Joseph Dudley
Painting: by Lyle Durgin, 1901

President, Dominion of New England: 1686, 1702-1715

In May of 1686, the Massachusetts Bay Colony came to an end, as Joseph Dudley became President of New England under a commission of King James II. He established his authority later in New Hampshire and the King's Province (part of today's Rhode Island), maintaining this position until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the New England Dominion. Dudley continued on as a member of Governor Andros' council.

The Dominion was short-lived and both Andros and Dudley were sent back to England during its "Glorious Revolution" to answer for their actions. Dudley served the crown in New York and returned to England to become the Governor of the Isle of Wight. Years later in 1702, Dudley was again commissioned to govern Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

Though it was sixteen years later, Massachusetts colonists remembered Dudley's support of the popularly hated Governor Andros. Governor Dudley began his administration in an air of mistrust, which he did little to overcome in the following years. He set about purging old political foes and by the end of his service in 1715, he had fostered a legacy of resentment and suspicion, which permanently attached itself to the Royal Governorship.