The State Auditor's office audits all state entities and related activities at least once every two years. The purpose of these audits is to review and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of state operations and to ensure that state resources are used in accordance with applicable law.
The Office of the Inspector General has a broad mandate to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse in government. It conducts operational and management reviews, analyzes legislation and regulations, provides technical assistance, and conducts civil and criminal investigations. The Governor, State Auditor, and Attorney General appoint the Inspector General to a five-year term.
Legislative oversight is an important part of government accountability. Typically, legislative standing committees are responsible for continuous review of the work of the state agencies in their subject areas. Some legislatures have also created special committees or staff agencies designed specifically to evaluate agency operation and performance. Here’s how the process works in Massachusetts.
The Comptroller is required by law to produce various financial reports on an annual basis.
Several agencies have hotlines for public and state employees to report suspected fraud, waste, abuse, and misconduct. A task force has been created to enable these agencies to coordinate their efforts.
"Issue Brief" from the Governor's Fiscal Year 2012 budget, proposing creation of a new Office of Commonwealth Performance, Accountability and Transparency (CPAT) within the Executive Office of Administration & Finance.