Alexander Hamilton Bullock
Painting: by Horace Robbins Burdick, 1893

Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: 1866-1869

Alexander Hamilton Bullock graduated from Amherst College before studying law with former Governor Emory Washburn. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1840. He practiced law in Worcester, entering public life as an aide to Governor John Davis. Mr. Bullock edited partisan newspapers around the elections of 1844 and 1848. He was elected as a member of Massachusetts' lower house (1845-1848) and to the Massachusetts Senate in 1849.

After returning to his legal practice, Mr. Bullock was appointed the Commissioner of Insolvency, and served as a judge in the court of Insolvency, 1856-1858. He was Mayor of Worcester in 1859. Mr. Bullock returned to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1861-65 and was elected its Speaker in 1862.

As a Republican, he won three gubernatorial terms, which focused on restoring a sense of normalcy after the Civil War. Bullock improved the financial health of the Commonwealth, paying off many wartime obligations. Additionally, he argued against establishing a special system of Soldiers Homes for disabled, infirm, or impoverished veterans. Bullock understood indigence, but viewed the proposal with conservative skepticism, saying, "there is a feeling against adding another to our large permanent institutions on the twofold ground that it would tend to pauperize the soldier, and that the money which should be expended for his benefit would be absorbed by the necessary salaries and incidentals of a great establishment."

Governor Bullock declined to run for a fourth term and retired from public service. He returned to Worcester, where he was named President of the State Mutual Life Insurance Company and served as President of the Worcester County Institute for Savings.