single" with "0" (zero) withholding allowances.
W-5 - All Earned Income Credit Advance Payment Certificates expired at calendar year end. Eligible employees who want to receive advance payments of the earned income credit in 2010 must submit a new Form W-5 to their department payroll office. HR/CMS has automatically reset the EIC status. Departments must re-enter this information into HR/CMS. Form W-5 can be found at http://www.irs.gov/.
FEDERAL TAX LEVY EXEMPTION TABLES - The IRS issues Publication 1494 regarding the amount of "personal exemption" amounts to be used for calculating levies in 2010. When available, HR/CMS will be updated with the 2010 rates. Levies from prior years do not need to be updated unless the employee submits a new Form 668-W. Deductions will continue based on the original year's exemption tables and rates.
QUALIFIED TRANSPORTATION PARKING BENEFITS - Pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code Section 132(f), IRS Publication 15-b, and Department of Revenue Technical Information Releases (TIR) 05-16 Section IV. A., employers who provide employees with free parking valued in excess of the federal and state exclusion amounts are required to add any excess value as part of the employee's gross income for tax reporting and withholding purposes. The federal and state exclusion amount for tax year 2010 is $ 230 per month.
Fair Market Value of Parking in the State House, McCormack, Hurley/Lindemann Garages and the Outside Guaranteed Reserved Spaces at the State House.
The Bureau of State Office Buildings (BSB) has conducted the annual survey of Government Center parking rates. BSB has determined that the fair market value is $394 per month, effective January 1, 2010 for qualified parking in the State House, McCormack, Hurley/Lindemann Building parking garages and outside guaranteed reserved spaces at the State House. Public parking garages in the immediate vicinity were identified and a comparable lot was selected based on the most reasonable rates. This is the same rate as last year, thus the current imputed amounts do not need to change in HR/CMS.
Since the fair market value exceeds the $230 federal and state exclusion thresholds, beginning February 2010, Payroll Directors must continue to apply the imputed value for both federal and state taxes for parking to $164 per month for all employees assigned parking in these facilities.
In HR/CMS the parking benefit is processed one month in arrears. Therefore, the parking benefits for January 2010 will be reflected in the February 2010 payroll.
Parking Provided in Garages Other Than Those Listed Above
If your Department provides some employees with free employer-provided parking that is not listed above, you are required to annually determine the monthly fair market value of this non-cash parking benefit. IRS guidance requires that the fair market value be determined based on either:
Departments that provide free parking in facilities other than the McCormack, State House, Hurley/Lindemann Building and Merrimac Street lots should re-determine the fair market value of this parking fringe benefit for tax year 2010. Please refer to IRS Publication 15- B, "Employers Tax Guide To Fringe Benefits", for additional guidance on non-cash fringe benefits and use the exclusion amounts outlined in this memo (Federal/State $230).
Periodically, the Office of the Comptroller will review the status of employee records as they relate to benefit and tax requirements as well as the department evaluations of parking values assigned.
Tax Reporting Requirements Based upon "Access", Not Employee "Use" of Parking
With the limited exception of the few state employees who are assigned "non-personal use vehicles", there are no exemptions from the tax reporting and withholding requirements for employer-provided parking (even if the parking is required to perform their jobs). The value of a parking fringe benefit is determined by the parking "access" provided to an employee, not by the actual "use" of the parking space by an employee. The value of the parking benefit is the same whether an employee is assigned a reserved parking space or granted guaranteed access to unassigned spaces.
Type of Commonwealth-Provided Parking That Does Not Require Tax Reporting
The following types of Commonwealth-provided parking have been determined not to trigger the state and federal tax reporting requirements:
Since Payroll Directors are responsible for reporting qualified parking fringe benefits as part of payroll, Departments should continue to coordinate all parking assignments with their Payroll Directors. Parking assignments should be included as part of each employee's employment file.Entering a Recurring Parking Non-Cash Benefit in HR/CMS
HR/CMS uses a single code to calculate both federal and state gross tax amounts. Departments should follow the Job Aid regarding parking non-cash benefit in HR/CMS Knowledge Center http://www.hrcms.state.ma.us/ ). This benefit is processed one month in arrears. In HR/CMS, the January benefit is not processed until the February payroll.
Attachment B- "Employee Non-Cash Parking Benefit HR/CMS Selection Form" is available for new employees receiving the qualified parking fringe benefit, or for employees changing deduction frequency.
Qualified Transportation Transit Benefit - For tax year 2010, employees that have MBTA Transit Pass costs deducted from their pay are entitled to receive a monthly pre-tax deduction up to $230. These deductions in HR/CMS are set-up as pre-tax for both Federal and Massachusetts withholdings up to the limit. Where the monthly limit exceeds the pre-tax limit, the taxable portion of the deduction appears on paystubs as MBTTAX. Departments must ensure transit deductions are set-up correctly. Transit Pass Deductions are taken one month in advance, February's Pass is purchased in the first pay period of January.
If you have any questions, please contact the Payroll Office or Tax Clearinghouse at (617) 727-5000.