The Bay State or the Old Bay State is the nickname most commonly attached to Massachusetts. She is also occasionally referred to as the Old Colony State, the Puritan State, and the Baked Bean State.

Johnny Appleseed

State Folk Hero

Johnny Appleseed was designated the official folk hero of the Commonwealth on August 2, 1996. Appleseed was born John Chapman and lived from 1775(?)-1845. An American pioneer and hero of folklore, his planting of apple trees from New England to the Ohio River valley earned him his more popular name.

State Folk Song

"Massachusetts," words and music by Arlo Guthrie, was adopted by the Legislature in July 1981 as the official folk song of the Commonwealth.

Boston Terrier

State Dog

The Boston Terrier first purebred dog developed in America (1869); a cross between an English bulldog and an English terrier. It was recognized by the Legislature in 1979.

Tabby Cat

State Cat

The Tabby Cat was made the official state cat in 1988, in response to the wishes of the schoolchildren of Massachusetts.

Morgan Horse

State Horse

The Morgan Horse descended from a little bay stallion born in West Springfield, MA, in 1789. Named "Figure" by his owner, schoolteacher and singing master, Justin Morgan, he could outrun and outwork any horse in the area. Later, he became known by his master's name, "Justin Morgan". The sturdy breed bearing his name was adopted as the state horse in 1970.

Black-Capped Chickadee

State Bird

The Black-Capped Chickadee was adopted as the State Bird by the Massachusetts Legislature on March 21, 1941. At four to five inches in size, its tail accounts for nearly half its length. General coloring is ashy-grey, with a brownish back; the crown, nape, chin, and throat are black, and its cheeks white. Nesting in stumps, trees, or fence posts near the ground, it is a cheerful bird with a pleasing call: "Chick-adee-dee-dee".


State Insect

The Ladybug; also lady beetle, ladybird, ladyfly, etc. Most common in the state is the Two-Spotted Lady Beetle. Its head is black with pale yellowish margins; elytra reddish, with two black spots. Idea originated in 1974 with a second-grade class in the Town of Franklin.


State Fish

The Cod. A soft-finned fish, usually 10-20 lbs. With olive gray coloring and lateral lines of a paler shade of gray, the cod has remained a symbol of the Commonwealth's economic beginnings for over 200 years. Indians and Pilgrims used them as common food and fertilizer. A sculpture of a cod hangs in the House of Representatives as a tribute to this sea creature.

Dinosaur Tracks fossil

State Fossil

The Dinosaur Tracks in Massachusetts, which were made over 200 million years ago. In Granby, the prints of a theropod dinosaur fifty feet in length from head to tail (the first record of a theropod of such magnitude), were found. They were made the official fossil in 1980.


State Flower

The Mayflower also commonly known as the ground laurel or trailing arbutus, was adopted as the official flower of the Commonwealth by the General Court on May 1, 1918. A fragrant, pink or white, spring-blooming five petal flower, it grows in woods, preferring sandy or rocky soil, under or near evergreens. Unfortunately, since 1925 it has been on the endangered list.

Corn Muffin

State Muffin

The schoolchildren of Massachusetts petitioned for the Corn Muffin, a staple of New England cooking, and the Legislature made it official in 1986.


State Beverage

Cranberry Juice was named the beverage of the Commonwealth on May 4, 1970. This was a tribute to the great Massachusetts cranberry industry.

State Dessert

The Boston Cream Pie, created in the 19th century, was chosen as the official state dessert on December 12, 1996. A civics class from Norton High School sponsored the bill. The pie beat out other candidates, including the toll house cookie and Indian pudding.

Chocolate Chip Cookie

State Cookie

The Chocolate Chip Cookie was designated the official cookie of the Commonwealth on July 9, 1997. A third grade class from Somerset proposed the bill to honor the cookie invented in 1930 at the Toll House Restaurant in Whitman.

State flag next to the Golden Dome

State Flag

The State Flag is white, bearing on both sides a representation of the coat of arms like the state seal (except that the five-pointed star is white instead of silver).

State seal

State Seal

The State Seal, adopted by Governor John Hancock and the Council on December 13, 1780 and made official by the General Court on June 4, 1885, is circular and bears a representation of the arms of the Commonwealth encircled with the words, "Sigillum Reipublicae Massachusettensis".