Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: 1809-1810
Born in Boston, the son of a mechanic, Gore attended Harvard College and studied the law. A member of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention, he served as a representative in the General Court from 1788-89, before being named U.S. Attorney for the District of Massachusetts (1789-1796). He was made Commissioner to England (1796-1803) and served as Charge d'Affairs in London. He served again in the Massachusetts House and Senate before challenging incumbent Governor Levi Lincoln and winning the Governorship.
Massachusetts' economy received a much-needed boost during Governor Gore's administration when the embargo against Great Britain was suspended and trade with England began running again through Bay State ports. Defeated after his first term in 1810 by Elbridge Gerry, Gore was soon appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill James Lloyd's seat, which Gore was reelected to and served in until May 1816.
Gore was a mentor to Daniel Webster and lived as gentleman farmer at his estate in Waltham. He was proud of his farm's produce and kept a stall in Faneuil Hall from which it was marketed. Gore and his wife, Rebecca (Payne) were childless. They left the largest bequeath to that date to Harvard College, which was used to build Gore Hall, the College's first library facility.