Acting Royal Governor of Massachusetts: 1749-1753, 1756-1757
Spencer Phips took office twice in the absence of Governor William Shirley. First, in 1749 when Shirley took several years leave to participate in boundary negotiations with France. Later in 1756, he took over again when Governor Shirley returned to England to defend himself against charges of treason and incompetence.
Phips, the nephew of former governor and treasure hunter Sir William Phips, was predominantly occupied with creating a peace treaty with native tribes near Falmouth. His efforts were disrupted by continued violence by English settlers, which never allowed sufficient peace to conclude his negotiations.
Acting Governor Phips died in April 1757 while serving in office.